Winkelman v. Magne, 00-3043.

Decision Date29 October 2001
Docket NumberNo. 00-3043.,00-3043.
Citation173 F.Supp.2d 821
PartiesJohn WINKELMAN, Plaintiff, v. Steve MAGNE and Brad Sassatelli, Defendants.
CourtU.S. District Court — Central District of Illinois

Mary Lee Leahy, Leahy Law Offices, Springfield, IL, Attorney for Plaintiff.

Matthew D. Bilinsky, Office of Attorney General, Springfield, IL, Jeffrey D. Colman, David Jimenez-Ekman, Erin R. Schrantz, Jenner & Block, Chicago, IL, Attorneys for Defendants.


RICHARD MILLS, District Judge.

In order to survive a motion for summary judgment, a plaintiff must do more than invoke general principles of law; he must rely upon relevant law and tender admissible, material evidence which support his claim.

Here, Plaintiff has failed to cite any admissible, relevant evidence in support of his claim; he has failed to cite any applicable case law in support of his claim; and he has failed to distinguish the clear and binding authority relied upon by Defendants in support of their motion for summary judgment.

A better suited case to employ the tool of summary judgment could not be found.

Motion for summary judgment allowed.


The Illinois Department of Corrections ("IDOC") advertised or "posted" the vacancy for a dietary manager position at the Graham Correctional Center in October 1999. IDOC selected four candidates to be interviewed for the position. Two of these candidates were John Winkelman and John Flowers. Steve Magne and Brad Sassatelli were responsible for interviewing the candidates for IDOC.

In individual interviews, Magne and Sassatelli posed the same series of predetermined, job-related questions to each of the four candidates. Magne scored and ranked the candidates based solely on their answers to these predetermined questions. Sassatelli scored and ranked the candidates based upon the candidates' answers to the predetermined questions, their applications and resumes if submitted, and his prior eight years of experience at the Graham Correctional Center.

After his interview, Flowers received a score of 3.4 from Magne and Sassatelli. After his interview, Winkelman received a score of 3.35. Because Flowers received the highest score of the four candidates, Magne and Sassatelli recommended to their superiors that Flowers be appointed to the position of dietary manager position at the Graham Correctional Center. Based upon Magne and Sassatelli's recommendations, IDOC appointed Flowers to be the dietary manager at the Graham Correctional Center effective January 1, 2000.

On February 14, 2000, Winkelman filed the above-captioned case, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that Magne and Sassatelli violated his First Amendment rights by failing to award him the dietary manager position at Graham Correctional Center. Specifically, Winkelman alleges that Magne and Sassatelli filled the position on the basis of political affiliation and that, had Magne and Sassatelli awarded the position based upon merit, he would have received the position because he is more qualified for the position than Flowers is. Magne and Sassatelli have now moved for summary judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(c).


Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(c) provides that summary judgment "shall be rendered forthwith if the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 56(c); see Ruiz-Rivera v. Moyer, 70 F.3d 498, 500-01 (7th Cir.1995). The moving party has the burden of providing proper documentary evidence to show the absence of a genuine issue of material fact. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323-24, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986). A genuine issue of material fact exists when "there is sufficient evidence favoring the nonmoving party for a jury to return a verdict for that party." Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249, 106 S.Ct. 2505, 91 L.Ed.2d 202 (1986).

In determining whether a genuine issue of material fact exists, the Court must consider the evidence in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party. Adickes v. S.H. Kress & Co., 398 U.S. 144, 157, 90 S.Ct. 1598, 26 L.Ed.2d 142 (1970). Once the moving party has met its burden, the opposing party must come forward with specific evidence, not mere allegations or denials of the pleadings, which demonstrates that there is a genuine issue for trial. Gracia v. Volvo Europa Truck, N.V., 112 F.3d 291, 294 (7th Cir.1997).


After reviewing the parties' submissions on the matter of summary judgment, the Court is in a quandary as to how and why it is, exactly, that Winkelman expects the Court not to grant summary judgment in Magne and Sassatelli's favor. Evidently, Winkelman and/or his counsel believe that all a would-be plaintiff who is attempting to state a cause of action based upon political affiliation discrimination needs to do in order to have his case proceed before a jury is to cite Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois, 497 U.S. 62, 110 S.Ct. 2729, 111 L.Ed.2d 52 (1990), make wholly unsubstantiated and irrelevant claims, and label those claims as "circumstantial evidence." However, Winkelman is clearly incorrect as this is not the state of the law. The Court provided Winkelman ample opportunity to prove his claim during the discovery period, but because he has failed to do so, the Court will enter summary judgment in Magne and Sassatelli's favor.

As the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit has explained:

In order to establish a prima facie case of politically motivated discharge, [a plaintiff] must "prove by a preponderance of the evidence that his conduct was constitutionally protected, and that the protected conduct was a substantial factor in the decision to terminate him." Garrett v. Barnes, 961 F.2d 629, 632 (7th Cir.1992). As we have noted, "[t]hat burden is not insignificant. A disgruntled employee fired for legitimate reasons would not be able to satisfy his burden merely by showing that he carried the political card of the opposition party or that he favored the defendant's opponent in the election." Nekolny v. Painter, 653 F.2d 1164, 1168 (7th Cir. 1981), certiorari denied, 455 U.S. 1021, 102 S.Ct. 1719, 72 L.Ed.2d 139. If [a plaintiff] is able to demonstrate that his political affiliation was a motivating factor in his termination, the burden then shifts to defendants to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that they had a legitimate, non-political reason for terminating him in order to avoid liability. Garrett, 961 F.2d at 632.

Nelms v. Modisett, 153 F.3d 815, 818 (7th Cir.1998)(footnote omitted); see Tarpley v. Jeffers, 96 F.3d 921, 928 (7th Cir.1996), quoting Mt. Healthy City Sch. Dist. Bd. of Educ. v. Doyle, 429 U.S. 274, 287, 97 S.Ct. 568, 50 L.Ed.2d 471 (1977)(holding that "the employee must first prove by a preponderance of the evidence that political affiliation was a `motivating factor' in the employment decision. If the employee carries that burden, the employer then bears the burden of showing that `it would have reached the same decision as to respondent's []employment even in the absence of the protected conduct.'").

In the instant case, Winkelman has failed to tender any evidence, let alone evidence sufficient to show by a preponderance, that he was not awarded the position as a dietary manager at Graham Correctional Center because of his political affiliation or because of his lack of a political affiliation. In fact, the undisputed evidence establishes just the opposite. Politics, political affiliation, political beliefs, political activities, political recommendations, and political support were never mentioned or discussed at any time during the interview process. In fact, Winkelman attested to this fact during his deposition.

Furthermore, the undisputed evidence reveals that at no point during the interview, evaluation, and/or selection process did Magne or Sassatelli know the political affiliation, beliefs, activities, recommendations, or support of either Winkelman or Flowers. Although Sassatelli knew that Winkelman had run for political office as a Republican, at no point in the interview, evaluation, and selection process did he know of Winkelman's political recommendation or support for the position. In any event, at no point in the interview, evaluation, and selection process did Magne and/or Sassatelli: (1) consider the political affiliation, beliefs, activities, recommendations, or support of Winkelman or Flowers; (2) receive any direction or communication from anyone at IDOC or the Graham Correctional Center specifying that they should recommend a particular person for the position; (3) have any communication with any political official concerning the appointment; or (4) know of any letters of recommendation or referral in support of any candidate for the position. The law is clear that, if a defendant does not know of a plaintiff's political affiliation (or lack thereof), he cannot be held...

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3 cases
  • Coffey v. Cox
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Central District of Illinois
    • August 20, 2002
    ...ANALYSIS The facts in this case are strikingly similar to the facts set forth in a published Opinion from this Court, Winkelman v. Magne, 173 F.Supp.2d 821 (C.D.Ill.2001), and the facts in an unpublished order from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois. Wilk......
  • Deheve v. Price
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Central District of Illinois
    • February 28, 2002
    ...analysis in this case. That analysis is not appropriate for a § 1983 First Amendment Eldon/Branti/Rutan claim. Winkelman v. Magne, 173 F.Supp.2d 821, 825 (C.D.Ill.2001). ...
  • Coffey v. Cox
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Central District of Illinois
    • December 6, 2002
    ...Coffey, 218 F.Supp.2d at 1004, quoting Wilkie, 2002 WL 338401 at * 5. In addition, as noted supra, in this case (Id. at 1002), in Winkelman (173 F.Supp.2d at 825), in Wilkie (2002 WL 338401 at *5), and in Deheve v. Price, 189 F.Supp.2d 830, 834 n. 5 (C.D.Ill.2002), Plaintiff's counsel advan......
1 books & journal articles
  • Administration.
    • United States
    • Corrections Caselaw Quarterly No. 2002, February - February 2002
    • February 1, 2002
    ...District Court DISCRIMINATION EMPLOYEE QUALIFICATIONS Winkelman v. Magne, 173 F.Supp.2d 821 (C.D.Ill. 2001). An applicant for employment with a state correctional facility filed a [sections] 1983 action against employees responsible for interviewing candidates, alleging violation of his Fir......

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