In re Otsego Waxed Paper Co.

Decision Date27 February 1935
Docket NumberNo. 5146.,5146.
Citation14 F. Supp. 15
CourtU.S. District Court — Western District of Michigan

Mason & Sharpe, of Kalamazoo, Mich., for petitioner.

Hoffman & Hoffman, of Allegan, Mich., and Howard & Howard, of Kalamazoo, Mich., for trustee in bankruptcy.

Wilkes & Stone, of Allegan, Mich., for bankrupt.

RAYMOND, District Judge.

The trustee in bankruptcy filed specifications of objections to the allowance of the claim of Mac Sim Bar Paper Company in the sum of $39,851.16; the objection principally relied upon being that prior to bankruptcy bankrupt was a mere adjunct or instrumentality of claimant. The trustee prayed that payment of the claim be deferred until all other creditors are paid in full.

The objections were overruled by the referee, and the matter is now before the court on petition for review. Extensive augmentation of the referee's findings of fact is unnecessary, in view of the conclusions reached by the court. It appears that for a period of about four years prior to incorporation of bankrupt the Mac Sim Bar Paper Company had operated a waxed paper plant as a division of its own company; the books of the division being kept separately and its affairs being directed by the officers of claimant. Bankrupt was incorporated on October 31, 1929. From that time to the date of bankruptcy the affairs of bankrupt were directed, controlled, and managed in substantially the same manner as they had been during the preceding four years. The Mac Sim Bar Paper Company manufactured paper board, while the bankrupt manufactured waxed paper. The plants of the two companies were adjacent. Accounts, corporate records, and books of bankrupt were kept by employees of Mac Sim Bar Paper Company. The trustee in bankruptcy was unable to find these corporate records, and the disposition of them is not clear. The record fairly discloses, however, that all matters of business policy concerning bankrupt were directed and controlled, not by a board of directors acting as such, but by the officers of claimant. All of the capital stock of bankrupt was owned by claimant. With two exceptions, all the directors of bankrupt were directors of claimant. The president, secretary, treasurer, and head bookkeeper of bankrupt had their offices in the main office of claimant. Bankrupt's incoming mail went first to claimant's office. All loans and purchases were made through the main office of claimant and credit reports to commercial agencies emanated therefrom. At the time of the adjudication, claimant held about one-third of the total of unsecured claims.

The loss of the corporate records increases the difficulty of ascertaining with certainty the extent of control exercised by claimant. The record as made, however, is sufficient to warrant the conclusion that during the period following incorporation bankrupt's affairs were directed and controlled as they had been for four...

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8 cases
  • Pepper v. Litton
    • United States
    • U.S. Supreme Court
    • 4 December 1939
    ... ... 25 See comment in 45 Yale L. Journ. 1471. 26 In re Otsego Waxed Paper Co., D.C., 14 F.Supp. 15. The court said, 14 F.Supp. page 16, 'The applicable principle ... ...
  • State ex rel. Christensen v. Nugget Coal Company, 2265
    • United States
    • Wyoming Supreme Court
    • 25 January 1944
    ... ... v. Hewlett, 193 Cal. 675; 227 P. 723; In re Otsego ... Waxed Paper Co., 14 F.Supp. 15. On the other hand the ... mere fact that one or more persons ... ...
  • DeMartino v. Monroe Little League, Inc.
    • United States
    • Connecticut Supreme Court
    • 21 February 1984
    ... ... In re Otsego Waxed Paper Co., 14 F.Supp. 15 (W.D.Mich.1935). One corporation may be [192 Conn. 276] ... ...
  • Krivo Industrial Sup. Co. v. National Distill. & Chem. Corp.
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Fifth Circuit
    • 7 August 1973
    ... ... in order to affix liability to the defendant bank, this Court refused to be bound by the paper technicalities of the relationship, and stated: ... The important question is whether the ... See also In re Otsego Waxed Paper Co., 14 F.Supp. 15 (W.D. Mich.1935) (dominant corporation operated subservient ... ...
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