Wilson v. Southern Ry. Co., 11187.

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
Citation147 F.2d 165
Docket NumberNo. 11187.,11187.
PartiesWILSON et al. v. SOUTHERN RY. CO.
Decision Date14 February 1945

Estes Doremus, of Atlanta, Ga., for appellants.

R. M. Arnold, of Columbus, Ga., and Walter A. Harris, of Macon, Ga., for appellees.

Before HUTCHESON, HOLMES and McCORD, Circuit Judges.

HOLMES, Circuit Judge.

This case is before us on the several motions of appellee to dismiss the appeal. The grounds of the respective motions are (1) that the appeal was not taken from a final judgment or other appealable order, (2) that the appeal was not taken within the time allowed by statute, and (3) that the record on appeal was not filed and docketed in this court within the time prescribed by Rule 73(g) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, 28 U.S.C.A. following section 723c.

These facts underlie the motions: On April 27, 1944, the court below entered a judgment dismissing appellants' suit for damages. A motion for a new trial was overruled by an order entered June 10, 1944. On September 11, 1944, appellants filed a notice of appeal to this court "from the final judgment entered in this action on June 10, 1944." By order of the District Court, appellants were granted until December 10, 1944, to file the record on appeal. Prior to the expiration of this period, the first motion to dismiss was filed by appellee. On December 11, 1944, appellants requested a further extension of time to file the record, on which date this court withheld a ruling on appellants' request to await action of the court upon the motion to dismiss.

It must be conceded that the notice of appeal was not skillfully drawn, since no final judgment was entered on June 10, 1944, only an order overruling the motion for a new trial. Nevertheless, since the judgment of April 27, 1944, although final from the date of its entry, became final on June 10, 1944, for the purpose of computing the time allowed for taking an appeal, it is clear that the notice of appeal was intended to obtain a review of the judgment of April 27, 1944, which was the only appealable judgment entered in the cause. Therefore, we hold that the notice was sufficient to perfect an appeal to this court from the judgment of April 27, 1944.

The question whether the appeal was taken within the time prescribed by law requires a construction of the statute, 28 U.S.C.A. § 230, in the light of Rule 6(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The statute provides that no such appeal shall be allowed unless taken within three months after the entry of the judgment appealed from; and under settled jurisprudence, where a seasonable motion for a new trial is filed, the three-month period begins to run from the date an order is entered overruling the motion. Here the motion was overruled on June 10, 1944, so that appellants had until September 10, 1944, to file the notice of appeal. The expiration date fell on a Sunday, and the notice of appeal was filed the following day.

Prior to the adoption of the rules in 1938, the courts with unanimity held that, when the three-month period expired on a Sunday, the litigant must take his appeal on or before the preceding Saturday.1 Rule 6(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides: "In computing any period of time prescribed or...

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27 cases
  • Wagner v. New York, Ontario and Western Railway, Civ. A. No. 5364.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 3th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Pennsylvania
    • November 20, 1956
    ...a method of computing the statutory period different from that fixed by judicial decision.'" Wilson v. Southern Ry. Co., 5 Cir., 1945, 147 F.2d 165, at page The statute was tolled during the emergency. The complaint was filed on time. Defendant's motion asserts it is a New York corporation;......
  • United States v. Mulcahy, 264
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • June 30, 1948
    ...Dioguardi v. Durning, 2 Cir., 139 F.2d 774; Truth Seeker Co. v. Durning, 2 Cir., 147 F.2d 54. 17 Cf. Wilson v. Southern Ry. Co., 5 Cir., 147 F.2d 165, 166; Georgia Lumber Co. v. Compania, 323 U.S. 334, 65 S.Ct. 293, 89 L.Ed. 280; Reconstruction Finance Corp. v. Prudence Group, 311 U.S. 579,......
  • Yoshizaki v. Hilo Hospital, 4511
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Hawai'i
    • May 1, 1967
    ...for more than two years. --------------- 1 Porter v. Borden's Dairy Delivery Co., 156 F.2d 798 (9th Cir.); Wilson v. Southern Ry. Co., 147 F.2d 165 (5th Cir.); Shannon v. Retail Clerks, Int'l Protective Ass'n, 128 F.2d 553 (7th Cir.); see also Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 83 S.Ct. 227, 9 L......
  • Union Nat Bank of Wichita, Kansas v. Lamb, 500
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • May 16, 1949
    ...299, 10 S.Ct. 309, 33 L.Ed. 631; Sherwood Bros. v. District of Columbia, 72 App.D.C. 155, 113 F.2d 162; Wilson v. Southern R. Co., 5 Cir., 147 F.2d 165. Contra: Johnson v. Meyers, 8 Cir., 54 F. 417; Meyer v. Hot Springs Imp. Co., 9 Cir., 169 F. 628; Siegelschiffer v. Penn Mut. Life Ins. Co.......
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