American Federation of Labor and Congress of Indus. Organizations v. Occupational Safety and Health Admin., U.S. Dept. of Labor, Nos. 89-7185

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (11th Circuit)
Writing for the CourtBefore FAY and COX, Circuit Judges, and JOHNSON; FAY
Citation965 F.2d 962
Parties, 22 Envtl. L. Rep. 21,229, 15 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 1729, 1992 O.S.H.D. (CCH) P 29,735 AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR AND CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATIONS, Petitioner, Interstate Natural Gas Association of America, Intervenors, v. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT Of LABOR, Respondent, Texas Laundry and Drycleaning Association, National Grain and Feed Association, National Industrial Sand Association, National Stone Association, Polyurethane Manufacturers Association, the Society of the Plastics Industry, Scientific Apparatus Makers Association, Thermal Insulation Manufacturers Association, Inc., United States Gypsum Company, USG Interiors, Inc., DAP, Inc., American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers Association, American Gas Association, American Iron & Steel Institute, American Mining Congress, American Paper Institute, Inc., National Forest Products Association, Inc., Brush Wellman, Inc., NGK Metals Corporation, the Chlorine Institute, Inc., Corn Refiners Association, Inc., Courtaulds Fibers, Inc., Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance, Inco United States, Inc., Inco Ltd., Inter-Industry Committee on Carbon Disulfide, Inter-Industry Wood Dust Coordinating Committee, International Fabricare Institute, Furniture Workers Division, I.U.E., Local 800 Intervenors. AMERICAN IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE, Petitioner, Corn Refiners Association, Inc., Archer Daniels' Midland Company, A.E. Staley Manufacturing Company, National Grain & Feed Association, Inc., International Fabricare Institute, Texas Laundry and Drycleaning Association, United States Gypsum Company, USG Interiors, Inc., DAP, Inc., Intervenors, v. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Respondent, American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers Association, American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, Intervenors. CORN REFINERS ASSOCIATION, INCORPORATED, Archer Daniels' Midland Company, and A.E.
Decision Date07 July 1992
Docket Number89-7249,89-7217,89-7253,89-7274,89-7355 and 89-7430,89-7256,89-7248,89-7186,Nos. 89-7185

Page 962

965 F.2d 962
61 USLW 2042, 22 Envtl. L. Rep. 21,229,
15 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 1729,
1992 O.S.H.D. (CCH) P 29,735
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR AND CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL
ORGANIZATIONS, Petitioner,
Interstate Natural Gas Association of America, Intervenors,
v.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT Of LABOR, Respondent,
Texas Laundry and Drycleaning Association, National Grain
and Feed Association, National Industrial Sand Association,
National Stone Association, Polyurethane Manufacturers
Association, the Society of the Plastics Industry,
Scientific Apparatus Makers Association, Thermal Insulation
Manufacturers Association, Inc., United States Gypsum
Company, USG Interiors, Inc., DAP, Inc., American Petroleum
Institute, Chemical Manufacturers Association, American Gas
Association, American Iron & Steel Institute, American
Mining Congress, American Paper Institute, Inc., National
Forest Products Association, Inc., Brush Wellman, Inc., NGK
Metals Corporation, the Chlorine Institute, Inc., Corn
Refiners Association, Inc., Courtaulds Fibers, Inc.,
Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance, Inco United States,
Inc., Inco Ltd., Inter-Industry Committee on Carbon
Disulfide, Inter-Industry Wood Dust Coordinating Committee,
International Fabricare Institute, Furniture Workers
Division, I.U.E., Local 800 Intervenors.
AMERICAN IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE, Petitioner,
Corn Refiners Association, Inc., Archer Daniels' Midland
Company, A.E. Staley Manufacturing Company, National Grain &
Feed Association, Inc., International Fabricare Institute,
Texas Laundry and Drycleaning Association, United States
Gypsum Company, USG Interiors, Inc., DAP, Inc., Intervenors,
v.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Respondent,
American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers
Association, American Federation of Labor and
Congress of Industrial Organizations,
Intervenors.
CORN REFINERS ASSOCIATION, INCORPORATED, Archer Daniels'
Midland Company, and A.E. Staley Manufacturing
Company, Petitioners,
American Iron and Steel Institute, National Grain & Feed
Association, Inc., International Fabricare
Institute, Texas Laundry and Drycleaning
Association, the Fertilizer
Institute, Intervenors,
v.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Respondent,
American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers
Association, American Federation of Labor and
Congress of Industrial Organizations,
Intervenors.
INTERSTATE NATURAL GAS ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA, Petitioner,
American Iron and Steel Institute, Corn Refiners
Association, Inc., Archer Daniels' Midland Company, A.E.
Staley Manufacturing Company, National Grain & Feed
Association, Inc., International Fabricare Institute, Texas
Laundry and Drycleaning Association, American Gas
Association, Intervenors,
v.
Elizabeth Hanford DOLE, Secretary of Labor, and United
States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety
and Health Administration, Respondents,
American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers
Association, American Federation of Labor and
Congress of Industrial Organizations,
Intervenors.
The SOCIETY OF THE PLASTICS INDUSTRY, INC., Petitioner,
American Iron and Steel Institute, Corn Refiners
Association, Inc., Archer Daniels' Midland Company, A.E.
Staley Manufacturing Company, National Grain & Feed
Association, Inc., International Fabricare Institute, Texas
Laundry and Drycleaning Association, Intervenors,
v.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Respondent,
American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers
Association, American Federation of Labor and
Congress of Industrial Organizations,
Intervenors.
AMERICAN MINING CONGRESS and the Coastal Corporation, Petitioners,
American Iron and Steel Institute, Corn Refiners
Association, Inc., Archer Daniels' Midland Company, A.E.
Staley Manufacturing Company, National Grain & Feed
Association, Inc., International Fabricare Institute, Texas
Laundry and Drycleaning Association, Interstate Natural Gas
Association of America, American Gas Association, Intervenors,
v.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Respondent,
American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers
Association, American Federation of Labor and
Congress of Industrial Organizations,
Intervenors.
AMERICAN GAS ASSOCIATION, Petitioner,
American Iron and Steel Institute, National Grain & Feed
Association, Inc., International Fabricare Institute, Texas
Laundry and Drycleaning Association, International Natural
Gas Association of America, Intervenors,
v.
SECRETARY OF LABOR, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, and
Occupational Safety and Health Administration,
United States Department of Labor, Respondents,
American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers
Association, Intervenors.
INCO UNITED STATES, INC. and Inco Ltd., Petitioners,
American Iron and Steel Institute, Corn Refiners
Association, Inc., Archer Daniels' Midland Company, A.E.
Staley Manufacturing Company, National Grain & Feed
Association, Inc., International Fabricare Institute, Texas
Laundry and Drycleaning Association, Intervenors,
v.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Respondent,
American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers
Association, American Federation of Labor and
Congress of Industrial Organizations,
Intervenors.
INTERNATIONAL FABRICARE INSTITUTE, for Itself and on Behalf
of Its Members, Petitioner,
American Iron and Steel Institute, Corn Refiners
Association, Inc., Archer Daniels' Midland
Company, A.E. Staley Manufacturing
Company, National Grain & Feed
Association, Inc., Intervenors,
v.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Respondent,
Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance, American Petroleum
Institute, Chemical Manufacturers Association,
American Federation of Labor and
Congress of Industrial
Organizations, Intervenors.
CATERPILLAR, INC., Petitioner,
American Iron and Steel Institute, Corn Refiners
Association, Inc., Archer Daniels' Midland Company, A.E.
Staley Manufacturing Company, National Grain & Feed
Association, Inc., International Fabricare Institute, Texas
Laundry and Drycleaning Association, Intervenors,
v.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Respondent,
American Petroleum Institute, Chemical Manufacturers
Association, American Federation of Labor and
Congress of Industrial Organizations, Intervenors.
Nos. 89-7185, 89-7186, 89-7217, 89-7248, 89-7249, 89-7253,
89-7256, 89-7274, 89-7355 and 89-7430.
United States Court of Appeals,
Eleventh Circuit.
July 7, 1992.

Page 967

George H. Cohen, John Rothchild, John M. West, Jeremiah A. Collins, Bredhoff & Kaiser, Laurence Gold, Washington, D.C., for petitioner in No. 89-7185.

Ann Rosenthal, U.S. Dept. of Labor, Washington, D.C., for respondent in No. 89-7185.

G. William Frick, Valerie J. Ughetta, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, D.C., for American Petroleum Institute.

Norman W. Bernstein, Arant, Fox, Kintner, Plotkin & Kahn, Washington, D.C., for U.S. Gypsum Co., et al.

Neil J. King, Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, Washington, D.C., for Chemical Mfrs. Ass'n, Inco U.S., Inc., Inco Ltd., and intervenors in Nos. 89-7217, 89-7248 and 89-7249.

W. Caffey Norman, III, Heron, Burchette, Ruckert & Rothwell, Washington, D.C., for Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance (HSIA).

Katherine L. Rhyne, King & Spalding, Washington, D.C., for Inter-Industry Wood Dust Coordinating Committee (IIWDCC) and Caterpillar, Inc.

Michael, Best & Friedrich, Madison, Wis., for Polyurethane Mfrs. Ass'n.

James L. Matte, Timothy W. Johnson, John R. Crenshaw, Atlanta, Ga., for Furniture Workers Div., I.U.E., Local # 800.

Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft, Washington, D.C., Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft, New York City, for Thermal Insulation Mfrs. Ass'n, Inc. (TIMA).

Richard E. Schwartz, Nancy S. Bryson, Bartow Michael Hodge, Washington, D.C., for petitioner in No. 89-7186.

Charles I. Hadden, Nathaniel I. Spiller, Allen H. Feldman, Steven J. Mandel, Bette J. Briggs, Cynthia L. Attwood, Charles F. James, Charles P. Gordon, Ann Rosenthal, U.S. Dept. of Labor, Washington, D.C., for respondents in Nos. 89-7186, 89-7217, 89-7248, 89-7249, 89-7253, 89-7256, 89-7274, 89-7355 and 89-7430.

Neil Jay King, Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, Washington, D.C., for Chemical Mfg. "CMA".

Norman W. Bernstein, Arant, Fox, Kintner, Plotkin & Kahn, Washington, D.C., for intervenors in 89-7186.

Clausen Ely, Jr., Michael G. Michaelson, Covington & Burling, Washington, D.C., for petitioners in No. 89-7217.

John H. Cheatham, III, Jean E. Sonneman, Harold L. Talisman, Michael J. Thompson, Wright & Talisman, Washington, D.C., for petitioner in No. 89-7248.

Jerome H. Heckman, Peter L. de la Cruz, Mark A. Sievers, Kellerman and Heckman, Washington, D.C., for petitioner in No. 89-7249.

Timothy M. Biddle, Thomas C. Means, R. Timothy McCrum, Crowell & Moring, Washington, D.C., for American Min. Congress.

G. Mark Cook, Washington, D.C., for The Coastal Corp.

Miriam Swydan Pedersen, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary, American Gas Ass'n, Arlington, Va., for petitioner in No. 89-7256.

Wolf, Block, Schorr & Solis-Cohen, Duane A. Siler, Timothy A. Vanderver, Jr., Paul A.J. Wilson, David J. Farber, Patton, Boggs & Blow, Washington, D.C., for Intern. Fabricare.

Foster De Reitzes, W. Caffey Norman, Heron, Burchette, Ruckert & Rothwell, Washington, D.C., for Intervenor Halogenated Solvents.

Petitions for Review of an Order of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Before FAY and COX, Circuit Judges, and JOHNSON, Senior Circuit Judge.

Page 968

FAY, Circuit Judge:

In 1989, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA"), 1 a division of the Department of Labor, issued its Air Contaminants Standard, a set of permissible exposure limits for 428...

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33 practice notes
  • Florida v. Becerra, CASE NO. 8:21-cv-839-SDM-AAS
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Florida
    • 18 Junio 2021
    ...public health and safety. Am. Fed'n of Lab. & Cong. of Indus. Organizations v. Occupational Safety & Health Admin., U.S. Dep't of Lab., 965 F.2d 962, 976 (11th Cir. 1992) ("Mere conclusory statements, such as those made throughout the Air Contaminants Standard, are simply inadequate to supp......
  • Rios v. WASH. DEPT. OF LABOR AND INDUSTRIES, No. 70294-2.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Washington
    • 7 Febrero 2002
    ...capable of economic and technological accomplishment." ATMI, 452 U.S. at 514, 101 S.Ct. 2478 (emphasis added); see also AFL CIO v. OSHA, 965 F.2d 962, 980 (11th Cir.1992) (stating that "[t]he Supreme Court has defined `feasibility' as `"capable of being done, executed, or effected,"` ... bo......
  • Correll v. Sec'y, Dep't of Corr., Case No. 8:90-cv-315-T-23MAP
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Florida
    • 19 Marzo 2013
    ...non-statutory mitigation evidence nor refused to consider the non-statutory mitigationPage 70evidence that was presented. As Atkins, 965 F.2d at 962 (emphasis original), explains, the trial judge committed no error:Although Atkins argues that the trial judge did not consider nonstatutory fa......
  • Pittman v. Sec'y, Case No. 8:12-cv-1600-T-17EAJ
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Florida
    • 20 Febrero 2015
    ...Morris now urges us to recognize. See Harris, 513 U.S. at 512, 115 S.Ct. 1031; Blystone, 494 U.S. at 307-08, 110 S.Ct. 1078; Atkins, 965 F.2d at 962. Accordingly, the Florida Supreme Court's decision denying relief on this claim was not contrary to or an unreasonable application of clearly ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
30 cases
  • Florida v. Becerra, CASE NO. 8:21-cv-839-SDM-AAS
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Florida
    • 18 Junio 2021
    ...public health and safety. Am. Fed'n of Lab. & Cong. of Indus. Organizations v. Occupational Safety & Health Admin., U.S. Dep't of Lab., 965 F.2d 962, 976 (11th Cir. 1992) ("Mere conclusory statements, such as those made throughout the Air Contaminants Standard, are simply inadequate to supp......
  • Rios v. WASH. DEPT. OF LABOR AND INDUSTRIES, No. 70294-2.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Washington
    • 7 Febrero 2002
    ...capable of economic and technological accomplishment." ATMI, 452 U.S. at 514, 101 S.Ct. 2478 (emphasis added); see also AFL CIO v. OSHA, 965 F.2d 962, 980 (11th Cir.1992) (stating that "[t]he Supreme Court has defined `feasibility' as `"capable of being done, executed, or effected,"` ... bo......
  • Correll v. Sec'y, Dep't of Corr., Case No. 8:90-cv-315-T-23MAP
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Florida
    • 19 Marzo 2013
    ...non-statutory mitigation evidence nor refused to consider the non-statutory mitigationPage 70evidence that was presented. As Atkins, 965 F.2d at 962 (emphasis original), explains, the trial judge committed no error:Although Atkins argues that the trial judge did not consider nonstatutory fa......
  • Pittman v. Sec'y, Case No. 8:12-cv-1600-T-17EAJ
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Florida
    • 20 Febrero 2015
    ...Morris now urges us to recognize. See Harris, 513 U.S. at 512, 115 S.Ct. 1031; Blystone, 494 U.S. at 307-08, 110 S.Ct. 1078; Atkins, 965 F.2d at 962. Accordingly, the Florida Supreme Court's decision denying relief on this claim was not contrary to or an unreasonable application of clearly ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
1 books & journal articles
  • A 'Cost-Benefit State'? Reports of Its Birth Have Been Greatly Exaggerated
    • United States
    • Environmental Law Reporter Nbr. 46-11, November 2016
    • 1 Noviembre 2016
    ...the industries are generally capable of adopting.” American Fed’n of Labor-Cong. of Indus. Orgs. v. Occupational Safety & Health Admin., 965 F.2d 962, 980, 22 ELR 21229 (11th Cir. 1992). 56. American Textile , 452 U.S. at 508-09. ble to ‘consider’ costs without engaging in [weighing costs a......

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