In re 2022 Revisions to Okla. Unif. Jury Instructions-Criminal (Second Edition), CCAD-2022-1

CourtUnited States State Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma. Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma
Citation2022 OK CR 20
Docket NumberCCAD-2022-1
PartiesIN RE: ADOPTION OF THE 2022 REVISIONS TO THE OKLAHOMA UNIFORM JURY INSTRUCTIONS-CRIMINAL (SECOND EDITION)
Decision Date29 August 2022

2022 OK CR 20

IN RE: ADOPTION OF THE 2022 REVISIONS TO THE OKLAHOMA UNIFORM JURY INSTRUCTIONS-CRIMINAL (SECOND EDITION)

No. CCAD-2022-1

Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma

August 29, 2022


ORDER ADOPTING AMENDMENTS TO OKLAHOMA UNIFORM JURY INSTRUCTIONS-CRIMINAL (SECOND EDITION)

¶1 On August 3, 2022, the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals Committee for Preparation of Uniform Jury Instructions submitted its report and recommendations to the Court for adoption of amendments to Oklahoma Uniform Jury Instructions-Criminal (Second Edition). The Court has reviewed the report and recommendations by the committee for the adoption of the proposed 2022 revisions to the Uniform Jury Instructions. Pursuant to 12 O.S.2021, § 577.1, the Court accepts that report and finds the revisions should be adopted.

¶2 IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED ADJUDGED AND DECREED that the report of the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals Committee for Preparation of Uniform Jury Instructions shall be accepted, and its revisions adopted. The revisions shall be available for access via the internet from this Court's website at www.okcca.net on the date of this order and provided to West Publishing Company for publication. The Administrative Office of the Courts is requested to duplicate and provide copies of the revisions to the judges of the District Courts and the District Courts of the State of Oklahoma are directed to implement the utilization of these revisions effective on the date of this order.

¶3 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED ADJUDGED AND DECREED that the amendments to existing OUJI-CR (2d) instructions, and the adoption of new instructions, as set out in the following designated instructions and attached to this order, are adopted, to wit:

1-8A; 3-41; 4-35; 4-35A; 4-35B; 4-36; 4-37; 4-37A; 4-38 4-39; 4-40; 4-40D

¶4 The Court also accepts and authorizes the updated committee comments to be published, together with the above styled revisions and each amended page in the revisions to be noted at the bottom as follows "(2022 Supp.)".

¶5 IT IS THE FURTHER ORDER OF THIS COURT that the members of the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals Committee for Preparation of Uniform Criminal Jury Instructions be commended for their ongoing efforts to provide up-to-date Uniform Jury Instructions to the bench and the bar of the State of Oklahoma.

¶6 IT IS SO ORDERED.

¶7 WITNESS OUR HANDS AND THE SEAL OF THIS COURT this 29th day of August, 2022.

SCOTT ROWLAND, Presiding Judge ROBERT L. HUDSON, Vice Presiding Judge GARY L. LUMPKIN, Judge DAVID B. LEWIS, Judge WILLIAM J. MUSSEMAN, Judge

OUJI-CR 1-8A

OPENING INSTRUCTION - DUTY OF JURORS

It is your responsibility as jurors to determine the credibility of each witness and the weight to be given the testimony of the witness. In order to make this determination, you may properly consider the overall reaction of the witness while testifying; his/her the frankness or lack of frankness of the witness; his/her the interest and bias, if any , of the witness; the means and opportunity the witness had to know the facts about which he/she the witness testifies; and the reasonableness or unreasonableness of his/her the testimony in light of all the evidence in the case. You are not required to believe the testimony of any witness simply because he/she the witness is under oath. You may believe or disbelieve all or part of the testimony of any witness. It is your duty to determine what testimony is worthy of belief and what testimony is not worthy of belief.

It is my responsibility as the judge to insure the evidence is presented according to the law, to instruct you as to the law, and to rule on objections raised by the attorneys. No statement or ruling by me is intended to indicate any opinion concerning the facts or evidence.

It is the responsibility of the attorneys to present evidence, to examine and cross-examine witnesses, and to argue the evidence. No statement or argument of the attorneys is evidence.

From time to time during the trial, the attorneys may raise objections. When an objection is made, you should not speculate on the reason why it is made. When an objection is approved or sustained by me, you should not speculate on what might have occurred or what might have been said had the objection not been sustained.

Throughout the trial you should remain alert and attentive. Do not form or express an opinion on the case until it is submitted to you for your decision. Do not discuss this case among yourselves until that time. Do not tell anybody about the case, discuss this case with anyone else, or permit anyone else to discuss this case in your presence. This includes either in person or by electronic, telephonic or any other means. Do not talk to the attorneys, the defendant(s), or the witness(es). If anyone should attempt to discuss this case with you, report the incident to me or to the bailiff immediately. This case must be decided solely upon the evidence presented to you in this courtroom, free from any outside influence. This means that during the trial you must not conduct any independent research about the case, the matters in the case, the individuals, witnesses, attorneys, or organizations in the case. In other words, you should not consult dictionaries or reference materials, search the internet, websites, blogs, or use any other electronic tools to obtain information about the case or to help you decide the case. Do not read newspaper reports or obtain information from any other source about this trial or the issues, parties, or witnesses involved in this case, and do not watch or listen to television or radio reports about it.

While court is in session, please power off or place in airplane mode, all electronic devices. These devices include, but are not limited to, cell phones, Apple Watches, Garmins, or other personal electronics worn on your person. This will allow you to concentrate on the evidence without interruption. If you are required to use your device for medical reasons, please inform the court clerk. You may keep your cell phone or other devices with you until deliberation begins.

At this point in the trial, the attorney for the State reads the information/indictment, the plea of the defendant(s), and gives an opening statement. The attorney for the defendant(s) may give an opening statement after the attorney for the State, or may elect to reserve his/her opening statement until the conclusion of the evidence by the State. Opening statements are not evidence but serve as guides so that you may better understand and evaluate the evidence when it is presented.

Following the opening statements, witnesses are called to testify. Witnesses are sworn and then examined and cross-examined by the attorneys. Exhibits may also be introduced into evidence.

After the evidence is completed, I will instruct you on the law applicable to the case. The attorneys are then permitted closing arguments. Closing arguments are not evidence and are permitted for purposes of persuasion only.

When closing arguments are completed, the case will be submitted to you. You will then retire to consider your verdict.

The attorney for the State may now proceed.

OUJI-CR 3-41

FAILURE TO REGISTER AS A VIOLENT OFFENDER

No person may be convicted of failing to register as a violent offender under the Mary Rippy Violent Crime Offenders Registration Act unless the State has proved beyond a reasonable doubt each element of the crime.

First, the person has (been convicted of)/(received a suspended sentence for)/(received a probationary term under the law of [specify other jurisdiction] for)/(received a deferred judgment for) [specify the particular crime listed in 57 O.S. 2021, § 593(B) ];

Second, the person received notice that he/she was required to register as a violent offender with the Department of Corrections and the local law enforcement authority having jurisdiction in the area where the offender resides or intends to reside;

Third, the person failed to register with the (Department of Corrections)/([specify the particular local law enforcement agency for the area where the person resides or intends to reside])/(Department of Corrections and the [specify the particular local law enforcement agency for the area where the person resides or intends to reside]);

Fourth, within [specify period of time in 57 O.S. 2021, § 594(A) or (B)] after [specify the particular event in 57 O.S. 2021, § 594(A) or (B) that triggered the registration requirement].

Statutory Authority: 57 O.S. 2021, §§ 593, 594.

Notes on Use

The "local law enforcement authority" is defined in 57 O.S. 2021, § 592.

Committee Comments

The Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals held in Burns v. State, 2019 OK CR 27, ¶ 6, 453 P.3d 1244, 1245, that the defendant must have been given notice of the registration requirement. To aid trial courts in providing that notice, the Court modified the Uniform Plea of Guilty form, Form 13.10, and the Uniform Judgment and Sentence form Form 13.8. Id. at ¶ 9, 453 P.3d at 1246. The Court also provided a suggested uniform jury instruction for the guidance of trial courts. Id. at ¶ 12, 453 P.3d at 1247.

OUJI-CR 4-35

CHILD ABUSE - ELEMENTS

No person may be convicted of child abuse unless the State has proved beyond a reasonable doubt each element of the crime. These elements are:

First , a person willfully/maliciously;

Second , harmed/(threatened harm to) the health, safety, or welfare;

Third , of a child under the age of eighteen;

OR

First, a person responsible for a child's health, safety, or welfare;

Second, willfully/maliciously;

Third, harmed/(threatened harm)/( failed to protect from harm/(threatened harm) ) to the health, safety, or welfare;

Fourth, of a child under the age of eighteen.

OR

First, a person willfully/maliciously;

Second, harmed/(threatened harm to) the health, safety, or...

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