Wilson v. State, 51373

Decision Date12 May 1976
Docket NumberNo. 51373,51373
Citation536 S.W.2d 375
PartiesVance WILSON, Appellant, v. The STATE of Texas, Appellee.
CourtTexas Court of Criminal Appeals

Charles E. Anderson, on appeal only, El Paso, for appellant.

Steve W. Simmons, Dist. Atty., William J. Ellis, Asst. Dist. Atty., El Paso, Jim D. Vollers, State's Atty., David S. McAngus, Asst. State's Atty., Austin, for the State.

OPINION

ODOM, Judge.

This is an appeal from a conviction under our former Penal Code for receiving and concealing stolen property over the value of $50.00. Punishment was assessed at two years.

It is only necessary to discuss appellant's ground of error in which he contends the evidence was insufficient to show that the property alleged in the indictment to have been stolen was worth more than $50, as the State was bound to prove in order to support a felony conviction. See Arts. 1430, 1421, V.A.P.C.

The indictment charged that appellant had knowingly received and concealed stolen property consisting of 'one set of binoculars of the value of $17.50, and one camera of the value of $200.00 . . .' The evidence as to value is contained in the following testimony of the complaining witness, R. Moorman:

'Q. (by the prosecutor): Mr. Moorman, what would have been the fair market value of those binoculars on December 10, 1971?

'A. (by complaining witness): Those were relatively new and I paid $17.50 for them.

'A. Okay sir. I am going to direct your attention to State's Exhibit #8. Would you examine that and tell me if you can identify it?

'A. Well inside of the lid is my name and my Army serial number, and it is a Konica Camera, which is like the one which I had at the time, apparently this is the same, and there are accessories such as I had, two of them called actuary lenses for the camera, same type of exposure meter, filters for the camera, and some other filters here (indicating) and time selector switch, and a lens brush such as I had.

'Q. What would have been the fair market value then on December 10, 1971 for that camera?

'A. Our claim, the claim that we put in for to the insurance company for reimbursement from the insurance company was $200.

'Q. Is that what the insurance company paid?

'A. No, they did not because the claim was settled. The items had been recovered and were in the Sheriff's Department.

Q. Okay, sir. This $200 included the camera, case, and all the attachments?

'A. Yes, all of the camera and equipment.'

Construing this testimony most favorably to the jury's verdict, there was evidence that the fair market or replacement value of the binoculars was somewhat less than $17.50. There was some evidence that the value of the camera, case, and numerous accessories aggregated $200. Appellant complains that the mere filing of an insurance claim in that amount, especially one that was never paid, is no evidence at all of fair market or replacement value. Although we are unable to find any case holding the evidence of aggregate value sufficient upon such scanty testimony, 1 we decline to reverse the judgment for that reason in view of appellant's failure to object to the method of proof. See Bullard v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 533 S.W.2d 812; Turner v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 486 S.W.2d 797; Tinsley v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 461 S.W.2d 605; Morris v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 368 S.W.2d 615.

It is axiomatic, however, that a conviction for theft cannot rest in whole or in part upon the theft of property not alleged in the indictment to have been stolen. Cornado v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 508 S.W.2d 373; Ballinger v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 481 S.W.2d 421. The indictment in the instant case alleged theft of a camera only, not any case or accessories. Because the evidence showed that the value of the binoculars was somewhat less than $17.50, the State was bound to prove that the value of the camera was somewhat more than $32.50.

There was no evidence from any source as to the value of the camera alone, or of the relative values of the camera, the case, or the accessories.

In Ballinger v. State, 481 S.W.2d 421, the indictment for theft over $50 alleged the defendant stole shirts and a coat. The proof showed that he had stolen shirts, a coat, and two sweater sets of the total value of...

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7 cases
  • Lehman v. State
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
    • June 20, 1990
    ...a theft conviction can never rest in whole or in part upon theft of property not alleged in the indictment as stolen. Wilson v. State, 536 S.W.2d 375, 377 (Tex.Cr.App.1976). However, once the defendant has been given proper notice that he must prepare to defend himself against a charge that......
  • Toval v. State, No. 14-03-00277-CR (Tex. App. 12/18/2003)
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Appeals
    • December 18, 2003
    ...for selling it." Keeton v. State, 803 S.W.2d 304, 305 (Tex. Crim. App. 1991) (emphasis omitted). 3. Appellant cites Wilson v. State, 536 S.W.2d 375 (Tex. Crim. App. 1976), and Riggs v. State, 561 S.W.2d 196 (Tex. Crim. App. 1978), in support of his argument. These cases stand for the propos......
  • Toval v. State, No. 14-03-00277-CR (Tex. App. 3/16/2004)
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Appeals
    • March 16, 2004
    ...for selling it." Keeton v. State, 803 S.W.2d 304, 305 (Tex. Crim. App. 1991) (emphasis omitted). 3. Appellant cites Wilson v. State, 536 S.W.2d 375 (Tex. Crim. App. 1976), and Riggs v. State, 561 S.W.2d 196 (Tex. Crim. App. 1978), in support of his argument. These cases stand for the propos......
  • Tems v. State, No. 06-04-00164-CR (TX 8/30/2005)
    • United States
    • Texas Supreme Court
    • August 30, 2005
    ...doubt as guaranteed by the Due Course of Law provision of the Texas Constitution. See Tex. Const. art I, § 19; Wilson v. State, 536 S.W.2d 375, 377 (Tex. Crim. App. 1976). Tems argues that a mere speculative possibility of danger is insufficient to constitute imminent danger. Some courts ha......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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