Doescher v. Estelle

Decision Date01 May 1980
Docket NumberNo. 79-3188,79-3188
Citation616 F.2d 205
PartiesJohn D. DOESCHER, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. W. J. ESTELLE, Jr., etc., Defendant-Appellee. Summary Calendar. *
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Fifth Circuit

Tedford E. Kimbell, Dallas, Tex. (Court-Appointed), for plaintiff-appellant.

Douglas M. Becker, Asst. Atty. Gen., Austin, Tex., for respondent-appellee.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas.

Before BROWN, TJOFLAT and FRANK M. JOHNSON, Jr., Circuit Judges.

FRANK M. JOHNSON, Jr., Circuit Judge:

John D. Doescher, who is serving a Texas sentence for aggravated robbery, has appealed from the district court's denial of his petition for habeas relief. Doescher, represented by court-appointed counsel, was convicted upon trial by jury of the aggravated robbery of a supermarket, for which he received 75 years. On direct appeal the judgment was affirmed. Doescher v. State, 578 S.W.2d 385 (Tex.Cr.App.1978). Doescher was convicted in March, 1975, and his direct appeal was not decided until September 27, 1978. Rehearing en banc was denied, with opinion, on March 21, 1979. 578 S.W.2d at 391-393.

In April, 1977, Doescher filed a federal habeas petition seeking release from custody because of the delay in deciding his direct appeal. The district court dismissed without prejudice on grounds of failure to exhaust. Doescher v. Estelle, 454 F.Supp. 943 (N.D.Tex.1978). This Court dismissed the appeal as moot, having learned that the state court had decided the direct appeal. Doescher v. Estelle, 597 F.2d 281 (5th Cir. 1979). Doescher then filed an amended petition alleging three grounds. The district court denied habeas relief on the merits without an evidentiary hearing. He contends, first, that he is entitled to be released because of the delay in processing his direct appeal. We find no prejudice such as would entitle appellant to this drastic remedy, particularly since the judgment was affirmed on appeal. U. S. v. Cifarelli, 401 F.2d 512 (2d Cir. 1968), cert. denied, 393 U.S. 987, 89 S.Ct. 465, 21 L.Ed.2d 448 (1968). Nor is there any merit in appellant's contention that his in-court identification by the robbery victims was tainted by pretrial photographic displays. The district court found that the displays were not impermissibly suggestive. This finding is not clearly erroneous. Even if it were, this Court has held in many cases that any taint in pretrial identification is immaterial where, as here, the witnesses' in-court identification is based upon observation during commission of the crime. Robinson v. State, 469 F.2d 690 (5th Cir. 1972), cert. denied, 411 U.S. 909, 93 S.Ct. 1539, 36 L.Ed.2d 199 (1973); Perry v. State, 456 F.2d 879 (5th Cir. 1972), cert. denied, 409 U.S. 916, 93 S.Ct. 248, 34 L.Ed.2d 178 (1972); Ward v. Wainwright, 450 F.2d 409 (5th Cir. 1971).

Finally, appellant contends that the district court erred in holding that he was barred from asserting invalidity of a search warrant for his residence. The district court held that this ground was foreclosed by Stone v. Powell, 428 U.S. 465, 96 S.Ct. 3037, 49 L.Ed.2d 1067 (1976). We disagree. The state trial court did not fully adjudicate Doescher's claim that the affidavit for the warrant contained false statements, since the court followed a procedure which was subsequently ruled unconstitutional by Franks v. Delaware, 438 U.S. 154, 98 S.Ct. 2674, 57 L.Ed.2d 667 (1978). On direct appeal, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals was apparently unaware that, since the trial, Franks had been handed down. Stone v. Powell, supra, is therefore no bar since the State of Texas did not provide Doescher with a "full and fair" determination of his Fourth Amendment claim. As a matter of comity, however, it is appropriate that...

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18 cases
  • Harris v. Champion
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Tenth Circuit
    • 26 Enero 1994
    ...492 F.2d 1298, 1299-1300 (8th Cir.1974); Doescher v. Estelle, 477 F.Supp. 932, 934 (N.D.Tex.1979), aff'd in part, vacated in part, 616 F.2d 205 (5th Cir.1980). Because this appeal concerns only petitioners' habeas claims, we will not rule on the implications of any pending Sec. 1983 A petit......
  • Cikora v. Dugger
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Eleventh Circuit
    • 25 Marzo 1988
    ...of the district courts that a pretrial identification procedure was not impermissibly suggestive. See, e.g., Doescher v. Estelle, 616 F.2d 205, 206 (5th Cir.1980); United States v. Diecidue, 603 F.2d 535, 565 (5th Cir.1979), cert. denied, 446 U.S. 912, 100 S.Ct. 1842, 64 L.Ed.2d 266 (1980);......
  • Gladys J. v. Pearland Independent School Dist.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Southern District of Texas
    • 17 Agosto 1981
    ...464 F.Supp. 1104 (N.D.Cal.1979); Doe v. Marshall, 459 F.Supp. 1190 (S.D.Tex.1978), vacated and remanded on other grounds, 616 F.2d 205 (5th Cir. 1980); Howard S. v. Friendswood Independent School District, 454 F.Supp. 634 (S.D.Tex.1978). See also 34 C.R.F. § 104.33 Section 504 provides: No ......
  • Morgan v. Wainwright
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Eleventh Circuit
    • 17 Mayo 1982
    ...his state remedies. We are uninformed as to whether Morgan has pursued or may still pursue state habeas relief. See Doescher v. Estelle, 616 F.2d 205, 207 (5th Cir. 1980). Since exhaustion is not a jurisdictional requirement, but rather a matter of federalism and comity, Hopkins v. Jarvis, ......
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