Wallace v. State, A-13632

CourtCourt of Appeals of Alaska
Docket NumberA-13632
Decision Date27 April 2022



No. A-13632

Court of Appeals of Alaska

April 27, 2022

UNPUBLISHED See Alaska Appellate Rule 214(d)

Appeal from the Superior Court, Third Judicial District, Trial Court No. 3AN-18-08673 CR Anchorage, Michael R. Spaan, Judge.

Dan Bair, Attorney at Law, Anchorage, under contract with the Office of Public Advocacy, for the Appellant.

Seneca Theno Freitag, Assistant Attorney General, Office of Criminal Appeals, Anchorage, and Treg R. Taylor, Attorney General, Juneau, for the Appellee.

Before: Allard, Chief Judge, and Wollenberg and Harbison, Judges.


Jarvis Deangelo Wallace was convicted, following a jury trial, of first-degree vehicle theft and driving with a revoked license after he assisted in the theft of a truck.[1] He also pleaded guilty to one count of violating his conditions of release.[2] The superior court imposed a composite sentence of 24 months in jail with 21 months


suspended (3 months to serve) and 3 years of supervised probation. Wallace raises two issues on appeal.

First, Wallace challenges a condition of probation prohibiting him from possessing "a concealed weapon, a firearm, or an illegal switchblade or gravity knife." As originally written, this condition did not include the word "illegal" and prohibited Wallace from possessing any switchblade or gravity knife. Wallace objected to the weapons condition at his sentencing hearing. He acknowledged that, as a convicted felon, he was already prohibited from possessing a concealed firearm, but he argued that there was no nexus between his crimes and the prohibition on possessing legal weapons.

The sentencing court apparently agreed, noting that the condition would be reversed on appeal "unless there's some basis . . . to impose it." The court therefore added the word "illegal" before the phrase "switchblade or gravity knife," in order to ensure that the condition only prohibited Wallace from possessing weapons that were already illegal for him to possess. After making this change, the court asked Wallace's attorney whether he had any further concerns, and the attorney indicated that he had none.

On appeal, however, Wallace points out that the condition prohibits him from possessing any "concealed weapon," even if his possession of that weapon would not otherwise be illegal. He also notes that, although the term "deadly weapon" is defined by AS 11.81.900(b)(17),...

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