Ex Parte Ferguson, (No. 12291.)

CourtCourt of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
Writing for the CourtLattimore
Citation15 S.W.2d 650
PartiesEx parte FERGUSON.
Docket Number(No. 12291.)
Decision Date20 February 1929
15 S.W.2d 650
Ex parte FERGUSON.
(No. 12291.)
Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas.
February 20, 1929.
Rehearing Denied April 3, 1929.

Page 651

Appeal from District Court, Grayson County; Silas Hare, Judge.

Application by A. M. Ferguson for a writ of habeas corpus. From a judgment remanding relator, he appeals. Affirmed.

Davidson & Yeager, J. W. Randall, and T. W. Davidson, all of Dallas, for appellant.

A. A. Dawson, State's Atty., of Austin, for the State.

LATTIMORE, J.


Seeking freedom from restraint following commitment after conviction in the county court of Grayson county for operating a gin without license, appellant obtained a hearing upon a habeas corpus issued by the district court, prayed for on the ground that the law under which he was convicted was unconstitutional. He was remanded, and appeals.

The offense, if any there be, of which appellant was convicted, was originally defined, and may be found, in chapter 41, Acts First Called Session, Thirty-Fifth Legislature, the penal part of which is in articles 1018-1032, 1925 P. C. Article 1031 forbids any person in this state, acting for himself or others, to operate a gin for commercial purposes without obtaining a license therefor.

The first ground of attack upon the law is that, inasmuch as the law makes the presentation of a bond to the commissioner of agriculture a necessary predicate to the getting of such license, said law is unconstitutional, for that it reflects an attempt on the part of the Legislature to delegate to a board legislative powers. On this proposition appellant cites Ex parte Leslie, 87 Tex. Cr. R. 476, 223 S. W. 227, and the well-known provision of our Constitution denying to the Legislature the power or right of a delegation of its legislative power. The Leslie Case, as we understand it, holds against appellant's contention. It specifically recognizes the power of the lawmakers to provide, within proper limits, punishments for violation of regulations made by boards. In that case it appeared that unlimited power was given the live stock commission in various matters before the court, and the statute itself seemed to lay down no forms or boundaries for the action of the commission, by which the people could know if the matters for which they were prosecuted were lawful or otherwise. The law in the instant case attacked is not subject to any such criticism. The statute itself prescribes all essentials of the bond required of an applicant for license to operate a gin, as will be seen by the following quotation from same:

"The conditions and obligations in the bond shall be that the cotton ginned by the gin designated in the bond, and in its application for license, has been carefully ginned, and that no foreign matter or substance has been placed in the cotton, nor has any water or anything that would increase the weight thereof been placed therein during the process of ginning, or thereafter, while the cotton was in possession of the gin; and that the gin will separate the dirt from the seed; and

Page 652

that any sample of cotton taken from the bale during the process of ginning, as provided in this Act, is a fair and true sample of the cotton in the bale."

It is elsewhere provided in the same section of said act that the bond should be made payable to the state of Texas for the use and benefit of all persons who may have any cause of action against the makers under the terms of this act. It is also provided in section 42 of said act that the bond should be approved by the commissioner. Following Ex parte Leslie, supra, and the cases therein cited, we are of opinion there is no merit in this contention of appellant. Nothing was left to the board save to prescribe the form of bond, whose substance was set out in the quoted statute, and whose approval was left to the commissioner.

Again it is urged that the law under which this prosecution was had is unconstitutional, for that it puts unequal burdens upon persons in similar circumstances. The agreed statement of facts herein sets out nothing which could be taken as a basis for this court holding that there are other lines of business, or some other service to others for pay, and for which no bond is required under the law which we might hold similar to the running of a gin. Certainly we have no judicial knowledge of any such similar occupation. Judicial knowledge is but that which is so notoriously known, as that everybody, including even judges, knows it; and hence there is no need to prove it. There may be other occupations which are public or quasi public, but none known to us just like that of a commercial ginner who takes the raw cotton of others, separates the seed from the lint, and probably trash and refuse from both, binds the lint into bales, which may be shipped around the world without further investigation or knowledge of their contents; is sold by sample and weight, each of which might in some measure be affected by what is done in the ginning process. It is judicially known that the commodity thus dealt with is the chief money crop of this state. In the somewhat meager condition of the record, as affecting this point of contention, we have given careful consideration to each authority cited by appellant, but find in them only...

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6 practice notes
  • State v. Rhine, No. PD-0912-08.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • September 23, 2009
    ...ignores the precedent of not only this Court, but also that of the Texas Supreme Court. See, e.g., Ex parte Ferguson, 112 Tex. Crim. 152, 15 S.W.2d 650 (Tex.Crim.App. 1929); Land v. State, 581 S.W.2d 672 (Tex. Crim.App.1979); Ex parte Leslie, 87 Tex. Crim. 476, 223 S.W. 227 (Tex.Crim.App. 1......
  • In re Gillette Daily Journal, 1752
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wyoming
    • May 3, 1932
    ...Ga. 68, 56 S.E. 243, 9 Ann. Cas. 396; Christopher v. Mungen, 61 Fla. 513, 55 So. 273, 61 Fla. 534; Ex parte Ferguson, 112 Tex. Crim. 152, 15 S.W.2d 650; State v. Horner, 35 S.D. 612, 153 N.W. 766; Anderson v. Railway Co., 25 Idaho 433, 138 P. 127, Ann. Cas. 1916 C 191; Park v. Cotton Mills,......
  • State v. Pitet, No. 2527
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wyoming
    • April 16, 1952
    ...v. Meara, 127 Ga. 68, 56 S.E. 243, 9 Ann.Cas. 396; Christopher v. Mungen, 61 Fla. 513, 55 So. 273; Ex parte Ferguson, 112 Tex.Cr.R. 152, 15 S.W.2d 650; State v. Horner, 35 So. D. 612, 153 N.W. 766; Anderson v. Great Northern Railway Co., 25 Idaho 433, 138 P. 127, Ann.Cas.1916C, 191; Park v.......
  • Stratmon v. State, No. 31544
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • March 16, 1960
    ...Tex.Cr.R. 308, 71 S.W.2d 274; Cotter v. State, 113 Tex.Cr.R. 535, 21 S.W.2d 503, 22 S.W.2d 1071; Ex parte Ferguson, 112 Tex.Cr.R. 152, 15 S.W.2d 650; Vaughn v. State, 86 Tex.Cr.R. 255, 219 S.W. 206; Adams v. State, 66 Tex.Cr.R. 220, 145 S.W. 940. See also Lotto v. State, Tex.Civ.App., 208 S......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
6 cases
  • State v. Rhine, No. PD-0912-08.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • September 23, 2009
    ...ignores the precedent of not only this Court, but also that of the Texas Supreme Court. See, e.g., Ex parte Ferguson, 112 Tex. Crim. 152, 15 S.W.2d 650 (Tex.Crim.App. 1929); Land v. State, 581 S.W.2d 672 (Tex. Crim.App.1979); Ex parte Leslie, 87 Tex. Crim. 476, 223 S.W. 227 (Tex.Crim.App. 1......
  • In re Gillette Daily Journal, 1752
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wyoming
    • May 3, 1932
    ...Ga. 68, 56 S.E. 243, 9 Ann. Cas. 396; Christopher v. Mungen, 61 Fla. 513, 55 So. 273, 61 Fla. 534; Ex parte Ferguson, 112 Tex. Crim. 152, 15 S.W.2d 650; State v. Horner, 35 S.D. 612, 153 N.W. 766; Anderson v. Railway Co., 25 Idaho 433, 138 P. 127, Ann. Cas. 1916 C 191; Park v. Cotton Mills,......
  • State v. Pitet, No. 2527
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wyoming
    • April 16, 1952
    ...v. Meara, 127 Ga. 68, 56 S.E. 243, 9 Ann.Cas. 396; Christopher v. Mungen, 61 Fla. 513, 55 So. 273; Ex parte Ferguson, 112 Tex.Cr.R. 152, 15 S.W.2d 650; State v. Horner, 35 So. D. 612, 153 N.W. 766; Anderson v. Great Northern Railway Co., 25 Idaho 433, 138 P. 127, Ann.Cas.1916C, 191; Park v.......
  • Stratmon v. State, No. 31544
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • March 16, 1960
    ...Tex.Cr.R. 308, 71 S.W.2d 274; Cotter v. State, 113 Tex.Cr.R. 535, 21 S.W.2d 503, 22 S.W.2d 1071; Ex parte Ferguson, 112 Tex.Cr.R. 152, 15 S.W.2d 650; Vaughn v. State, 86 Tex.Cr.R. 255, 219 S.W. 206; Adams v. State, 66 Tex.Cr.R. 220, 145 S.W. 940. See also Lotto v. State, Tex.Civ.App., 208 S......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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