Cruz v. City of N.Y.

Citation211 A.D.3d 1011,181 N.Y.S.3d 316
Decision Date28 December 2022
Docket Number2019–10419,Index No. 15569/14
Parties Tynisha Rene CRUZ, etc., appellant, v. CITY OF NEW YORK, et al., respondents.
CourtNew York Supreme Court Appellate Division

211 A.D.3d 1011
181 N.Y.S.3d 316

Tynisha Rene CRUZ, etc., appellant,
CITY OF NEW YORK, et al., respondents.

Index No. 15569/14

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

Argued—October 31, 2022
December 28, 2022

Jeffrey J. Shapiro & Associates, LLC (Pollack, Pollack, Isaac & DeCicco, LLP, New York, NY [Brian J. Isaac and Michael H. Zhu ], of counsel), for appellant.

Sylvia O. Hinds–Radix, Corporation Counsel, New York, NY (Deborah A. Brenner and Diana Lawless of counsel), for respondents.



211 A.D.3d 1011

In an action to recover damages for wrongful death, etc., the plaintiff appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Genine D. Edwards, J.), dated July 8, 2019. The order, insofar as appealed from, granted that branch of the defendants’ motion which was pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(7) to dismiss the complaint.

ORDERED that the order is affirmed insofar as appealed from, with costs.

The plaintiff commenced this action, alleging that the defendants were negligent in responding to a 911 call and in rendering treatment to the plaintiff's decedent.

181 N.Y.S.3d 317

In November 2018, the defendants moved, inter alia, pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(7) to dismiss the complaint on the ground that the plaintiff failed to allege that the defendants owed a special duty to the decedent. The Supreme Court granted that branch of the motion. The plaintiff appeals.

On a motion to dismiss for failure to state a cause of action pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(7), a court must "accept the facts as alleged in a complaint as true, accord the plaintiff[ ] the benefit of every possible favorable inference, and determine only whether the facts as alleged fit within any cognizable legal theory" ( Leon v. Martinez, 84 N.Y.2d 83, 87–88, 614 N.Y.S.2d 972, 638 N.E.2d 511 ; see Connaughton v. Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc., 29 N.Y.3d 137, 141, 53 N.Y.S.3d 598, 75 N.E.3d 1159 ). "Dismissal of the complaint is warranted if the plaintiff fails to assert facts in support of an element of the claim, or if the factual allegations and inferences to be drawn from them do not allow for an enforceable right of recovery" ( Connaughton v. Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc.,...

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