Barnes v. Anchor Temple Ass'n

Decision Date14 January 1963
Docket NumberNo. 49111,No. 1,49111,1
Citation369 S.W.2d 192
PartiesPercival C. BARNES, Jr., and Dorothea N, Barnes, Plaintiffs-Respondents, v. ANCHOR TEMPLE ASSOCIATION, Defendant-Appellant
CourtMissouri Supreme Court

Harry C. Avery, Ralph V. Wilson, St. Louis, for appellant.

No appearance for respondent.

John J. Morris, City Counselor, University City, for University City, amicus curiae.

HOLMAN, Commissioner.

Defendant has appealed from the judgment of the trial court by which it was 'enjoined and restrained from using Lot 20, Block 5 of University Heights Subdivision No. 1, University City, State of Missouri, as a parking area for automobiles.' The said injunction was based upon a finding that 'the use of said lot for the parking of automobiles is in violation of the Declaration of Trust and Agreement dated January 19, 1905,' which contained certain restrictive covenants relating to the use that could be made of the lots located in University Heights Subdivision.

Defendant's Masonic temple is located on Delmar Boulevard which, at that point, is a very heavily traveled thoroughfare in University City. During the spring of 1961 defendant began the construction of a parking lot on Lot 20 which is situated just west of its temple. The parking lot was intended for the use of the members and guests of defendant. Plaintiffs owned and occupied the residential property that adjoined Lot 20 on the west. All of the property mentioned in this paragraph is located in University Heights Subdivision.

Shortly after plaintiffs learned that defendant intended to construct the parking lot they filed their petition in this action, wherein they alleged that the construction and use of Lot 20 for that purpose would violate the following restriction applicable to University Heights Subdivision, to wit: 'No building other than a private dwelling house, and the stable and outbuildings appurtenant thereto, shall be erected on any of said lots, nor shall any lot or part thereof be used or occupied for any but private residence purposes * * *.'

The primary contention of defendant in the trial court (and here) was that the proposed use of Lot 20 should not be restrained because (1) the quoted restrictions do not prohibit the use of the lot for a parking lot; (2) that in any event the word 'stable' as used in 1905 should be construed to mean the same as 'garage' or 'parking area' today; (3) that by reason of lapse of time and changed conditions, the restrictions had ceased to be effective and enforceable. Another point mentioned for the first time in the motion for new trial and briefed here will be referred to hereinafter.

We must first consider the question of our appellate jurisdiction. See Art. V, Sec. 3, Constitution of Missouri, 1945, V.A.M.S., and Sec. 477.040 RSMo 1959, V.A.M.S. In its jurisdictional statement defendant says we have jurisdiction because 'Title to real estate is involved, the amount in controversy is over $15,000, and a constitutional question regarding the public welfare is involved.' For reasons hereinafter stated we have concluded that we do not have jurisdiction of this appeal.

We have heretofore held that in an injunction suit of this nature title to real estate is not involved in the constitutional sense. Rombauer v. Compton Heights Christian Church, 328 Mo. 1, 40 S.W.2d 545. Also, the testimony in this case does not support the suggestion that more than $15,000 is in dispute. Since plaintiffs did not seek a money judgment the applicable rule is that the "amount in dispute must be determined by the value in money of the relief to the plaintiff, or of the loss to the defendant, should the relief be granted, or vice versa, should the relief be denied." Long v. Norwood Hills Corporation, Mo.Sup., 360 S.W.2d 593, 596. While plaintiffs alleged that their property 'would be depreciated in value if said parking lot is constructed and maintained on said premises and if said premises are used or occupied for parking lot purposes,' there was no evidence as to the amount they would be damaged in the event of such use. There is also no evidence as to the amount, if any, defendant would be damaged as a result of a judgment prohibiting the use of he lot as a parking area. It is therefore apparent that we do not have jurisdiction because of the amount in dispute.

In order to preserve a constitutional question for review there must be a compliance with the following requirements: '* * * the question must be raised at the first available...

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9 cases
  • Eilers v. Alewel
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • September 13, 1965
    ...suit of this nature title to real estate is not involved in the constitutional (jurisdictional) sense.' Barnes v. Anchor Temple Association, Mo., 369 S.W.2d 192, 193. On the other hand, as the respondents point out, if the cause ever involved the construction of a constitution or any proble......
  • Campbell v. Stout
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • November 4, 1966 dispute for jurisdictional purposes. Dunbar v. Board of Zoning Adjustment, Mo., 380 S.W.2d 442, 445 (2,3); Barnes v. Anchor Temple Ass'n., Mo., 369 S.W.2d 192, 193-194 (1-3); Long v. Norwood Hills Corp., Mo., 360 S.W.2d 593, 596-597. The plaintiffs' single allegation or statement concern......
  • St. Louis County v. McClune
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • December 6, 1988 raised at the first available opportunity in order to be preserved in both civil and criminal cases. See Barnes v. Anchor Temple Association, 369 S.W.2d 192, 194 (Mo.1963) (civil action to enjoin use of lot as parking area for automobiles); and State v. Worsham, 732 S.W.2d 209, 211 (Mo.A......
  • City of Florissant v. Rouillard
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • June 11, 1973
    ...issue must specify for the benefit of the trial court the constitutional provisions which he invokes. Barnes v. Anchor Temple Association, 369 S.W.2d 192 (Mo.1963); City of St. Louis v. Butler Co., 358 Mo. 1221, 219 S.W.2d 372, 376(5, 6) (banc 1949); Robinson v. Nick, 345 Mo. 305, 134 S.W.2......
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