Walls v. State

CourtCourt of Special Appeals of Maryland
Citation228 Md.App. 646,142 A.3d 631
Docket NumberNo. 1085, Sept. Term, 2014.,1085, Sept. Term, 2014.
PartiesBryant WALLS v. STATE of Maryland.
Decision Date27 July 2016

228 Md.App. 646
142 A.3d 631

Bryant WALLS
v.
STATE of Maryland.

No. 1085, Sept. Term, 2014.

Court of Special Appeals of Maryland.

July 27, 2016.


142 A.3d 634

Claudia A. Cortese (Paul B. DeWolfe, Public Defender, on the brief), Baltimore, MD, for Appellant.

Gary E. O'Connor (Brian E. Frosh, Atty. Gen., on the brief), Baltimore, MD, for Appellee.

Panel: DEBORAH S. EYLER, ARTHUR, and JAMES A. KENNEY, III, Retired, Specially Assigned, JJ.

DEBORAH S. EYLER, J.

228 Md.App. 651

A jury in the Circuit Court for Baltimore County convicted Bryant Walls, the appellant, of two counts of first degree murder and one count of first degree burglary. The court sentenced him to two consecutive life terms for murder and a concurrent ten year term for burglary. He noted an appeal, presenting five questions, which we have combined and rephrased as four:

I. Did the trial court err by denying his motion for a mistrial based upon the prosecutor's remark during opening statement that the jurors would hear the appellant “testify”?

II. Did the trial court err by declining to give his requested jury instructions on the crime of burglary and by its answers to questions from the jury about that crime?

III. Did the trial court err by admitting a recording of a telephone call that he made from the Baltimore County Detention Center?

IV. Did the trial court err by denying his motion to dismiss the charges against him or to exclude the testimony of two State's witnesses as a sanction for alleged prosecutorial misconduct?

For the following reasons, we shall affirm the judgments of the circuit court.

142 A.3d 635
228 Md.App. 652

FACTS AND PROCEEDINGS

Just after 2 a.m. on December 2, 2012, Walls killed Okemia Walls (“Okemia”), his estranged wife, and William Cunningham, her boyfriend. The charges against him were tried to a jury over five days in May 2014. The State's theory of prosecution was that the murders were willful, deliberate, and premeditated, and were committed in the course of a first degree burglary. Walls did not dispute his criminal agency, but took the position that he had killed the victims without premeditation or deliberation, and in hot-blooded response to legally adequate provocation, thereby mitigating the crimes to voluntary manslaughter. He disputed that he had the requisite intent to commit first degree burglary. We summarize the relevant evidence adduced at trial.

Walls and Okemia had known each other for 23 years and had been married for 7 years. They had no children together, but each had adult children from prior relationships.

At the beginning of 2012, Walls and Okemia were living at 24 Venus Court, a two-story townhouse in the Northbrooke Township development in Parkville. Okemia's daughter, Meishon Moore, was the lessee of the townhouse and lived there as well. Venus Court is comprised of three groupings of townhouses configured in a U with a parking lot in the center.

Sometime in the spring or summer of 2012, Walls and Okemia separated. Walls moved in with his brother, Rick Walls (“Rick”), and Rick's wife, Angela Walls (“Angela”), in their home in Joppa, Harford County. According to Moore, Walls took all of his belongings with him, did not retain a key to 24 Venus Court, and did not have permission to be in the home thereafter.1

Cherod Hicks was living in an apartment at 1 Venus Court with his roommate, Whitney Franklin. Hicks and Franklin were friends with Walls and Okemia. Around 7 p.m. on December 1, 2012, Hicks called Walls and told him that a

228 Md.App. 653

friend had attended a gathering at 24 Venus Court that day and had observed Okemia with a male companion. Upon hearing this, Walls got pretty “ upset” and said, “This is why I wanted to be finished with her.” He asked Hicks to come pick him up. Hicks agreed, but later changed his mind. He fell asleep and awoke around midnight. His cell phone showed 15 missed calls from Walls. He did not call him back.

Meanwhile, at 11 p.m., Okemia, Cunningham, Moore, and Moore's boyfriend left 24 Venus Court and went to a local bar. Around 1:15 a.m. (by now December 2, 2012), Okemia and Cunningham returned to 24 Venus Court.

Moore and her boyfriend stayed at the bar until 1:30 a.m. They drove to pick up some food and then returned to 24 Venus Court. Moore, who was behind the wheel, pulled into the parking lot between the townhouses around 2 a.m. She saw Walls crossing the parking lot, walking toward her car. She opened her window and asked him what he was doing there. Walls was sweating and appeared angry. He replied that “he had to get that nigga” or that he had to “kill that nigga.” Moore closed her window and drove away in a panic. She pulled around the corner and parked. She called Okemia's cell phone, but there was no answer. She then called Cunningham's cell phone, but that call also went unanswered. She called 911.

Shortly thereafter, Deanna Hunter, who was living at 30 Solar Circle, one street over from Venus Court, heard loud voices

142 A.3d 636

outside. She looked out her window and saw a man “pinn[ing]” a woman against an SUV and stabbing her with a knife. The woman fell to the pavement. Hunter heard the man say, “I told you I was gonna get you” as he was stabbing the woman. She called 911. While on the phone with the 911 operator, Hunter saw the perpetrator walk away. She went outside to render aid to the victim. She told the 911 operator that the woman was on her stomach, was bleeding profusely, and there was a “knife broken off in her back.”

Meanwhile, Moore had driven back into the parking lot on Venus Court. She noticed that the front door of 24 Venus

228 Md.App. 654

Court was wide open. She jumped out of her car and ran toward her townhouse. Walls was sitting on the outdoor air conditioning unit for the neighboring townhome. He said, “Mi, your mother is dead. I killed them both.”

Moore ran inside the house and found Cunningham lying on the floor in the master bedroom “bleeding to death.” She could not find her mother.

Moore's next door neighbor, Dawn Green, came outside. Green, who is a retired police detective, had been awakened by a loud thud, some faint screaming, and the sound of footsteps next door. She then heard someone knocking on the door of a nearby townhouse, later determined to be 30 Venus Court. She heard a female voice say, “Who is it,” and a male voice reply, “Bubbles.” (Walls's nickname is Bubbles.) The female voice asked, “Well, what do you want?” The male voice replied, “I just killed M[ami],” which was the nickname Walls used for Okemia.

Green retrieved her gun and police badge, and told her husband to call 911. She ran next door and, finding the door open, went inside and called out for Okemia. No one answered. She went upstairs and found Cunningham lying on the bedroom floor bleeding from the upper torso. He was still alive but could not speak. She told him she would get help.

Green ran back outside and saw Walls sitting on an air conditioning unit. She asked him where Okemia was and he replied, “I killed her.” Green displayed her gun and identified herself as a police officer. Walls took off running in the direction of Solar Circle. Green pursued him and yelled that she would shoot if he didn't stop. He exclaimed, “It's me. I did it. I did it. Don't shoot.”

By then, Baltimore County Police Department (“BCPD”) Officers Conrad Butler and Daniel Burns had arrived at Solar Circle. They found Okemia, partially clothed and lying face down on the pavement, with “horrific injuries on her back.” A “tip of a piece of metal” was sticking out of her spine. Officer Burns recognized it as the base of a knife blade that had broken off. A black knife handle was found in the grass by

228 Md.App. 655

her arm. The officers immediately observed Walls running toward them, hands in the air, with Green in pursuit. Walls was shouting, “I did it. I did it.” The officers yelled for Walls to get on the ground. He complied and they placed him under arrest. His hands were covered in “wet, dripping blood.”

Walls began to cry. He told the officers that the woman on the ground was his wife. He said he had found her in bed with another man. Indicating with his head toward 24 Venus Court, he said he had “left another one up there.” Officer Butler entered 24 Venus Court and found Cunningham's body. Cunningham and Okemia were pronounced dead at the scene.

A BCPD crime technician photographed damage to the front door, doorframe, and casing at 24 Venus Court, as well as a muddy shoe print on the outside of the

142 A.3d 637

door. She also photographed blood smears on the door of 30 Venus Court.

At trial, a video recording of an oral statement Walls gave to the police on December 2, 2012, was played for the jury. In the statement, Walls said he and Okemia had been...

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29 practice notes
  • Howard v. State, 747, Sept. Term, 2015
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • 28 Marzo 2017
    ...and it is well established that the decision whether to grant it is within the sound discretion of the trial court." Walls v. State , 228 Md.App. 646, 668, 142 A.3d 631 (2016) (citing Carter v. State , 366 Md. 574, 589, 785 A.2d 348 (2001) ). " ‘In the environment of the trial the trial cou......
  • United States v. Bernel-Aveja, 15-20308
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • 13 Diciembre 2016
    ...at the time of his unauthorized entry, both for the crimes of simple burglary and attempted simple burglary.").91 See Walls v. State , 228 Md.App. 646, 142 A.3d 631, 652 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 2016) ("Maryland's statutory offense of burglary in the first degree is ‘akin to common law burglary,......
  • Phelps v. State, 785
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • 12 Marzo 2018
    ...and it is well established that the decision whether to grant it is within the sound discretion of the trial court." Walls v. State, 228 Md.App. 646, 668, 142 A.3d 631 (2016) (citing Carter v. State, 366 Md. 574, 589, 785 A.2d 348 (2001)). " 'In the environment of the trial the trial court ......
  • Bowersox v. State, 2634
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • 18 Diciembre 2017
    ...ruling on a mistrial motion under the abuse of discretion standard." Nash v. State, 439 Md. 53, 66-67 (2014); see also Walls v. State, 228 Md. App. 646, 668 (2016) ("A mistrial is an extreme remedy and it is well established that the decision whether to grant it is within the sound discreti......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
27 cases
  • United States v. Bernel-Aveja, 15-20308
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • 13 Diciembre 2016
    ...at the time of his unauthorized entry, both for the crimes of simple burglary and attempted simple burglary.").91 See Walls v. State , 228 Md.App. 646, 142 A.3d 631, 652 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 2016) ("Maryland's statutory offense of burglary in the first degree is ‘akin to common law burglary,......
  • Howard v. State, 747, Sept. Term, 2015
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • 28 Marzo 2017
    ...and it is well established that the decision whether to grant it is within the sound discretion of the trial court." Walls v. State , 228 Md.App. 646, 668, 142 A.3d 631 (2016) (citing Carter v. State , 366 Md. 574, 589, 785 A.2d 348 (2001) ). " ‘In the environment of the trial the trial cou......
  • Phelps v. State, 785
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • 12 Marzo 2018
    ...and it is well established that the decision whether to grant it is within the sound discretion of the trial court." Walls v. State, 228 Md.App. 646, 668, 142 A.3d 631 (2016) (citing Carter v. State, 366 Md. 574, 589, 785 A.2d 348 (2001)). " 'In the environment of the trial the trial court ......
  • Bowersox v. State, 2634
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • 18 Diciembre 2017
    ...ruling on a mistrial motion under the abuse of discretion standard." Nash v. State, 439 Md. 53, 66-67 (2014); see also Walls v. State, 228 Md. App. 646, 668 (2016) ("A mistrial is an extreme remedy and it is well established that the decision whether to grant it is within the sound discreti......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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