Chandler v. State

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Florida
Citation6 So. 768,25 Fla. 728
PartiesCHANDLER v. STATE.
Decision Date20 November 1889

Error to circuit court, Levy county; JESSE J. FINLEY, Judge.

Syllabus by the Court

SYLLABUS

Under the statute, all offenses not punishable with death must be prosecuted within two years next after the same shall have been committed; and under this statute the indictment, for an offense not punishable with death, must charge that the offense was committed on some day within two years next before the finding of the indictment; but, when the indictment charges an offense to have been committed on a particular day, the day is entirely immaterial, and the offense may be proved to have been committed on any day not so remote that the statute of limitations would bar the prosecution.

COUNSEL

William B. Lamar, Atty. Gen., for the State.

OPINION

MITCHELL, J.

The plaintiff in error was convicted at the fall term of the circuit court in and for Levy county, in the year 1887, for having a concealed weapon, to-wit, a pistol on or about his person, and he now brings his case before this court upon writ of error from the order of the circuit court overruling his motion to set aside the verdict of the jury and to grant a new trial.

No errors are assigned, but the plaintiff in error relies upon the grounds of his motion for new trial for a reversal:

(1) Because the verdict of the jury is contrary to the evidence and unsupported by the evidence in the cause.

(2) Because the indictment upon which the defendant was tried, and to which he pleaded, charged the offense as having been committed on the 1st day of September, A. D. 1887, and at no other date or time, and the only proof upon the trial was that he had a pistol concealed on his person during the month of February, 1887, by which the defendant was taken by surprise and at an unfair advantage; his witnesses summoned in the cause for his defense being prepared to disprove the charge alleged in the indictment, when the charge as proved was at an entirely different date and time, several months prior to the date charged in the indictment.

(3) Because the verdict of the jury is contrary to the law and the evidence.

(4) Because the court erred in refusing to charge the jury, at the request of the defendant, that the defendant could not be convicted under this indictment in this cause upon proof of having carried a concealed pistol in February, 1887, only, when the charge was alone that he so carried it in September, 1887.

(5) Because the court erred in charging the jury 'that it made no difference in this case what date was charged in this indictment as being the one upon...

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9 cases
  • Hunter v. State
    • United States
    • Florida Supreme Court
    • January 25, 1923
    ...v. State, 40 Fla. 213, 23 So. 536; Weinert v. State, 35 Fla. 229, 17 So. 570; Warrace v. State, 27 Fla. 362, 8 So. 748; Chandler v. State, 25 Fla. 728, 6 So. 768; Straughter v. State, 83 Fla. 683, 92 So. 569; Thorp v. Smith, 64 Fla. 154, 59 So. 193; 16 C.J. 529; 14 R. C. L. 180; 1 Bishop's ......
  • Bynum v. State
    • United States
    • Florida Supreme Court
    • January 9, 1919
    ... ... alleged in the indictment on June 10, 1917 ... [80 So. 574] ... It was competent for the state to prove the commission of the ... offense charged at any time within the two years next ... preceding the finding of the indictment. Chandler v ... State, 25 Fla. 728, 6 So. 768; Warrace v ... State, 27 Fla. 362, 8 So. 748; Weinert v ... State, 35 Fla. 229, 17 So. 570. The state proved that ... the offense was committed in January, 1917. When this was ... done the state's case was made out, and a conviction was ... The ... ...
  • Rema v. State
    • United States
    • Nebraska Supreme Court
    • October 6, 1897
    ... ... the offense, nor for stating the time imperfectly." ... Under the foregoing section this information is sufficient, ... notwithstanding it charges the crime as having occurred ... "on or about" a specific date. (State v ... Fry, 67 Iowa 475, 25 N.W. 738; Chandler v ... State, 25 Fla. 728, 6 So. 768; State v. Howard, ... 32 S.C. 91, 10 S.E. 831; Vowells v. Commonwealth, 84 ... Ky. 52; Pruitt v. State, 11 S.W. 822; State v ... Peters, 107 N.C. 876, 12 S.E. 74; Arrington v ... Commonwealth, 87 Va. 96, 12 S.E. 224; State v ... Thompson, 10 Mont. 549, ... ...
  • Whatley v. State
    • United States
    • Florida Supreme Court
    • July 28, 1903
    ...State v. Caverly, 51 N.H. 446. See, also, as bearing upon the question, our own decisions in Dickson v. State, 20 Fla. 800; Chandler v. State, 25 Fla. 728, 6 So. 768; Alexander v. State, 40 Fla. 213, 23 So. It is insisted by the Attorney General that the court should treat this indictment a......
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