Brannon v. State, F-82-76

Decision Date07 October 1983
Docket NumberNo. F-82-76,F-82-76
Citation670 P.2d 601
PartiesAnthony D. BRANNON, Appellant, v. The STATE of Oklahoma, Appellee.
CourtUnited States State Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma. Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma

BRETT, Judge:

Appellant, Anthony D. Brannon, was charged by information for the crime of Robbery with Firearms pursuant to 21 O.S.Supp.1973, § 801, in the District Court of Oklahoma County before the Honorable Charles L. Owens in Case No. CRF-81-3234. The appellant was tried by jury and represented by counsel.

On July 18, 1981, a robbery occurred at a Dairy Queen restaurant in south Oklahoma City. The robber wore an orange scarf, which covered the lower part of his face, and carried a handgun. He fled the restaurant on foot, with approximately $300, to a waiting car located a block away.

When the police arrived, Ms. Hotchkin, an employee at the Dairy Queen, identified the robber as a previous boyfriend, whom she had lived with for about three months. Another employee of the restaurant chose the appellant's picture from a photographic lineup and identified him at trial as the robber.

Appellant admitted he was the perpetrator of the crime in an oral confession to the police. At trial he denied being the robber and claimed that when the robbery occurred, he was visiting relatives in Dallas, Texas.

Appellant's first assignment of error asserts that the State improperly commented on his right to remain silent, an assertion which we find patently frivolous.

In response to questioning by the prosecution, the detective testified that after he explained to appellant his constitutional rights, appellant advised him that "he would talk to me about the robberies but if he did come to trial that he would disown any statement that he made to me." It is this Court's opinion that only by distorting a plain meaning of appellant's statement can it be construed as invoking his right to remain silent. Likewise, the detective's testimony can in no way be construed as a comment on appellant's silence. 1 To the contrary, appellant's response indicated a desire to talk with the detective. This assignment of error is groundless.

Appellant asserts in his second assignment of error that Hardy Martin's identification of him at trial was tainted by a suggestive photographic lineup.

When the photographic identification procedure is "so impermissibly suggestive as to give rise to a very substantial likelihood of irreparable misidentification, the due process clause of the 14th amendment is violated." Simmons v. United States, 390 U.S. 377, 88 S.Ct. 967, 19 L.Ed.2d 1247 (1968). However, in Neil v. Biggers, 409 U.S. 188, 93 S.Ct. 375, 34 L.Ed.2d 401 (1972), the Supreme Court held that the admissibility of identifications depends upon their reliability under the totality of the circumstances. Manson v. Brathwaite, 432 U.S. 98, 97 S.Ct. 2243, 53 L.Ed.2d 140 (1977), further clarified the law in holding that reliability of identification is the single determinative quality of admissibility. The factors to be weighed in assessing reliability are: (1) the witness' opportunity to view the criminal at the time of the crime; (2) the witness' degree of attention; (3) the accuracy of the witness' prior description of the criminal; (4) the level of certainty demonstrated at the confrontation; and, (5) the length of time between the crime and the confrontation.

Although he fails to support his contention by including the photographs as part of the record, appellant asserts that the testimony of the witness reveals the suggestive nature of the photographs. The transcript indicates that Martin was shown five or six photographs, all of which were black males between the ages of 20 and 30. He testified that he identified the appellant by his facial features and answered affirmatively when defense counsel inquired, "The only picture that even resembled the man that committed the robbery was that of the defendant, is that correct?"

We would be hardpressed to arrive at a finding concerning the photographic lineup with the limited record we have been supplied. Notwithstanding any conclusion that we would draw concerning the suggestiveness of the photographic lineup, we find that under the totality of the circumstances, the State established the reliability of Martin. Martin observed appellant for about five minutes from fifteen feet away while the robbery was in progress, and with nothing to divert his attention from the robber. He gave an accurate description of appellant, including the fact that he had a pierced ear, and when shown the photographic lineup within hours of the robbery, did not hesitate to choose his photograph. We are convinced that Martin's identification of appellant was based on his observation at the time of the robbery, not from the pretrial photographic lineup.

Appellant cites no authority for his third...

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7 cases
  • Cohee v. State
    • United States
    • United States State Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma. Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma
    • May 22, 1997
    ..."What did you think he was going to do, Mr. Migliorino?" and ruled defense counsel had opened the door. We agree. See Brannon v. State, 670 P.2d 601, 604 (Okl.Cr.1983). See also Davis v. State, 885 P.2d 665, 668 (Okl.Cr.1994); Goodwin v. State, 743 P.2d 1101, 1103-04 (Okl.Cr.1987); Boyd v. ......
  • Sullivan v. State, F-84-194
    • United States
    • United States State Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma. Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma
    • March 31, 1986
    ...the books for authority to support an appellant's argument, and such arguments will be held without merit. See, e.g., Brannon v. State, 670 P.2d 601 (Okl.Cr.1983). III. Next, appellant challenges the search of his home by police, claiming that the consent obtained from his common-law wife w......
  • Stohler v. State, F-86-371
    • United States
    • United States State Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma. Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma
    • March 16, 1988
    ...of the Court of Criminal Appeals, Rule 3.5(A)(5). Therefore, we will review the record only for fundamental error. See Brannon v. State, 670 P.2d 601 (Okl.Cr.1983). The record reveals that the appellant only used six of his nine peremptory challenges, and therefore cannot claim that the jur......
  • Glenn v. State
    • United States
    • United States State Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma. Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma
    • January 13, 1988
    ...Glenn fails to show how, or cite authority, and we cannot find how the appellant Glenn was prejudiced by this failure. Brannon v. State, 670 P.2d 601 (Okl.Cr. 1983) holds that where an appellant cites no authority for his proposition, this Court will not search the books for the appellant. ......
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