Fey v. State, 4D09–5336.

Decision Date27 March 2013
Docket NumberNo. 4D09–5336.,4D09–5336.
Citation125 So.3d 828
PartiesGeorge FEY, Appellant, v. STATE of Florida, Appellee.
CourtFlorida District Court of Appeals


Carey Haughwout, Public Defender, and Emily Ross–Booker, Assistant Public Defender, West Palm Beach, for appellant.

Pamela Jo Bondi, Attorney General, Tallahassee, and Sue–Ellen Kenny, Assistant Attorney General, West Palm Beach, for appellee.


To prove a battery, the State must demonstrate an intentional touching. George Fey was convicted of one count of burglary with an assault or battery and lewd or lascivious conduct. At trial, the State asserted that in order to achieve sexual gratification, he positioned himself to be touched by the victims' feet when the victim moved in their sleep. We find Fey's actions were substantially certain to result in a touching and thus constitute an intentional touching. We also hold Fey's challenge to the trial court's granting of the State's Williams rule motion without first holding a hearing was not properly preserved for review.

Fey was initially charged with one count of burglary of a dwelling, five counts of burglary of a dwelling with an assault or battery, and five counts of lewd or lascivious conduct. These charges involved four separate events that occurred between February 1 and April 7, 2008. One boy was the victim of each incident of lewd or lascivious conduct. The theory of prosecution was that Fey entered into the victims' home at night after everyone was asleep, sat or laid next to one of the boys (referred to herein as DaH, JaH, and JeH) while they were sleeping, and masturbated while touching their feet or when the boys' movement during their sleep resulted in their feet touching Fey.

Prior to trial, Fey moved to sever charges relating to different events and to sever the burglary charges from the lewd or lascivious conduct charges. At a hearing on the motion to sever, the trial court granted the motion in part by severing the case into three, isolating the counts relating to each of the three victims. The following exchange occurred in ruling on the motion:

THE COURT: So, my ruling would be as follows. I'm going to grant the motion for severance. I think it would—if convicted would be reversed on appeal if I didn't grant the motion for severance based on my reading of Shermer, Rorack and Gent. Supplemented by my reading of Ellis versus State. And I'm going to sever out counts two, three and seven, four, five, eight and nine, six, ten and eleven. What I have done is isolated each individual victim from the other victim.

I also am severing count one from the rest of the information because legally that is again, not an episodic sense.

However, I am granting the State's motion to [admit] Williams rule this evidence into this trial.

[DEFENSE ATTORNEY 1]: We haven't provided the court with any—as far as the—

[DEFENSE ATTORNEY 2]: Your Honor, we were here for the motion to sever. We had not provided any argument on the Williams rule matter.

THE COURT: Well, I'm telling you based on my knowledge of the facts of this case, unless you bring something new and shocking to my attention that in order for the State to establish the intent of the defendant, the lack of mistake of him being in that house, the opportunity for him to commit these crimes that I find that admission of these other events is necessary for the State to demonstrate those critical elements with respect to it's prosecution. I would grant and am granting the State's request. They made that request in open court that Williams rule. I didn't have a copy of the motion. But I'm allowing that testimony to come in knowing that it cannot become a feature of the case. Knowing that I will give a limiting instruction pursuant to counsel's request at anytime that evidence is offered during the course of the trial.

That's my ruling.

No formal objection to the court's ruling on Williams rule evidence was made during the hearing. No written motion or notice of intent to introduce Williams rule evidence appears in the record on appeal. However, Fey concedes in his brief that the trial court granted an oral request to admit Williams rule evidence.

The State proceeded to trial on counts which related to acts committed only against DaH (two counts of burglary of a dwelling with an assault or battery and two counts of lewd or lascivious conduct); in addition, the State pursued a count of burglary of a dwelling which related to the final entry into the victims' home when Fey was caught. Fey was found guilty of all five counts. On appeal, he attacks one count of burglary of a dwelling with an assault and battery and one count of lewd and lascivious conduct on the basis that an assault or battery was not proven. He attacks all of the convictions on the basis that improper Williams rule evidence was admitted.

Factual Background of the Offenses

DaH, JaH, and JeH were three boys living with their parents. The brothers met Fey through their parents and church and had known Fey for about four or five years. Fey would come over to their house a few times a week. Fey never spent the night and wasn't allowed at the house when the parents weren't home or had already gone to bed.

A week apart, DaH and JaH separately reported to their mother that they woke up in the middle of the night as Fey sat or stood near them. Each described a different scenario of Fey touching their feet. Their father decided to sit up one night in the dark to see if he could catch Fey sneaking into the house after everyone was asleep. The father caught Fey trying to sneak into the house, after which the police were called and Fey was arrested at the scene.

DaH testified that a couple of weeks prior to Fey's arrest, he and JaH were sleeping on separate couches on the screened back porch. While sleeping, he either rolled over or scooted down on the couch and awoke to find Fey sitting on the end of the couch near his feet. The State asked DaH, “Do you know if [Fey] touched your feet or if you touched him in movement as you were sleeping?” DaH responded that he did not remember. The State then asked, “What caused you to wake up on that incident?” DaH responded, “Either I touched him or he touched me when I woke up.” DaH testified he asked Fey why he was there, to which Fey responded by asking if his father was mad at him [Fey]. DaH said that he didn't know and Fey should ask his father. Fey then got up and left, and DaH went back to sleep.

In his recorded statement shortly after arrest, Fey admitted he had a “foot fetish problem.” His plan that night was to go up to one of the boys, sit or lay by their feet and hope their foot touched his chest. He admitted he had done this on three prior occasions and that he occasionally masturbated when he did it. Fey explained, “I would touch the bottom of their foot or touch like their leg to get a reaction from them. And their foot would move and you know, touch my body around like you know around my chest area, sometimes they would touch my leg. (emphasis added).

The Denial of a Judgment of Acquittal

After the State rested, Fey moved for a judgment of acquittal on the charges relating to the porch incident. Because we disagree with his contentions about proof of a battery, we do not address his contentions regarding proof of an assault.

Fey argued at trial there was no testimony that he touched DaH. DaH testified he stretched his feet out, hit Fey, and woke up. Fey then got up and left. The detective also testified that Fey told her that nothing had happened that time. The trial court denied the motion.

Both battery and lewd or lascivious conduct can be proven by showing an intentional touching occurred. §§ 784.03(1)(a) 1., 800.04(6)(a) 1., Florida Statutes (2008). “The battery statute's prohibition of an ‘intentional’ touch or strike covers situations where a defendant knows that a touch or...

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2 cases
  • In re Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases—Report 2017-11
    • United States
    • Florida Supreme Court
    • December 20, 2018
    ...against [his] [her] will.]2. [(Defendant) intentionally caused bodily harm to (victim).]Give only if applicable. Fey v. State, 125 So.3d 828 (Fla. 4th DCA 2013). An intentional touching or striking includes situations where a defendant knows that a touch or strike is substantially certain t......
  • Grace v. State
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • September 4, 2013
    ...even if it did, any error was harmless because defense counsel had prior knowledge of the collateral crime evidence. See Fey v. State, 125 So.3d 828 (Fla. 4th DCA 2013); Miller v. State, 632 So.2d 243, 243 (Fla. 3d DCA 1994). Affirmed.TAYLOR, LEVINE and KLINGENSMITH, JJ., ...

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