Goutier v. State, 97-00068

Citation692 So.2d 978
Decision Date30 April 1997
Docket NumberNo. 97-00068,97-00068
Parties22 Fla. L. Weekly D1092 Kevin Paul GOUTIER, Appellant, v. STATE of Florida, Appellee.
CourtCourt of Appeal of Florida (US)

Page 978

692 So.2d 978
22 Fla. L. Weekly D1092
Kevin Paul GOUTIER, Appellant,
STATE of Florida, Appellee.
No. 97-00068.
District Court of Appeal of Florida,
Second District.
April 30, 1997.


Kevin Goutier challenges the trial court's denial of his motion to correct sentence filed pursuant to Florida Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.800. Because his sentence on one count exceeds the statutory maximum, we reverse.

Goutier alleges in his motion that attempted second-degree murder with a weapon is a second-degree felony and that the scoresheet improperly scored it as a first-degree felony. Goutier's classification of his offense is correct if the charge of second-degree murder is first enhanced by the weapon to a life felony and then reduced to a second-degree felony by application of the attempt statute. However, the crime must be determined before any enhancement due to the use of a weapon, which is strictly a sentencing technique, can be applied. By applying the attempt statute first, the crime of second-degree murder is reduced from a first-degree felony to the second-degree felony of attempted second-degree murder. Next, the enhancement statute is applied to reclassify the second-degree felony to a first-degree felony. Therefore, the offense was properly classified as a first-degree felony. See Baque v. State, 653 So.2d 1105 (Fla. 3d DCA 1995). We observe that the trial court erroneously justified

Page 979

the classification by an analysis that relied on the facts adduced at the time the plea was entered rather than on the conviction actually obtained. Nevertheless, the trial court reached the correct result, albeit with an incorrect analysis.

The sentence imposed on this count, however, is illegal because it exceeds the statutory maximum of thirty years and is, therefore, subject to correction in a rule 3.800(a) proceeding. See Davis v. State, 661 So.2d 1193 (Fla.1995). The trial court sentenced Goutier to thirty years in prison, followed by ten years' probation. In a split sentence such as this one, the combined number of years of incarceration and probation cannot exceed the statutory maximum. Fla. R.Crim. P. 3.701(d)(12); Stephens v. State, 677 So.2d 1325 (Fla. 2d DCA 1996). Therefore, Goutier must be resentenced on this count.

Goutier also asserts that he was scored eighty victim-injury points in contravention of the dictates of Karchesky v. State, 591 So.2d 930 (Fla.1992). The factual basis recited at the time Goutier...

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14 cases
  • Wilson v. State
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • March 11, 2005
    ...reclassified as a first-degree felony based on use of a weapon); Badia v. State, 770 So.2d 300 (Fla. 3d DCA 2000); Goutier v. State, 692 So.2d 978 (Fla. 2d DCA 1997); Harris v. State, 660 So.2d 409, 410 (Fla. 4th DCA 1995); Maynoldi v. State, 456 So.2d 587, 588 (Fla. 3d DCA 1984). Where the......
  • Stoute v. State, 4D04-2936.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • December 21, 2005
    ...of the underlying crime due to the "attempt"; then, (2) apply the weapon enhancement to increase the classification. Goutier v. State, 692 So.2d 978, 978 (Fla. 2d DCA 1997). Following that procedure in this case required the trial court to drop the level of the defendant's conviction due to......
  • Gutierrez v. State
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • October 7, 2020
    ...decision); Brantley v. State, 32 So. 3d 89 (Fla. 2d DCA 2009) ; Davis v. State, 884 So. 2d 1058 (Fla. 2d DCA 2004) ; Goutier v. State, 692 So. 2d 978 (Fla. 2d DCA 1997) ; State v. Richards, 639 So. 2d 680 (Fla. 2d DCA 1994) ; Ramos v. State, 43 So. 3d 141 (Fla. 3d DCA 2010) ; Simms v. State......
  • Young v. State
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • July 1, 1998
    ...felony, while it is, in fact, a first-degree felony. See Mathis v. State, 693 So.2d 1032 (Fla. 2d DCA 1997); Goutier v. State, 692 So.2d 978 (Fla. 2d DCA 1997). Affirmed in part, reversed in part, and CAMPBELL, A.C.J., and FULMER and GREEN, JJ., concur. 1 Life felonies did not become eligib......
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