Green v. State, A92A1746

CourtUnited States Court of Appeals (Georgia)
Citation429 S.E.2d 694,208 Ga.App. 1
Docket NumberNo. A92A1746,A92A1746
PartiesGREEN v. The STATE.
Decision Date18 March 1993

Page 694

429 S.E.2d 694
208 Ga.App. 1

No. A92A1746.
Court of Appeals of Georgia.
March 18, 1993.

[208 Ga.App. 4] Friedman, Donaldson & Phillips, Robert P. Phillips III and Todd A. Hall, Savannah, for appellant.

Spencer Lawton, Jr., Dist. Atty. and David T. Lock, Asst. Dist. Atty., for appellee.

[208 Ga.App. 1] BIRDSONG, Presiding Judge.

After being tried for murder, two counts of aggravated assault, armed robbery, and two counts of possession of a firearm during the commission of a felony, Johnny Green was convicted only of the armed

Page 695

robbery. He now appeals that conviction. Green contends the trial court erred by refusing to accept a verdict even though the jury had returned to the courtroom and had announced it had reached a verdict on all charges, by recharging the jury after it had reached a verdict, by giving a repetitive, inaccurate and misleading recharge that was unduly coercive and unfairly suggestive, by excluding the testimony of a clinical psychologist, and by refusing to grant a timely motion for a continuance.

Green's brief does not comply with Rule 15 of this court; the argument is not numbered sequentially following the enumerations of error, but is one continuous argument. Rule 15 (c)(1). Further, some arguments are without citations of authority. Rule 15(c)(2). Held:

1. The transcript shows that Green's first two enumerations of error, concerning charging the jury after the jury announced it had reached a verdict on all counts, arises from the trial court's attempt to correct what it believed was an erroneous response to the jury's request for further instruction. Before the recharge could be given, however, the jury advised that it had reached a verdict. Although the jury was returned to the courtroom, it was directed not to announce its verdict, and this verdict was not published. Then the trial court [208 Ga.App. 2] recharged the jury to correct the earlier instruction, and returned the jury for further deliberation. The jury later returned, and published in open court, a verdict finding Green guilty of armed robbery. We find no error.

The trial court is obliged to charge the jury on the law applicable to the case. Pope v. State, 52 Ga.App. 411, 413, 183 S.E. 630. Therefore, the trial court was authorized to correct any errors in the charge (Turner v. State, 178 Ga.App. 888, 889-890, 345 S.E.2d 99; Barraza v. State, 149 Ga.App. 738, 739, 256 S.E.2d 48), and could do so sua sponte. Litmon v. State, 186 Ga.App. 762, 763, 368 S.E.2d 530. Thus, the only issue is whether the trial court was precluded from doing so because the jury advised that it had reached and was ready to announce its verdict. Since "[v]erdicts acquire their legality from return and publication" (Bradley v. State, 135 Ga.App. 865, 870, 219 S.E.2d 451), there was no verdict in this case until it was received and published in open court. Bell v. State, 163 Ga.App. 672, 674, 295 S.E.2d 147; Harden v. State, 160 Ga.App. 514, 516, 287 S.E.2d 329. Therefore, we hold that it was not error to...

To continue reading

Request your trial
14 cases
  • Washington v. State, A16A1430
    • United States
    • United States Court of Appeals (Georgia)
    • 15 Noviembre 2016
    ...was no verdict in this case until it was received and published in open court." (Citation and punctuation omitted.) Green v. State , 208 Ga.App. 1, 2 (1), 429 S.E.2d 694 (1993). As a result, the jury's notes that it had deadlocked were not controlling once it returned its verdict. See State......
  • Cawthon v. State, A19A0638
    • United States
    • United States Court of Appeals (Georgia)
    • 21 Junio 2019
    ...presented a single sentence making a conclusory allegation that evidence was insufficient to support his conviction); Green v. State , 208 Ga. App. 1, 2-3 (2), 429 S.E.2d 694 (1993) ("The principal purpose of argument is to provide guidance to this [C]ourt on the basis for a claim of error ......
  • Davis v. State, A00A0239.
    • United States
    • United States Court of Appeals (Georgia)
    • 7 Junio 2000
    ...police attempted to lift fingerprints. 15. See Carter v. State, supra, 237 Ga.App. at 706(1)(b), 516 S.E.2d 556. 16. Green v. State, 208 Ga.App. 1, 2-3(2), 429 S.E.2d 694 17. (Citation and punctuation omitted.) Joint Venture v. McDaniel, 224 Ga.App. 716(1), 481 S.E.2d 836 (1997). 18. Picken......
  • Wellstar Health Sys., Inc. v. Sutton, s. A12A1426
    • United States
    • United States Court of Appeals (Georgia)
    • 27 Noviembre 2012
    ...that they had acquitted defendant of murder was not a verdict because it was not received and published in open court); Green v. State, 208 Ga.App. 1, 2(1), 429 S.E.2d 694 (1993) (although jury advised court that it had reached a verdict, there was no verdict at that point because it had no......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT