Fidelity & Casualty Co. of New York v. Burris, No. 5512

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
Writing for the CourtMARTIN, Justice, and HITZ and GRONER, Associate Justices
Citation61 App. DC 228,59 F.2d 1042
Docket Number5513.,No. 5512
Decision Date20 June 1932
PartiesFIDELITY & CASUALTY CO. OF NEW YORK v. BURRIS. BURRIS v. HOAGE, Deputy Com'r.

61 App. DC 228, 59 F.2d 1042 (1932)

FIDELITY & CASUALTY CO. OF NEW YORK
v.
BURRIS.

BURRIS
v.
HOAGE, Deputy Com'r.

Nos. 5512, 5513.

Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia.

Argued May 31, 1932.

Decided June 20, 1932.


59 F.2d 1043

Gilbert L. Hall, of Washington, D. C., for appellant the Fidelity & Casualty Company of New York.

James J. Slattery, of Washington, D. C., for appellee and cross-appellant Emma Burris.

Before MARTIN, Chief Justice, and HITZ and GRONER, Associate Justices.

GRONER, Associate Justice.

This is a case arising under the Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (Act of March 4, 1927, 44 Stat. 1424, 33 USCA § 901 et seq., made applicable to the District of Columbia by Act of May 17, 1928, 45 Stat. 600 Tit. 19, §§ 11 and 12, D. C. Code 1929, 33 USCA § 901 note). The deputy commissioner denied compensation. The lower court, on a petition for injunction, thought the deputy commissioner's conclusion was wrong and entered an order setting aside the finding. The case is here on appeal and cross-appeal.

The question we have to decide is this: Does an employee who suffers a heat stroke while at work in the open sustain an injury which arises out of his employment within the meaning of section 902(2) and 902(11) of title 33, USCA? On behalf of the insurance carrier, it is contended that the cause of the injury was the abnormal heat to which the general public were subjected and not to any special hazard due to increased heat resulting from the occupation in which the employee was engaged at the time of the injury. The facts are these:

The employee was at work with other laborers in the open air on Harvard street, in Washington, and was engaged in taking up the old curbing and gutter and replacing it with new curbing and gutter. At the time of the sunstroke he was loading broken pieces of old curbing on a truck with a shovel. The day was very hot. The temperature at 8 o'clock in the morning was 79 degrees Fahrenheit and at 11 o'clock 92 degrees in the shade. Where the employee was at work there was little or no shade. About 11 o'clock employee started toward a water barrel and on his way collapsed. He was taken to a hospital and died there that evening from heat prostration or sunstroke.

His widow filed application for compensation with the commission, and, after hearing, the deputy commissioner rejected the application on the ground that it was not proven that the heat stroke from which decedent died arose out of and in the course of the employment. The basis of the finding was that the employee was not exposed to a hazard beyond that to which the general public was subjected. The lower court, on the other hand, held that, notwithstanding the public was subjected to the same atmospheric conditions, the death arose both out of and in the course of employment, because the general public was not subjected to the arduous character of work in which decedent was at the time engaged.

It is first insisted that both the lower court and ourselves are bound by the findings of fact...

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20 practice notes
  • South Chicago Coal & Dock Co. v. Bassett, No. 6808.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (7th Circuit)
    • June 6, 1939
    ...v. Monahan, D.C., 21 F.Supp. 535; Bay Ridge Operating Co. v. Lowe, D.C., 14 F.Supp. 280; Fidelity & C. Co. v. Burris, 61 App.D.C. 228; 59 F.2d 1042. 4 Crowell v. Benson, 285 U.S. 22, 52 S. Ct. 285, 291, 76 L.Ed. 598. "The object is to secure within the prescribed limits of the empl......
  • Hartford Accident & Indemnity Co. v. Cardillo, No. 7490.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • March 11, 1940
    ...in this case. 2 33 U.S.C. § 920(a), 33 U.S.C.A. § 920(a). 3 Fidelity & Casualty Co. of N. Y. v. Burris, 1932, 61 App.D.C. 228, 230, 59 F.2d 1042, 4 Ibid. 5 Ibid. 6 Cf. 61 App.D.C. 306, 62 F.2d 469. 7 Ibid. 8 66 App.D.C. 160, 85 F.2d 418. 9 69 App.D.C. 201, 99 F.2d 434. 10 Bandassi v. Mo......
  • Raley v. Life and Casualty Insurance Co. of Tenn., No. 1671.
    • United States
    • District of Columbia Court of Appeals of Columbia District
    • October 6, 1955
    ...cases in which the same general views have been expressed. Fidelity & Casualty Co. of New York v. Burris, 1932, 61 App.D.C. 228, 59 F.2d 1042; Townsend & Freeman Co. v. Taggart, 1924, 81 Ind.App. 610, 144 N.E. 556; State ex rel. Rau v. District Court, 1917, 138 Minn. 250, 164 N.W. 9......
  • Greenwich Collieries v. Director, Office of Workers' Compensation Programs, No. 92-3270
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Third Circuit
    • March 23, 1993
    ...civil suits. Id. Avondale Shipyards, Inc. v. Kennel, 914 F.2d 88, 90-91 (5th Cir.1990); see also Fidelity & Casualty Co. v. Burris, 59 F.2d 1042, 1044 (D.C.Cir.1932) ("Where there is doubt, it should be resolved in favor of the injured employee or his dependent family."); Pars......
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20 cases
  • South Chicago Coal & Dock Co. v. Bassett, No. 6808.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (7th Circuit)
    • June 6, 1939
    ...v. Monahan, D.C., 21 F.Supp. 535; Bay Ridge Operating Co. v. Lowe, D.C., 14 F.Supp. 280; Fidelity & C. Co. v. Burris, 61 App.D.C. 228; 59 F.2d 1042. 4 Crowell v. Benson, 285 U.S. 22, 52 S. Ct. 285, 291, 76 L.Ed. 598. "The object is to secure within the prescribed limits of the employer's li......
  • Hartford Accident & Indemnity Co. v. Cardillo, No. 7490.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • March 11, 1940
    ...in this case. 2 33 U.S.C. § 920(a), 33 U.S.C.A. § 920(a). 3 Fidelity & Casualty Co. of N. Y. v. Burris, 1932, 61 App.D.C. 228, 230, 59 F.2d 1042, 4 Ibid. 5 Ibid. 6 Cf. 61 App.D.C. 306, 62 F.2d 469. 7 Ibid. 8 66 App.D.C. 160, 85 F.2d 418. 9 69 App.D.C. 201, 99 F.2d 434. 10 Bandassi v. Molla,......
  • Raley v. Life and Casualty Insurance Co. of Tenn., No. 1671.
    • United States
    • District of Columbia Court of Appeals of Columbia District
    • October 6, 1955
    ...cases in which the same general views have been expressed. Fidelity & Casualty Co. of New York v. Burris, 1932, 61 App.D.C. 228, 59 F.2d 1042; Townsend & Freeman Co. v. Taggart, 1924, 81 Ind.App. 610, 144 N.E. 556; State ex rel. Rau v. District Court, 1917, 138 Minn. 250, 164 N.W. 916, L.R.......
  • Greenwich Collieries v. Director, Office of Workers' Compensation Programs, No. 92-3270
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Third Circuit
    • March 23, 1993
    ...most civil suits. Id. Avondale Shipyards, Inc. v. Kennel, 914 F.2d 88, 90-91 (5th Cir.1990); see also Fidelity & Casualty Co. v. Burris, 59 F.2d 1042, 1044 (D.C.Cir.1932) ("Where there is doubt, it should be resolved in favor of the injured employee or his dependent family."); Parsons Corp.......
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