Zarillo v. State, No. 33339

CourtNew York Supreme Court Appellate Division
Citation185 N.Y.S.2d 101,8 A.D.2d 651
Decision Date23 April 1959
PartiesGeorge ZARILLO, individually, and as Guardian ad Litem for Margaret Zarillo, an infant, Claimants-Respondents-Appellants, v. STATE of New York, Defendant-Appellant-Respondent. Claim
Docket NumberNo. 33339

Page 101

185 N.Y.S.2d 101
8 A.D.2d 651
George ZARILLO, individually, and as Guardian ad Litem for
Margaret Zarillo, an infant,
Claimants-Respondents-Appellants,
v.
STATE of New York, Defendant-Appellant-Respondent.
Claim No. 33339.
Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department.
April 23, 1959.

Page 102

Irving A. Scheniberg, Brooklyn, for Zarillo.

Louis J. Lefkowitz, Atty. Gen. (Julius L. Sackman, Albany, of counsel).

Before [8 A.D.2d 652] FOSTER, P. J., and BERGAN, COON, GIBSON and REYNOLDS, JJ.

MEMORANDUM DECISION.

[8 A.D.2d 651] Appeal by the State from a judgment of the Court of Claims in favor of claimants. Cross appeals by claimants on the ground of the inadequacy of the awards.

The infant claimant, then four [8 A.D.2d 652] years old, while walking in Valley Stream State Park with other children, and when about 45 feet ahead of her mother and another adult, was injured when struck by a bicycle ridden by an unidentified boy. Immediately before the accident the boy and a companion had mounted their bicycles, which had been resting against a fence, and proceeded down a slope toward the children.

Signs forbidding the riding of bicycles (but not walking with them) were posted at all the park entrances and at various points within the 'south area' of 40 acres where the accident occurred. The prohibition was enforced by park employees as they observed violations. There does not appear to have occurred any previous accident of this nature.

The trial court found the State negligent 'in permitting children to have possession of bicycles in the park and to walk through the park with them.' In our view of the facts, the State was not reasonably required to adopt such a rule of exclusion. Most forms of recreation involve some risk of bodily injury in greater or less degree and legislative safeguards such as were contemplated by the court below must be considered and devised on balance. The weights to be assigned many opposing factors--risk and convenience, for example--must be determined in the exercise of good judgment and of a discretion not lightly to be disturbed. The State argues that a rule forbidding persons with bicycles to walk through this park, some 30 blocks in length, or from one street entrance to another, would curtail the public use and benefit of the park area. However that may be, the record does not support the theory that in the exercise of reasonable care for the safety of persons frequenting the park the State...

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5 practice notes
  • Solomon by Solomon v. City of New York
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals
    • December 26, 1985
    ...753). Bicycle riding on a busy promenade does not rise to the level of "ultrahazardous and criminal" (see, Zarillo v. State of New York, 8 A.D.2d 651, 185 N.Y.S.2d 101, affd. 7 N.Y.2d 943, 198 N.Y.S.2d 314; cf. Benjamin v. City of New York, 64 N.Y.2d 44, 484 N.Y.S.2d 525, 473 N.E.2d 753, su......
  • Zarillo v. State
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals
    • February 25, 1960
    ...of New York, Respondent. Court of Appeals of New York. Feb. 25, 1960. Appeal from the Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department, 8 A.D.2d 651, 185 N.Y.S.2d Father, individually and as guardian ad litem for his infant daughter, filed a claim against the State of New York on behalf ......
  • Zarillo v. State, No. 33339
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals
    • July 8, 1959
    ...(Claim No. 33339) Court of Appeals of New York. July 8, 1959. Appeal from the Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department, 8 A.D.2d 651, 185 N.Y.S.2d Father, individually and as guardian ad litem for his infant daughter, filed a claim against the State of New York on behalf of daugh......
  • Carlelli v. City of New York
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • June 25, 1964
    ...360; Lutzker v. Board of Education, 262 App.Div. 881, 28 N.Y.S.2d 496, aff'd. 287 N.Y. 822, 41 N.E.2d 97; Zarillo v. State of New York, 8 A.D.2d 651, 185 N.Y.S.2d 101, aff'd 7 N.Y.2d 943, 198 N.Y.S.2d 314, 165 N.E.2d...
  • Request a trial to view additional results
5 cases
  • Solomon by Solomon v. City of New York
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals
    • December 26, 1985
    ...753). Bicycle riding on a busy promenade does not rise to the level of "ultrahazardous and criminal" (see, Zarillo v. State of New York, 8 A.D.2d 651, 185 N.Y.S.2d 101, affd. 7 N.Y.2d 943, 198 N.Y.S.2d 314; cf. Benjamin v. City of New York, 64 N.Y.2d 44, 484 N.Y.S.2d 525, 473 N.E.2d 753, su......
  • Zarillo v. State
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals
    • February 25, 1960
    ...of New York, Respondent. Court of Appeals of New York. Feb. 25, 1960. Appeal from the Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department, 8 A.D.2d 651, 185 N.Y.S.2d Father, individually and as guardian ad litem for his infant daughter, filed a claim against the State of New York on behalf ......
  • Zarillo v. State, No. 33339
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals
    • July 8, 1959
    ...(Claim No. 33339) Court of Appeals of New York. July 8, 1959. Appeal from the Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department, 8 A.D.2d 651, 185 N.Y.S.2d Father, individually and as guardian ad litem for his infant daughter, filed a claim against the State of New York on behalf of daugh......
  • Carlelli v. City of New York
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • June 25, 1964
    ...360; Lutzker v. Board of Education, 262 App.Div. 881, 28 N.Y.S.2d 496, aff'd. 287 N.Y. 822, 41 N.E.2d 97; Zarillo v. State of New York, 8 A.D.2d 651, 185 N.Y.S.2d 101, aff'd 7 N.Y.2d 943, 198 N.Y.S.2d 314, 165 N.E.2d...
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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