Grubbs v. Smith

Decision Date09 November 1936
Docket NumberNo. 7103.,7103.
Citation86 F.2d 275
PartiesGRUBBS v. SMITH et al.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Sixth Circuit

Millard D. Grubbs, of Louisville, Ky., in pro per.

J. M. L. Smith, of Louisville, Ky., for appellees.

Before HICKS and SIMONS, Circuit Judges, and HAHN, District Judge.

HAHN, District Judge.

Appellant (hereinafter referred to as plaintiff) appeals from an order dismissing his petition.1 He had filed a petition, an amended petition, and an amended and substituted petition. He had been directed by the court to combine the first two pleadings in a single pleading.

A preliminary question arises as to whether the action in the court below was pending upon all of the pleadings named or upon the amended and substituted petition only. That it was the intention of the plaintiff that the amended and substituted petition should supersede the petition and the amended petition appears from the amended and substituted petition itself. It contains 107 typewritten pages, recites that it is filed in compliance with the order of the court requiring the plaintiff to combine his petition and amended petition in one amended and substituted petition, and, by reference, incorporates all of the exhibits theretofore filed in the action with the petition and the amended petition the same as if copied in full in the amended and substituted petition. But whatever the plaintiff's intention, as a matter of law the amended and substituted petition superseded the prior pleadings in the case. Ferguson, Ex'r, v. Meredith, 1 Wall. (68 U.S.) 25, 17 L.Ed. 604; Brown Sheet Iron, etc., Co. v. Maple Leaf, etc., Co. (C.C.A.8) 68 F.(2d) 787; Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Phillips (C.C.A.10) 69 F.(2d) 901; Bedell v. Baltimore & O. R. Co. (D.C.E.D.Ohio) 245 F. 788.

Plaintiff claims to be prosecuting his action under certain sections of the Civil Rights Acts, Rev.St. § 1979, 8 U.S.C.A. § 43, Rev.St. § 1980, 8 U.S.C.A. § 47 (2) (3), and he also claims to have been deprived of rights guaranteed to him by the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.2 The larger part of the amended and substituted petition consists of allegations seeking to state a cause of action at law under the statutes and the Amendment to the Constitution. In the final paragraph of his amended and substituted petition, plaintiff alleges, in substance, that the wrongful conspiracy against him to deprive him of his constitutional and civil rights is still in existence, that unless an injunction is issued against the defendants restraining and enjoining them, he will be further oppressed and denied his civil rights by the alleged conspirators, and that he has no adequate remedy at law. By this final paragraph plaintiff seeks to state a cause of action in equity. The prayer of his amended and substituted petition is for a judgment for damages in a large sum and for an injunction restraining the defendants and each of them from further carrying out the alleged unlawful objects of the alleged unlawful conspiracy.

That it is improper in a federal court to join in one suit legal and equitable causes of action is well settled. Twist v. Prairie Oil Co., 274 U.S. 684, 687, 47 S.Ct. 755, 756, 71 L.Ed. 1297; Cherry v. Howell (C.C.A.2) 66 F.(2d) 713, 715; Burgess v. Wilbur, 60 App.D.C. 212, 50 F.(2d) 502; Brooks v. Yarbrough (C.C.A.10) 37 F.(2d) 527, 529, 530; Bennett v. Butterworth, 11 How. 669, 674, 13 L.Ed. 859; Hurt v. Hollingsworth, 100 U.S. 100, 25 L.Ed. 569; Buzard v. Houston, 119 U.S. 347, 351, 7 S. Ct. 249, 30 L.Ed. 451; Cherokee Nation v. Southern Kansas R. Co., 135 U.S. 641, 651, 10 S.Ct. 965, 34 L.Ed. 295; Jones v. McMasters, 20 How. 8, 15 L.Ed. 805; Broderick's Will Case, 21 Wall. 503, 520, 22 L. Ed. 599; Lindsay v. First Nat. Bank, 156 U.S. 485, 493, 15 S.Ct. 472, 39 L.Ed. 505; Berkey v. Cornell (C.C.) 90 F. 711; United States v. Boyd (C.C.) 118 F. 89; Michelsen v. Penney (D.C.) 10 F.Supp. 537, 540. In the case of Thompson v. Central Ohio Railway Co. (1867) 6 Wall. 134, 137, 18 L.Ed. 765, the court said: "And although the forms of proceedings and practice in the State courts shall have been adopted in the Circuit Courts of the United States, yet the adoption of the State practice must not be understood as confounding the principles of law and equity, nor as authorizing legal and equitable claims to be blended together in one suit."

It follows that unless plaintiff amended his pleading, his action was subject to dismissal. In its interlocutory order sustaining the motion to dismiss for misjoinder of causes of action, the court below granted leave to the plaintiff to plead further. He expressly declined to do so.3 Th...

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8 cases
  • Kares v. Horton
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 6th Circuit. United States District Court (Western District Michigan)
    • April 23, 2021
    ...... on bail) [ 9 ] ; McDonald v. Smith , No. 02-cv-6743, 2003 WL 22284131, at *6 (E.D.N.Y. Aug. 21, 2003),. aff'd on other ... See. Hayward , 759 F.3d at 617-18; but cf. Grubbs v. Smith , 86 F.2d 275, 275 (6th Cir. 1936) (concluding that. regardless of the party's ......
  • National Labor Rel. Bd. v. Atlanta Metallic Casket Co.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • July 10, 1953
    ...& Steel Co. v. Maple Leaf Oil & R. Co., 8 Cir., 68 F.2d 787, 788; Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Phillips, 10 Cir., 69 F.2d 901, 903; Grubbs v. Smith, 6 Cir., 86 F.2d 275, certiorari denied 300 U.S. 658, 57 S.Ct. 437, 81 L.Ed. 867; U. S. v. Gentry, 8 Cir., 119 F. 70, 75; Bedell v. Baltimore & O. R.......
  • Springfield Library v. Knoedler Archivum
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 1st Circuit. United States District Courts. 1st Circuit. District of Massachusetts
    • September 30, 2004
    ...agreed that Plaintiff's Second Amended Complaint and Defendant's Answer constitute the pleadings to be considered. See Grubbs v. Smith, 86 F.2d 275, 275 (6th Cir.1936) (stating that in considering a judgment on the pleadings, "as a matter of law the amended and substituted petition supersed......
  • Loux v. Rhay
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
    • March 6, 1967
    ...71 C.J.S. Pleading § 321. By filing an amended complaint, plaintiff waives any error in the ruling to the original complaint. Grubbs v. Smith, 86 F.2d 275 (6 Cir.) cert. den. 300 U.S. 658, 57 S.Ct. 437, 81 L.Ed. 867; Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Phillips, 69 F.2d 901 (CA The appeal is from the ju......
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