Hale v. State, PC-96-939

Citation934 P.2d 1100
Decision Date13 March 1997
Docket NumberNo. PC-96-939,PC-96-939
Parties1997 OK CR 16 Alvie James HALE, Petitioner, v. The STATE of Oklahoma, Respondent.
CourtUnited States State Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma. Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma

Randy A. Bauman, Oklahoma Indigent Defense System, Norman, for Petitioner.

No Response Necessary from the State.



Petitioner Alvie James Hale has appealed to this Court from an order of the District Court of Pottowatomie County denying his application for post-conviction relief in Case No. CRF-84-208. Petitioner's first degree murder conviction and death sentence were affirmed by this Court in Hale v. State, 750 P.2d 130 (Okl.Cr.1988). The United States Supreme Court subsequently denied a Petition for Certiorari. See Hale v. Oklahoma, 488 U.S. 878, 109 S.Ct. 195, 102 L.Ed.2d 164 (1988). Petitioner's first application for post-conviction relief was denied by the District Court and a subsequent appeal of that denial was affirmed by this Court in Hale v. State, 807 P.2d 264 (Okl.Cr.1991). A second Petition for Certiorari filed with the United States Supreme Court was denied in Hale v. Oklahoma, 502 U.S. 902, 112 S.Ct. 280, 116 L.Ed.2d 231 (1991). A second application for post-conviction relief was filed by Petitioner in the District Court and relief was denied. It is that denial which Petitioner now appeals.

The Post-Conviction Procedure Act sets forth the procedures for a defendant to challenge his or her conviction and sentence after resolution of the direct appeal. 22 O.S.1991, § 1080-1089. 1 All grounds for relief must be raised in the original, supplemental or amended application unless the petitioner shows sufficient reason why a ground for relief was not previously asserted or a sufficient reason why a ground for relief was inadequately raised in a prior application. The Post-Conviction Procedure Act is not intended to provide a second appeal. Fox v. State, 880 P.2d 383, 384 (Okl.Cr.1994); Ellington v. Crisp, 547 P.2d 391, 393 (Okl.Cr.1976). This Court will not consider an issue which was raised on direct appeal and is therefore barred by res judicata, nor will we consider an issue which has been waived because it could have been raised on direct appeal but was not. Mann v. State, 856 P.2d 992, 993 (Okl.Cr.1993), cert. denied, 511 U.S. 1100, 114 S.Ct.1869, 128 L.Ed.2d 490 (1994); Hale v. State, 807 P.2d at 266-67. Therefore, we will not address Petitioner's propositions which are barred by waiver or res judicata. This includes proposition of error number three wherein Petitioner argues that he was subjected to double jeopardy as a result of his federal conviction for extortion and his state conviction of kidnapping for purposes of extortion. This allegation was raised and addressed on direct appeal. Therefore, further consideration of the issue is barred by res judicata.

In his first and second propositions of error, Petitioner contends that intervening changes in the law since his direct appeal warrant reversal of his conviction and sentence. In his first proposition of error, Petitioner asserts reversal is warranted because he was given the flight instruction condemned by this Court in Mitchell v. State, 876 P.2d 682, 685-86 (Okl.Cr.1993). He contends the instruction given in his case violated his fundamental right to the presumption of innocence.

In his second proposition of error, Petitioner asserts that the provisions of Hunter v. State, 829 P.2d 64 (Okl.Cr.1992) were violated by the State's filing of an Amended Bill of Particulars immediately prior to trial. He contends the late filing violated his constitutional right to adequate notice of the aggravating circumstances alleged against him. As discussed below, both issues involve new rules of criminal procedure which will not be applied retroactively to cases in which a final decision has been rendered nor to cases pending on collateral review at the time the new rule is laid down.

An intervening change in constitutional law which impacts the judgment and sentence has been held a sufficient reason for not previously asserting a claim for relief. Stewart v. State, 495 P.2d 834, 836 (Okl.Cr.1972). See also Rojem v. State, 829 P.2d 683, 684 (Okl.Cr.1992); 22 O.S.1991, § 1086. In Rivers v. State, 889 P.2d 288, 291 (Okl.Cr.1994), this Court held that the rule in Mitchell was an interpretation and application of state law and did not create any new constitutional right. This Court could therefore limit the application of the rule and did so holding that it would not be applied retroactively, but prospectively only. Therefore, as Petitioner's appeal has been final for approximately eight (8) years, Mitchell does not apply. Petitioner is not entitled to relief on this ground.

In Hunter v. State, this Court held that in a capital case the State must file the Bill of Particulars prior to or at the arraignment of the defendant. In Thomas v. State, 888 P.2d 522, 527 (Okl.Cr.1994) the Court said that Hunter was a new rule of criminal procedure which did not apply to those cases pending on collateral review at the time the new rule is laid down. As post-conviction is a form of collateral review, Hunter will not be applied on post-conviction. Id. Therefore, Hunter is not applicable to Petitioner's case and relief is denied on this ground.

In his second proposition of error, Petitioner also contends that despite the applicability of Hunter to his case, he has a federal constitutional claim warranting relief. Any further consideration of the issue of the filing of the Bill of Particulars is barred by res judicata as the issue was raised and addressed on direct appeal.

In his fourth proposition of error, Petitioner contends his previous counsel was ineffective for failing to raise issues entitling him to relief. In particular he refers to the flight instruction issue. Further, he asserts the district court erred in failing to grant an evidentiary hearing on the issue.

Complaints concerning the performance of trial counsel are now barred as the claim was raised on direct appeal. Complaints concerning the assistance of counsel on direct appeal are also barred as that claim was raised in the first application for post-conviction relief. Complaints addressed to the performance of counsel during post-conviction, being raised now at the first available opportunity, will be addressed on the merits.

The test for determining the effectiveness of both trial and appellate counsel is the standard of "reasonably effective assistance" set forth in Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 686-88, 104 S.Ct. 2052, 2064, 80 L.Ed.2d 674, 692-93 (1984); Hooks v. State, 902 P.2d 1120, 1123 n. 14 (Okl.Cr.1995). Interpreting Strickland, the Supreme Court has held:

... a criminal defendant alleging prejudice must show "that counsel's errors were so serious as to deprive the defendant of a fair trial, a trial whose result is reliable." Strickland, 466 U.S., at 687 ; see also Kimmelman v. Morrison, 477 U.S. 365, 374 [106 S.Ct. 2574, 2582, 91 L.Ed.2d 305] (1986) ("The essence of an ineffective-assistance claim is that counsel's unprofessional errors so upset the adversarial balance between defense and prosecution that the trial was rendered unfair and the verdict rendered suspect"); Nix v. Whiteside, supra [475 U.S. 157], at 175 [106 S.Ct. 988, 998-99, 89 L.Ed.2d 123 (1986)]. Thus, an analysis focusing solely on mere outcome determination, without attention to whether the result of the proceeding was fundamentally unfair or unreliable, is defective. To set aside a conviction or...

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5 cases
  • Hale v. Gibson
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Tenth Circuit
    • September 25, 2000
    ...was denied. On appeal, the Court of Criminal Appeals again affirmed the denial of post-conviction relief. Hale v. State, 934 P.2d 1100 (Okla. Crim. App. 1997) ("Hale III"). Hale then filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus on February 28, 1997 in the United States District Court for the ......
  • Johnson v. Royal
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Northern District of Oklahoma
    • October 11, 2016
    ...and citation omitted). As to Johnson's claim of ineffective assistance of post-conviction counsel, the OCCA cited Hale v. State, 934 P.2d 1100, 1102 (Okla. Crim. App. 1997), Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 1089(D)(8) and (9) (Supp. 2006), and Rule 9.7(G), Rules of the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appe......
  • Valdez v. State
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    • United States State Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma. Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma
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    ...on direct appeal. Patton v. State, 989 P.2d 983, 988 (Okl.Cr.1999); Darks v. State, 954 P.2d 169, 172 (Okl.Cr. 1998); Hale v. State, 934 P.2d 1100, 1102 (Okl.Cr.1997); Smith v. State, 878 P.2d 375, 378 (Okl.Cr.1994). Accordingly, the doctrine of res judicata bars re-litigation of the issue ......
  • Van Woudenberg v. State
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    • United States State Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma. Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma
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    ...adjudicated in prior post-conviction applications and those issues which could have been raised but were not. See Hale v. State, 934 P.2d 1100, 1101-02 (Okl.Cr.1997); Newsted v. State, 908 P.2d 1388, 1391 (Okl.Cr.1995); Fowler v. State, 896 P.2d 566, 568-569 (Okl.Cr.1995); Fox v. State, 880......
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