Bernal v. State, 1D07-6292.

CourtCourt of Appeal of Florida (US)
Writing for the CourtPer Curiam
Citation9 So.3d 748
PartiesJesus Rangel BERNAL, Appellant, v. STATE of Florida, Appellee.
Docket NumberNo. 1D07-6292.,1D07-6292.
Decision Date07 May 2009
9 So.3d 748
Jesus Rangel BERNAL, Appellant,
STATE of Florida, Appellee.
No. 1D07-6292.
District Court of Appeal of Florida, First District.
May 7, 2009.

An appeal from the Circuit Court for Walton County. Kelvin C. Wells, Judge.

Nancy A. Daniels, Public Defender, and Joel Arnold, Assistant Public Defender, Tallahassee, for Appellant, and Jesus Rangel Bernal, pro se, Appellant.

Bill McCollum, Attorney General, Tallahassee, for Appellee.



DAVIS and PADOVANO, JJ., concur; BENTON, J., concurs with opinion.

BENTON, J., concurring.

This case presents at least an arguable issue about whether appellant's resentencing comported with the prohibitions against double jeopardy. See Fasenmyer v. State, 457 So.2d 1361, 1365-66 (Fla.1984) (citing North Carolina v. Pearce, 395 U.S. 711, 89 S.Ct. 2072, 23 L.Ed.2d 656 (1969); Troupe v. Rowe, 283 So.2d 857 (Fla.1973)). But this is another case in which "the absence of any objection at the time of sentencing, followed by the failure to file a motion to correct sentencing error under Florida Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.800(b) before the initial brief was filed, precludes correction even of `fundamental' sentencing errors on direct appeal." Starkes v. State, ___ So.3d ___, ___, 2009 WL 981327, 34 Fla. L. Weekly D749, D749 (Fla. 1st DCA April 14, 2009) (Benton, J., concurring). See Colon v. State, 869 So.2d 1290, 1290 (Fla. 4th DCA 2004) (affirming convictions and sentences because "unpreserved sentencing error cannot be corrected in an Anders [v. California, 386 U.S. 738, 87 S.Ct. 1396, 18 L.Ed.2d 493 (1967)] case").

Today's affirmance is, however, without prejudice to appellant's right to seek relief collaterally, see Wilson v. State, 898 So.2d 191, 193 (Fla. 1st DCA 2005); Colon, 869 So.2d at 1290, although he may not have the right to be assisted by counsel in doing so. Cf. Douglas v. California, 372 U.S. 353, 83 S.Ct. 814, 9 L.Ed.2d 811 (1963) (establishing an indigent defendant's right to court-appointed counsel on direct appeal). Compare Florence v. State, 754 So.2d 175, 176 (Fla. 1st DCA 2000), with Toliver v. State, 737 So.2d 1142, 1143-44 (Fla. 1st DCA 1999). See also Hicks v. State, 1 So.3d 1233, 1234 (Fla. 1st DCA 2009) (holding "that petitioner's appellate counsel was ineffective for failing to raise these issues on appeal and preserve them by filing a rule 3.800(b) motion").

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2 cases
  • Bernal v. State , 1D11–3018.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • December 30, 2011
    ...1114] Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738, 87 S.Ct. 1396, 18 L.Ed.2d 493 (1967). This court affirmed without opinion. Bernal v. State, 9 So.3d 748 (Fla. 1st DCA 2009). However, Judge Benton filed a concurring opinion observing that “[t]his case represents at least an arguable issue about whe......
  • Poole v. State, 2D08-2787.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • September 25, 2009
    ...fundamental errors—must be preserved by contemporaneous objection or through a rule 3.800(b) 17 So.3d 1274 motion); Bernal v. State, 9 So.3d 748, 749 (Fla. 1st DCA 2009) (Benton, J., concurring) (explaining the affirmance in an Anders case of a sentence that presented an arguable double jeo......

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