Zipparo v. Zipparo

CourtNew York Supreme Court Appellate Division
Writing for the CourtBefore LAZER
Citation70 A.D.2d 616,416 N.Y.S.2d 321
PartiesJoseph ZIPPARO, Respondent, v. Britta ZIPPARO, Appellant.
Decision Date14 May 1979

Page 321

416 N.Y.S.2d 321
70 A.D.2d 616
Joseph ZIPPARO, Respondent,
Britta ZIPPARO, Appellant.
Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department.
May 14, 1979.

Page 322

Joseph D. Errico, White Plains (Emanuel Thebner, White Plains, of counsel), for appellant.

Rosenthal & Shays, New York City (Irvin H. Rosenthal, Rona J. Shays and James W. Reiman, New York City, of counsel), for respondent.



In a matrimonial action in which the parties were granted a divorce by reason of their having lived separate and apart pursuant to a written agreement for a period of one or more years, defendant appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Westchester County, dated August 22, 1978, which, after a hearing, Inter alia, denied her application to direct plaintiff to pay arrears in alimony pursuant to the separation agreement.

Order affirmed, without costs or disbursements.

The separation agreement executed by the parties was incorporated, but not merged, into their judgment of divorce. The agreement provided that alimony payments to the wife "shall terminate upon the death or remarriage of the Wife or upon the Wife cohabiting outside the marital relationship and before divorce from the Husband". In a rider to the agreement "cohabiting" was defined as "the regular living together of the Wife with a man for period exceeding six (6) months."

After conducting a hearing the court found that plaintiff had established that his former wife had been cohabiting as defined by the terms of the separation agreement and rider, and, accordingly, held that defendant was no longer entitled to alimony under the agreement.

A cohabitation clause of this sort works a forfeiture of support, much like a fault divorce based on adultery, and therefore the party seeking to enforce such an agreement must establish cohabitation by clear and convincing evidence (cf. George v. George, 34 A.D.2d 888, 313 N.Y.S.2d 85). As measured against this standard of proof, the record fully supports the determination of the trial court. Therefore, the order should be affirmed.

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10 cases
  • Graev v. Graev, 139
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals
    • October 21, 2008
    ...may wish to consider whether to define "cohabitation" to expressly exclude the "economic unit" concept (see generally Zipparo v. Zipparo, 70 A.D.2d 616, 416 N.Y.S.2d 321 [2d Dept. 1979] [defining term to mean "`the regular living together of the Wife with a man for period exceeding six (6) ......
  • Sypek v. Sypek
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New York)
    • January 14, 1986
    ...808, aff'd 66 N.Y.2d 382, 497 N.Y.S.2d 344, 488 N.E.2d 90, 1985; Smith v. Smith, 88 A.D.2d 658, 450 N.Y.S.2d 524; Zipparo v. Zipparo, 70 A.D.2d 616, 416 N.Y.S.2d 321]. Thus, under § 248 there is a double predicate before support may be terminated. The showing requires 1) an habitual living ......
  • Spector v. Spector, 27304
    • United States
    • Nevada Supreme Court of Nevada
    • December 20, 1996
    ...Bisig v. Bisig, 124 N.H. 372, 469 A.2d 1348 (1983); Russell v. Russell, 80 A.D.2d 970, 438 N.Y.S.2d 618 (1981); Zipparo v. Zipparo, 70 A.D.2d 616, 416 N.Y.S.2d 321 (1979); Rehm v. Rehm, 104 N.C.App. 490, 409 S.E.2d 723 (1991); Taylor v. Taylor, 11 Ohio App.3d 279, 465 N.E.2d 476 (1983); In ......
  • Haddow v. Haddow, 18368
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Utah
    • September 30, 1985
    ...245 Ga. 680, 266 S.E.2d 493 (1980) (statutory); In re Clark, 111 Ill.App.3d 960, 444 N.E.2d 1369 (1983) (statutory); Zipparo v. Zipparo, 70 A.D.2d 616, 416 N.Y.S.2d 321 (1979) (nonstatutory); In re Marriage of Vasconellos, 58 Or.App. 390, 648 P.2d 1358 (1982) (nonstatutory), as well as the ......
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