Gayle v. Alexander

Decision Date04 October 1934
Docket NumberNo. 1699.,1699.
Citation75 S.W.2d 706
PartiesGAYLE v. ALEXANDER.
CourtTexas Court of Appeals

Appeal from District Court, McLennan County; R. B. Cross, Judge.

Action by Gibson Gayle against Joe Alexander. From the judgment, the plaintiff appeals.

Affirmed.

C. S. Farmer, John McNamara, and Alfred Herbelin, all of Waco, for appellant.

W. V. Dunnam and F. M. Fitzpatrick, both of Waco, for appellee.

PER CURIAM.

Appellant, Gibson Gayle, and appellee, Joe Alexander, were candidates, and the only candidates, in the Democratic primary election held in McLennan county on July 28, 1934, for nomination for the office of assessor and collector of taxes for said county. A canvass of the returns from the several voting precincts showed that appellee, Alexander, had received a majority of the votes cast in said election, and his name was duly certified to the county clerk as the nominee for said office.

Appellant then instituted this action in the district court of said county to contest the nomination of appellee. The contest was heard by the court and judgment entered declaring that appellee had received a majority of forty-one of the votes cast in said election and that he was the nominee of said party for said office. Appellant asks this court to review said judgment, reverse the same, and enter a judgment declaring him to be the nominee of said party for said office.

Opinion.

Appellant contends, in substance, that certain officers who held or assisted in holding said primary election in certain voting precincts in said county were disqualified to act as such by the provisions of article 2940 of the Revised Statutes of this state; that such disqualification rendered the election held in such voting precincts void; and that the returns therefrom should be excluded from the canvass of the votes cast at such election in the county as a whole. Said article, so far as pertinent, provides, in substance, that no one who holds an office of profit or trust under the United States, or this state, or any city or town in this state, or within thirty days after resigning or being dismissed from such office, or who is a candidate for office, or has not paid his poll tax, shall act as judge, clerk, or supervisor of any election. The court found that J. W. Smallwood, who acted as presiding judge in the LaVega voting precinct, R. F. Brown, who acted as presiding judge in the Rosenthal voting precinct, D. J. Barefield, who acted as presiding judge in the Concord voting precinct, and Frank Burr, who acted as presiding judge in the Ocee voting precinct, were each, at the time of such service, school trustees in their respective communities. The court further found that W. D. Thompson, who acted as presiding judge in the Axtell voting precinct, held at the time a purported appointment as deputy sheriff of said county, but that he had never taken the oath of office and had never served nor received any compensation as such officer. The court further found that W. J. Higginbotham, who acted as presiding judge in the China Springs voting precinct, C. C. Barron, who acted as an assistant judge or clerk in the Axtell voting precinct, and J. L. Allen, who acted as one of the counting clerks in the Hawthorne voting precinct, had each been theretofore in January, 1934, duly appointed by appellee, the present tax assessor of McLennan county, as his deputy, and had qualified and served as such during the first four months of the current year. The court further found in that connection that the duties of each of the deputies aforesaid were confined and limited to the assessment of taxes in the rural districts in which they respectively resided; that all duties under such appointments were performed and completed prior to the 1st day of May, 1934; and that none of them thereafter performed any such duties or received any compensation as such deputies. The returns from each of the above-named voting precincts showed that appellee received a majority of the votes cast therein, and that if such returns were excluded from the canvass of the votes cast, appellant would be left with a substantial majority of the votes cast at such election in all the other voting precincts in the county. A more definite statement with reference to such returns is not deemed material. Appellant does not charge that any of the above-named election officers failed in any respect to fairly and impartially discharge his duties as such, and the court in this connection found affirmatively that all the same "performed the duties of their respective positions in said election in the manner provided by law, and that neither of them were guilty of any fraud, and that their presence and participation in conducting said election in said precincts did not constitute an obstacle to a fair and free expression of the will of the electors voting in said precinct." The court further found that the selection of the above-named election officers was not fraudulently brought about; that their service as such did not cast suspicion or doubt upon the result of the election in the respective precincts in which they served; and that the electors voting in such precincts should not be disfranchised because of such service. The court thereupon refused to declare the election held in said several voting precincts void and refused to exclude the returns from the same from the canvass of the vote cast in such election, and rendered the judgment hereinbefore recited.

Appellant insists that the provisions of article 2940 are mandatory; that each of the election officers aforesaid was disqualified and prohibited thereby from acting as such; and that the election in...

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16 cases
  • Little v. Alto Independent School Dist. of Alto, Cherokee County, 759
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Civil Appeals of Texas
    • 29 Agosto 1974
    ...will not render the election void. Hunnicut v. State, 75 Tex. 233, 12 S.W. 106; Bell v. Faulkner, 84 Tex. 187, 19 S.W. 480; Gayle v. Alexander, 75 S.W.2d 706 (Tex.Civ.App., Waco, 1934, n.w.h.). Furthermore, this statute is directory only; hence complete observance of such is not necessary t......
  • Nichols v. Aldine Independent School Dist.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Civil Appeals of Texas
    • 29 Marzo 1962
    ...the consequences that would follow from each construction. Chisholm v. Bewley Mills, 1956, 155 Tex. 400, 287 S.W.2d 943; Gayle v. Alexander, Tex.Civ.App., 75 S.W.2d 706; State v. Fox, Tex.Civ.App., 133 S.W.2d 987, writ We think that in undertaking to determine the legislative intent, consid......
  • Alvarez v. Espinoza, 04-92-00440-CV
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas
    • 19 Noviembre 1992
    ...Antonio 1981, writ dism'd); Little v. Alto Indep. Sch. Dist., 513 S.W.2d 886, 889 (Tex.Civ.App.--Tyler 1974, writ dism'd); Gayle v. Alexander, 75 S.W.2d 706, 708 (Tex.Civ.App.--Waco 1934, no writ). Alvarez has not shown that the violations affected the outcome of the election. We hold that ......
  • Branaum v. Patrick, 16753
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas
    • 20 Octubre 1982
    ...In holding the timely payment provision to be mandatory the court rejected the notion of sufficient compliance. The court in Gayle v. Alexander, 75 S.W.2d 706 (Tex.Civ.App.--Waco 1934, no writ) recognized the difficulty inherent in categorizing election provisions as mandatory or directory.......
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