Weaver v. Hutson, Ii

Decision Date24 October 1972
Docket NumberNo. 71-1645,71-1645
Citation93 S.Ct. 288,34 L.Ed.2d 227,409 U.S. 957
PartiesCoy L. WEAVER et ux. v. Richard M. HUTSON, II, Trustee of Landmark Inns of Durham, Inc
CourtU.S. Supreme Court

On petition for writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.

The petition for a writ of certiorari is denied.

Mr. Justice WHITE, dissenting.

Section 70(b) of the Bankruptcy Act, 11 U.S.C. § 110(b), provides:

'[A]n express covenant that an assignment by operation of law or the bankruptcy of a specified party thereto or of either party shall terminate the lease or give the other party an election to terminate the same is enforceable.'

In Finn v. Meighan, 325 U.S. 300, 65 S.Ct. 1147, 89 L.Ed. 1624 (1945), the Court held § 70(b) fully applicable in ch. X reorganization proceedings despite arguments that enforcement of forfeiture clauses could deprive the debtor of property vital to the continuance of the business and so defeat the very purpose of the reorganization proceedings.* The Court said:

'There is some suggestion, however, that that provision is applicable only in ordinary bankruptcy proceedings and not to reorganizations under Ch. X. It is pointed out that frequently the value of enterprises is greatly enhanced by leases on strategic premises and that if forfeiture clauses were allowed to be enforced, reorganization plans might be seriously impaired. But Congress has made the forfeiture provision of § 70 applicable to reorganization proceedings under Ch. X. . . . Thus we must read § 70(b) as providing that an express covenant is enforceable which allows the lessor to terminate the lease if a petition to reorganize the lessee under Ch. X is approved. Cf. In re Walker [2 Cir.], 93 F.2d 281. That being the policy adopted by Congress, our duty is to enforce it.' 325 U.S., at 302-303, 65 S.Ct. 1147.

In the case before use the Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit refused to apply § 70(b) in a reorganization proceeding and to enforce a termination provision in a lease because to do so, in its opinion, would emasculate the reorganization plan. The Court of Appeals relief on Smith v. Hoboken R. Co., 328 U.S. 123, 66 S.Ct. 947, 90 L.Ed. 1123 (1946), where this Court held that § 70(b) did not require recognition of a forfeiture provision in the context of a railroad reorganization under § 77 because the forfeiture would deprive the Interstate Commerce Commission of its statutory function . The Court was careful to distinguish Finn:

'Finn v. Meighan, supra, involved the forfeiture of a lease in reorganization proceedings under Ch. X. But the problem there was not complicated by any provision of Ch. X giving to an administrative agency the functions entrusted to the Interstate Commerce Commission under § 77. As we stated in Palmer v. Massachusetts, 308 U.S. 79, 87 [60 S.Ct. 34, 84 L.Ed. 93],...

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22 cases
  • In re Delta Motor Hotel of Syracuse, Inc.
    • United States
    • U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Northern District of New York
    • April 6, 1981
    ...In re Fleetwood Motel Corporation, supra; Weaver v. Hutson, 459 F.2d 741 (4th Cir. 1972), cert. denied, 409 U.S. 957, 93 S.Ct. 288, 34 L.Ed.2d 227 (1973) (White, J., dissenting); Queens Boulevard Wine & Liquor v. Blum, supra; In re Fontainebleu Hotel, 515 F.2d 913 (5th Cir. 1975); In the Ma......
  • Huntington Ltd., In re
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Ninth Circuit
    • August 24, 1981
    ...& Liquor Corp. v. Blum, 503 F.2d 202 (2nd Cir. 1974); Weaver v. Hutson, 459 F.2d 741 (4th Cir. 1972), cert. denied, 409 U.S. 957, 93 S.Ct. 288, 34 L.Ed.2d 227 (1973); In re Fleetwood Motel Corp., 335 F.2d 857 (3rd Cir. In Smith, the Supreme Court determined that the question of the enforcea......
  • Butz v. Glover Livestock Commission Company, Inc 8212 1545
    • United States
    • U.S. Supreme Court
    • March 28, 1973
    ...whether, in doing so, the Court of Appeals exceeded the scope of proper judicial review of administrative sanctions. 409 U.S. 947, 93 S.Ct. 288, 34 L.Ed.2d 217 (1972). We conclude that the setting aside of the suspension was an impermissible judicial intrusion into the administrative domain......
  • Matter of Curio Shoppes, Inc., Bankruptcy No. 2-85-00171.
    • United States
    • U.S. Bankruptcy Court — District of Connecticut
    • November 8, 1985
    ...283, 285 (8th Cir.1950) (filing of bankruptcy petition). 7 Weaver v. Hutson, 459 F.2d 741 (4th Cir.1972), cert. den. 409 U.S. 957, 93 S.Ct. 288, 34 L.Ed.2d 227 (1973); In re Fleetwood Motel Corp., 335 F.2d 857 (3d 8 The debtor's further argument concerning the constitutionality of § 365(d)(......
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