784 F.2d 313 (8th Cir. 1986), 84-2566, Weber v. Block
|Citation:||784 F.2d 313|
|Party Name:||Joe J. WEBER, Appellant, v. John R. BLOCK, Secretary, Department of Agriculture, Appellee.|
|Case Date:||February 18, 1986|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit|
Submitted Nov. 11, 1985.
Roger L. Sherman, Overland Park, Kan., for appellant.
Linda L. Parker, Asst. U.S. Atty., Kansas City, Mo., for appellee.
Before McMILLIAN, Circuit Judge, HENLEY, Senior Circuit Judge, and JOHN R. GIBSON, Circuit Judge.
JOHN R. GIBSON, Circuit Judge.
Joe J. Weber appeals from a judgment of the district court 1 rejecting his claim that the United States Department of Agriculture discriminatorily denied him two job promotions in violation of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, 29 U.S.C. Sec. 631 (1982), and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 2000e-5(f) (1982). The district court found that Weber had established a prima facie case of age discrimination. The court also found that the Department had articulated legitimate, nondiscriminatory reasons for its promotion decisions and that Weber had failed to carry his burden of showing that these reasons were pretextual. Weber urges us in this appeal to overturn these findings as against the weight of the evidence 2 and clearly erroneous. We conclude that the district court's findings are not clearly erroneous and therefore affirm.
Weber was employed by the Department of Agriculture, in its Data Systems Field Office in Kansas City, since November 1961. He was promoted four times, the last to his position at the time of this suit as Offset Press Operator, WB-7. Between 1966 and 1976 Weber received ten citations for his job performance. Among these were cash awards, certificates of merit, and letters of commendation for superior job performance. The quality of Weber's work was rated more than proficient 3 in
performance evaluations covering the period from July 1975 to July 1977.
In 1976, when he was 57 years old, Weber applied for promotion to two positions which had become available in the print shop. The first position, Offset Press Operator Foreman, WS-7, became available in July 1976. The job entailed supervision of approximately 24 mail and press room employees. Everett Asberry, Supervisory Administrative Specialist, rated applicants for the position. This rating determined which applicants would be placed on the list of best-qualified applicants from which the final selection was made. Weber's name was not placed on the list. John Blitgen, a thirty-eight year old applicant, was selected to fill the position.
In August or September 1976 the position of Offset Press Operator Supervisor, WS-4, became available. This position entailed supervision of 5 Offset Press Operators. Again Asberry rated the applicants and Weber's name was not certified to the best-qualified candidates list. Weber talked to Joseph Tresnak, Office Services Manager. Tresnak reevaluated Weber's file and certified him to the list of best-qualified applicants for the WS-4 position. Weber was considered for, and denied the position. Dennis Laube, the applicant selected, was thirty-four years old and then the youngest employee in the press room.
After exhausting the administrative review process, in which his claim was denied at each stage, Weber filed suit in the federal district court. As evidence of age bias against him, Weber presented evidence that Tresnak and Maynard Cox, both members of the selection panel for the WS-4 position, had made specific derogatory remarks regarding his age. He also presented as general evidence of age bias a chart which purportedly showed that, during his tenure as Office Services Manager, Tresnak never promoted an applicant over forty years old where a younger applicant was available.
The district court found that Weber had established a prima facie case of age discrimination in accordance with the standard announced in McDonnell-Douglas Corp. v. Green, 411 U.S. 792, 95 S.Ct. 1817, 36 L.Ed.2d 668 (1973). 4 Weber v. Block, Civ.No. 84-0451-CV-W-1, slip op. at 7 (W.D.Mo. Nov. 8, 1984). The court found, however, that the Department had adduced sufficient evidence to rebut the presumption of discrimination created by Weber's prima facie case. Id. at 8. Finally, the court found that Weber had failed to provide sufficient evidence to show that the legitimate nondiscriminatory criteria by which the Department alleged the promotion decisions were made were pretextual. The court specifically found that Tresnak did not make the derogatory statements attributed to him, Id. at 10, and that the statistical evidence presented was insufficient to prove discriminatory promotion procedures. Id. at 13.
Weber argues on appeal that the district court's findings of fact and conclusions of law are against the weight of the evidence and clearly erroneous.
The standard of review in such cases as this one is well established. The plaintiff always bears the ultimate burden of proving that the employer discriminated against him or her on a prohibited basis. Texas Department of Community Affairs v. Burdine, 450 U.S. 248, 253, 101 S.Ct. 1089, 1093, 67 L.Ed.2d 207 (1981); Craft v. Metromedia, Inc., 766 F.2d 1205, 1211 (8th Cir.1985). Whether an employer engaged in intentional discrimination is a question of fact which may be set aside only if clearly erroneous. Craft, 766 F.2d at 1211; see
Fed.R.Civ.P. 52. We are bound by the Supreme Court's recent construction of the clearly erroneous standard of review. See Anderson v. City of Bessemer City, --- U.S. ----, 105 S.Ct. 1504, 84 L.Ed.2d 518 (1984). Thus, we may not overturn the district court's factual findings merely because we might have concluded differently had we initially decided the issue. A finding is clearly erroneous only when, "even though there is evidence in the record to support it, the reviewing court is left with a definite...
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