Agnew v. Parks

Decision Date07 November 1958
Citation164 Cal.App.2d 837,331 P.2d 184
PartiesFrances AGNEW, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. Floyd Roswell PARKS et al., Defendants, Floyd Roswell Parks, Edwin Larson, John C. Wilson, Paul E. McMaster, Harold B. Pool, Lutheran Hospital Society of Southern California, a non-profit corporation, Adeline Jones, and Los Angeles County Medical Association, a California corporation, Respondents. Civ. 22828.
CourtCalifornia Court of Appeals Court of Appeals

Montgomery G. Rice, Los Angeles, for appellant.

Farrand, Fisher & Farrand, Los Angeles, for respondent Wilson.

FOURT, Justice.

This is a motion for dismissal of an appeal with prejudice as to John C. Wilson, defendant and respondent, on the ground that any purported claim or cause of action upon which appellant might seek recovery against said deceased defendant and respondent or his estate has been barred by appellant's failure to comply with the provisions of Probate Code, section 709; or, in the alternative, for an abatement of proceedings as to said defendant and respondent.

Probate Code, section 709 provides as follows: 'If an action is pending against the decedent at the time of his death, the plaintiff must in like manner file his claim with the clerk or present it to the executor or administrator for allowance or rejection, authenticated as required in other cases; and no recovery shall be had in the action unless proof is made of such filing or presentation.' (Emphasis added.)

It is also contended that plaintiff's claim alleged an 'injury to property' within the meaning of Probate Code, section 707, which provides as follows: 'All claims arising upon contract, whether they are due, not due, or contingent, and all claims for funeral expenses and all claims for damages for physical injuries or death or injury to property or actions provided for in Section 574 of this code, must be filed or presented within the time limited in the notice or as extended by the provisions of Section 702 of this code; and any claim not so filed or presented is barred forever, unless it is made to appear by the affidavit of the claimant to the satisfaction of the court or a judge thereof that the claimant had not received notice, by reason of being out of the State, in which event it may be filed or presented at any time before a decree of distribution is rendered. The clerk must enter in the register every claim filed, giving the name of the claimant, the amount and character of the claim, the rate of interest, if any, and the date of the filing.'

The provisions of Probate Code, section 702 are as follows: 'An affidavit showing due publication of the notice must be filed with the clerk within 30 days after the completion of the publication. The affidavit shall contain a copy of the notice and shall state the date of its first publication. Final distribution shall not be decreed unless it is shown that notice to creditors has been duly given. If the affidavit is not filed until after such 30-day period, the time to file or present claims shall be extended for a period equal to the period of default in such filing, but not to exceed six months from the date of such filing.'

A partial chronology of pertinent dates in the case before us is as follows:

April 20, 1953--the fifth amended complaint was filed;

April 11, 1953--minute order was entered sustaining demurrer to first cause of action without leave to amend and overruling demurrer to second cause of action;

September 4, 1953--answer of defendant John C Wilson to second cause of action was filed, to which a supplemental defense was subsequently filed;

July 6, 1956--motion of defendant John C. Wilson for a nonsuit was granted;

August 30, 1956--plaintiff filed her notice of appeal;

January 9, 1957--John C. Wilson died testate;

February 1, 1957--last will of John C. Wilson was admitted to probate;

February 6, 1957--letters testamentary were issued in estate of John C. Wilson;

February 8, 1957--first publication of notice to creditors was made;

March 1, 1957--affidavit showing due publication of notice was filed (within 30 days after completion of the publication);

August 21, 1958--appellant's opening brief was filed;

August 28, 1958--this motion for dismissal was filed;

September 11, 1958--written stipulation was entered into extending the time of the executor of the estate of John C. Wilson for filing a reply brief for thirty days beyond the period prescribed in the Rules.

This action clearly was and is pending within the meaning of that term as defined in Code of Civil Procedure, section 1049, which provides: 'Actions, When Deemed Pending. An action is deemed to be pending from the time of its commencement until its final determination upon appeal, or until the time for appeal has passed, unless the judgment is sooner satisfied.'

Appellant failed to authenticate and file or present her claim in the prescribed manner, a requirement which cannot be waived. Hurlimann v. Bank of America, 141 Cal.App.2d 801, 806, 297 P.2d 682. The time within which to do so has now elapsed, and appellant's right to recovery in this action has been foreclosed by reason of appellant's non-compliance with this statutory procedure.

Counsel have presented no authority squarely deciding whether such a claim as that before us constitutes an 'injury to property' within the meaning of Probate Code, section 707, and accordingly has been forever barred by reason of appellant's failure to make a timely presentation of her claim. In Hunt v. Authier, 28 Cal.2d 288, 169 P.2d 913, 171 A.L.R. 1379, an action for wrongful death was declared to constitute an 'injury to property' within the meaning of Probate Code, section 574, the court stating (28 Cal.2d at page 296, 169 P.2d at page 918), 'It follows that wherever a plaintiff has sustained an injury to his 'estate,' whether in being or expectant, as...

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5 cases
  • Agnew v. Parks
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • August 10, 1959
    ...433, 286 P.2d 556) and now final. The appeal as to John C. Wilson, now deceased, has heretofore been dismissed. Agnew v. Parks, 164 Cal.App.2d 837, 331 P.2d 184. The complaint contained two causes of action--demurrers to the first were sustained without leave to amend; to the second, demurr......
  • Sullivan v. Delta Air Lines, Inc.
    • United States
    • California Supreme Court
    • May 5, 1997
    ...death" (Prob.Code, § 9370, subd. (a)) for purposes of continuing the action against his personal representative (Agnew v. Parks (1958) 164 Cal.App.2d 837, 839, 331 P.2d 184); and (7) when a federal bankruptcy action is pending so as to bar state court jurisdiction over the claim (Security-F......
  • Billups v. Tiernan
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • September 21, 1970
    ...the authentication and filing or presentation of the claim in the manner prescribed by section 709 cannot be waived (Agnew v. Parks, 164 Cal.App.2d 837, 331 P.2d 184). Here, no showing was made below that the minor's cause of action against Frank's estate and his heirs falls within either o......
  • Wood v. Brown
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • May 17, 1974
    ...for allowance or rejection, the claim upon which the action is based. The statutory requirement cannot be waived. (Agnew v. Parks, 164 Cal.App.2d 837, 839, 331 P.2d 184 (1958).) Plaintiff contends that filing or presentation of a formal creditor's claim, as described in Prob.Code § 705, 4 w......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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