Wright v. Territory Oklahoma

CourtSupreme Court of Oklahoma
Writing for the CourtKEATON, J.
Citation47 P. 1069,1897 OK 46,5 Okla. 78
PartiesJOHN WESLEY WRIGHT v. TERRITORY OF OKLAHOMA.
Decision Date12 February 1897

1897 OK 46
47 P. 1069
5 Okla. 78

JOHN WESLEY WRIGHT
v.
TERRITORY OF OKLAHOMA.

Supreme Court of Oklahoma

Decided: February 12, 1897


Error from the District Court of Kingfisher County.

John Wesley Wright, the defendant below, was indicted, tried and convicted of murder, and appeals. Reversed

Syllabus

¶0 1. ALIBI--Burden of Proof. An instruction to the jury that, when the defense of alibi is interposed by the defendant it is incumbent upon him to establish same by a preponderance of the evidence; Held: Erroneous and a sufficient ground for reversing the case; following Shoemaker v. Territory, 4 Okla. Rep. 118, 43 Pac. 1059.

2. INDICTMENT FOR MURDER--Sufficiency, Defects Waived. An indictment which does not charge that the acts by which the killing was accomplished, and the killing itself, were perpetrated by the accused with the premeditated design, or intent, to effect the death of the person killed, is insufficient to support a conviction of murder; following Holt v. Territory, 4 Okla. Rep. 76, 43 Pac. 1083; Jewell v. Territory, Ibid. 1075, 4 Okla. Rep. 53; but this court is not required to examine and pass upon the validity of an indictment unless the same has been challenged by some proper proceeding in the trial court.

W. A. McCartney, E. O. Taylor and Buckner & Sons, for plaintiff in error.

C. A. Galbraith, Attorney General, for the Territory.

KEATON, J.:

¶1 While the record filed in this court by appellant is very voluminous and a number of errors have been assigned thereon, but two are urged by his counsel which we shall consider in their order.

¶2 In the eighth assignment of error appellant complains of the giving of certain instructions, among them being the following relating to the defense of an alibi, which he interposed at the trial of the cause:

"31. The burden is upon the defendant to prove this defense for himself, by the preponderance of the evidence, that is, by the greater and superior evidence. The defense of alibi to be entitled to consideration, must be such as to show at the very time of the commission of the crime charged, the accused was at another place so far away, or under such circumstances, as with all means of travel within his control, to reasonably exclude the possibility, that the defendant could have reached the place where the crime was committed, so as to have participated in the commission thereof."

¶3 To the giving of which instruction the defendant duly excepted.

¶4 This court, on February 13, 1896,...

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3 practice notes
  • State v. Webb
    • United States
    • Idaho Supreme Court
    • January 20, 1899
    ...So Ho Ge, 1 Wash. 275, 276, 24 P. 442, 443; State v. McCormick, 27 Iowa 402; Fouts v. State, 4 G. Greene (Iowa), 500; Wright v. Territory, 5 Okla. 78, 47 P. 1069; Fouts v. State, 8 Ohio St. 98; Kain v. State, 8 Ohio St. 307; Hagan v. State, 10 Ohio St. 459; Snyder v. State, 59 Ind. 105; Sha......
  • State v. Ward
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Idaho
    • June 21, 1918
    ...not have been given. (People v. Fong Ah Sing, 64 Cal. 253, 28 P. 233; Shoemaker v. Territory, 4 Okla. 118, 43 P. 1059; Wright v. Territory, 5 Okla. 78, 47 P. 1069; McNamara v. People, 24 Colo. 61, 48 P. 541; People v. Roberts, 122 Cal. 377, 55 P. 137; State v. McClellan, 23 Mont. 532, 75 Am......
  • Rhea v. United States
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Oklahoma
    • July 30, 1897
    ...of the subject matter. (Sections 5119, 5126 and 5271 Okla. Stat. 1893; sections 19 and 20, ch. 41, Session Laws 1895; Wright v. Territory, 5 Okla. 78, 47 P. 1069) ¶11 The indictment is clearly good as against the only two objections which defendant could raise thereto for the first time by ......
3 cases
  • State v. Webb
    • United States
    • Idaho Supreme Court
    • January 20, 1899
    ...So Ho Ge, 1 Wash. 275, 276, 24 P. 442, 443; State v. McCormick, 27 Iowa 402; Fouts v. State, 4 G. Greene (Iowa), 500; Wright v. Territory, 5 Okla. 78, 47 P. 1069; Fouts v. State, 8 Ohio St. 98; Kain v. State, 8 Ohio St. 307; Hagan v. State, 10 Ohio St. 459; Snyder v. State, 59 Ind. 105; Sha......
  • State v. Ward
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Idaho
    • June 21, 1918
    ...not have been given. (People v. Fong Ah Sing, 64 Cal. 253, 28 P. 233; Shoemaker v. Territory, 4 Okla. 118, 43 P. 1059; Wright v. Territory, 5 Okla. 78, 47 P. 1069; McNamara v. People, 24 Colo. 61, 48 P. 541; People v. Roberts, 122 Cal. 377, 55 P. 137; State v. McClellan, 23 Mont. 532, 75 Am......
  • Rhea v. United States
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Oklahoma
    • July 30, 1897
    ...of the subject matter. (Sections 5119, 5126 and 5271 Okla. Stat. 1893; sections 19 and 20, ch. 41, Session Laws 1895; Wright v. Territory, 5 Okla. 78, 47 P. 1069) ¶11 The indictment is clearly good as against the only two objections which defendant could raise thereto for the first time by ......

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