Watkins v. Hadamek, CA

Decision Date21 December 1994
Docket NumberNo. CA,CA
Citation892 S.W.2d 515,48 Ark.App. 78
PartiesLeonard WATKINS and Shirley Watkins, Appellants, v. Donna HADAMEK and Tina Adams, Appellees. 93-1286.
CourtArkansas Court of Appeals

R. Gunner DeLay, Fort Smith, for appellant.

David Charles Gean, Fort Smith, for appellee.


Leonard and Shirley Watkins appeal from an order quashing writs of garnishment.

On February 23, 1993, appellants obtained a judgment against appellees Donna Hadamek and Tina Adams in the amount of $20,289.00. The judgment was unpaid and on June 4, 1993, appellants served the third in a series of writs of garnishment on Tyson Foods, Inc., garnishee, alleging that Tyson was "indebted to the Defendant or have in your possession goods, chattels, moneys, credits, or effects belonging to the Defendant." A copy of the writ of garnishment was served on the appellees.

On July 21, 1991, Tyson filed an answer stating it "is obligated to the Defendant for $13,075.45."

On August 9, 1993, the appellees filed a motion to quash the writ of garnishment in which they alleged that on September 27, 1991, Donna Hadamek assigned 100 percent of the net proceeds from her poultry service contract with Tyson to the Bank of Waldron (Bank) to pay off an outstanding loan; that the garnishment did not have priority over the prior assignment; and that Tyson had money in its hands which belongs to the Bank. Appellees asked that the writ of garnishment or any subsequent writs of garnishment filed on Tyson be quashed and that Tyson be ordered to release the money it held to the Bank.

At a hearing held August 10, 1993, the appellants argued that Ms. Hadamek had no standing to challenge the writ of garnishment because she had conveyed her interest to the Bank; that Ms. Hadamek was a disinterested party; and that only the Bank could challenge the writ. Appellants also argued that the assignment was invalid for want of consideration.

On August 30, 1993, the trial court entered an order quashing the writ of garnishment and ordering Tyson to pay to the Bank the money it was holding. The court found that, prior to the filing of the Writ of Garnishment, Ms. Hadamek had made a valid assignment of the proceeds of her poultry service contract to the Bank to pay off an outstanding loan; that Ms. Hadamek had standing to file the motion to quash; and that the garnishee Tyson had no "goods, chattels, moneys, credits, and effects belonging to the plaintiff, Donna Hadamek."

Appellants argue on appeal that the trial court erred in finding a valid assignment had been made to the Bank because Ms. Hadamek had not relinquished all rights to the fund. At the hearing on the motion to quash, Ms. Hadamek testified that she never sees the check, that her name is not on it, that she does not get to sign it, and the Bank uses the check to pay her debts at the Bank. She testified that the Bank told her they can do anything with the money that they choose; that they do that; and that anything left over goes in her account at the Bank. Appellants argue that this testimony "clearly shows that the Plaintiffs had access to the funds which were deposited at the Bank" and that the transaction is not an assignment but is "more akin to an automatic deduction."

All contracts in writing for the payment of money are assignable. Ark.Code Ann. § 4-58-102 (1987). An assignment is generally interpreted or construed under the rules governing the construction of contracts, the primary object being to ascertain and carry out the parties' intentions; to insure validity the assignment must adequately describe or identify the thing to be assigned, but when such a description is inserted, the assignment ordinarily passes to the assignee all the rights, title, or interest of the assignor in the property. Northwest National Bank v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., 25 Ark.App. 279, 757 S.W.2d 182 (1988).

Here, an "Assignment of Proceeds of Poultry" dated September 27, 1991, and signed by Donna Hadamek and Tyson Foods, Inc. was received into evidence. It states that Donna Hadamek authorizes Tyson to pay the Bank the net proceeds per pay period payable to her as a result of her services to Tyson in raising and caring for poultry belonging to Tyson; that the assignment supersedes and voids any prior assignment; and that payment by Tyson shall be made by check payable and mailed to the Bank. Ms. Hadamek testified that the assignment was still in effect; that she could not stop it; that the Bank uses the check to pay her debts at the Bank; that it's 100 percent; and that the funds being held do not belong to her but belong to the Bank.

Under the evidence, we cannot say the trial court erred in quashing the garnishment and paying the money to the Bank.

Appellants also argue that if the assignment was valid, the Bank is the only party who can challenge the writs of garnishment. Appellants contend that the appellees lacked standing to challenge the writs and cannot assert the Bank's rights. In support of this argument appellants cite Smith v. National Cashflow Systems, Inc., 309 Ark. 101, 827 S.W.2d 146 (1992). But that case, which involved an original action, did not involve garnishment. There the appellee, a licensed collection agency obtained assignments of debts and brought an action on the debts in its own name. The appellant argued the appellee was not the real party in interest. Our supreme court held that because the appellee was the assignee of a properly assigned account it is the entity which can discharge the claim, is the real party in interest, and as such can bring the action.

Ark.Code Ann. § 16-110-134(a) (1987) provides:

Before sale of any attached property, or before the payment to the plaintiff of the proceeds thereof or of any attached debt, any person may present his complaint verified by oath to the court. This complaint shall dispute the validity of the attachment, or state a claim to the property or an interest in, or lien on it under any other attachment, or otherwise, and set forth the facts upon which the claim is founded, and his claim shall be investigated.

In Lawrence v. Ford Motor Credit Co., 247 Ark. 1125, 449 S.W.2d 695 (1970), our supreme court held that statute is applicable to garnishment proceedings. The court stated:

Arkansas Statutes Annotated § 31-157 (Repl.1962) [now Ark.Code Ann. § 16-110-134 (1987) ] permits any person disputing the validity of an attachment, or stating a claim to, interest in, or lien upon attached property to present his complaint at any time before the payment to the plaintiff of the proceeds of an attached debt. There can be no doubt about the applicability of this statute to this case. A garnishment is only a species of attachment. Service of a writ of garnishment upon a debtor is an attachment of the debt or a form of levy thereupon.

247 Ark. at 1129, 449 S.W.2d at 697-98 (citations omitted). See also G.A.C. Trans-world Acceptance Corp. v. Jaynes, 255...

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2 cases
  • Value v. State
    • United States
    • Arkansas Court of Appeals
    • December 21, 1994
  • Turner v. Farnam
    • United States
    • Arkansas Court of Appeals
    • June 18, 2003
    ...shall be paid by either party, at the discretion of the court. (Emphasis added.) We applied this statute in 1994 in Watkins v. Hadamek, 48 Ark.App. 78, 892 S.W.2d 515 (1994). There, Watkins obtained a judgment against Hadamek. Watkins then served a writ of garnishment on Tyson Foods, who an......

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