Eldred v. Kirkland

Decision Date18 July 1903
Citation124 F. 553
CourtU.S. District Court — Northern District of New York

C. C Linthicum, and Louis K. Gillson (Milton E. Robinson, of counsel), for complainant.

Stem Heidman & Mehlhope, for defendant.

RAY District Judge.

The complainant rests his case upon claims 1, 5, and 10, as set forth in his patent, and which claims read as follows:

'(1) In an electrical lamp lighter, the combination, with a lamp, the burner of which is formed into or provided with an electrode, an extinguisher formed into or provided with the opposite electrode, and means for establishing and breaking the electrical connection between said electrodes, substantially as set forth.'

'(5) In an electrical lamp lighter, the combination, with a lamp, the burner of which is formed into or provided with an electrode, an arm pivotally secured adjacent to the lamp, one end of which is provided with an extinguishing and an electrode, and means for automatically returning the arm to extinguish the light, substantially as set forth.'

'(10) In an electric lamp lighter, a lamp, a support therefor, an arm led into proximity to the lamp, provided with an extinguisher, an electric circuit having its electrodes at the adjacent portions of the arm and lamp, said arm and lamp, the one movable in relation to the other, to close said circuit to ignite the lamp, and self-retracting, to extinguish the lamp, said circuit being normally open, substantially as described.'

This patent in question has been in litigation and was passed upon in the case of Eldred v. Kessler (Seventh Circuit, Feb. 7, 1900) 106 F. 509, 45 C.C.A. 454, that case was well considered both at the circuit and in the Circuit Court of Appeals, and this court does not deem it necessary to go further than to say it agrees with the holdings of the court in that case.

It is conceded by the complainant that his patent must stand upon an alleged new combination of old elements. This new combination, in the opinion of this court, and in view of the prior art, is not such as show patentable invention. There is no infringement. The defendant has combined old elements, we will say, in a new form, but he has not copied or followed the combination of the complainant. These elements used by the complainant had been combined in various forms by others, to produce a given result, which had been substantially attained. had been substantially attained.

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2 cases
  • Eldred v. Kirkland
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Second Circuit
    • April 19, 1904
    ...letters patent No. 492,913, for an electric lamp lighter, invalid, and dismissing the bill, with costs. The opinion below is reported in 124 F. 553. patent was considered by the Circuit Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Eldred v. Kessler, 106 F. 509, 45 C.C.A. 454, where the speci......
  • Brookfield v. Novelty Glass Mfg. Co.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of New Jersey
    • August 15, 1903

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