King v. Maldonado, No. 1147

CourtCourt of Appeals of Texas. Court of Civil Appeals of Texas
Writing for the CourtBISSETT
Citation552 S.W.2d 940
PartiesDavid E. KING, Appellant, v. Vidal Garcia MALDONADO et al., Appellees.
Docket NumberNo. 1147
Decision Date23 June 1977

Page 940

552 S.W.2d 940
David E. KING, Appellant,
v.
Vidal Garcia MALDONADO et al., Appellees.
No. 1147.
Court of Civil Appeals of Texas, Corpus Christi.
June 23, 1977.
Rehearing Denied June 30, 1977.

Page 941

Derryl L. Collins, William R. Edwards, Corpus Christi, for appellant.

Cecil D. Redford, Dyer, Redford, Burnett, Wray & Woolsey, Ronald B. Brin, Maddin, White & Brin, Corpus Christi, for appellees.

OPINION

BISSETT, Justice.

The only question presented by this appeal is whether the trial court abused its discretion in allowing two groups of defendants four peremptory challenges each, and allowing plaintiff six such challenges.

The suit arose out of a three-vehicle collision in which David E. King, plaintiff, allegedly was injured, and the automobile owned and operated by Mrs. Clevia F. Braselton, a defendant, was allegedly damaged. According to the allegations contained in plaintiff's petition, he was injured when his vehicle was struck by a truck which was owned by Mariano Rodriguez, under lease to Louisiana Elevator & Storage Company, Inc., and being operated by Vidal Maldonado, which truck was caused to swerve by certain alleged acts of negligence of Mrs. Clevia F. Braselton, the driver of an automobile which was traveling in front of the truck. Plaintiff filed suit on July 25, 1974 against Vidal Maldonado. Later, by amended pleadings, Louisiana Elevator & Storage Company, Inc., Mariano Rodriguez and Mrs. Clevia F. Braselton were made defendants to the suit. Vidal Maldonado filed a cross action against Mrs. Braselton for "indemnity and/or contribution" in the event he "was held liable to plaintiff." Mrs. Braselton filed a third party action

Page 942

against Vidal Maldonado, Mariano Rodriguez and Louisiana Elevator & Storage Company, Inc., to recover damages allegedly sustained to her automobile as a result of the collision.

Trial was to a jury, which found in a less than unanimous verdict that plaintiff was not injured in the collision. A take nothing judgment was rendered against plaintiff on April 28, 1976. Plaintiff has appealed.

Defendant Mrs. Clevia F. Braselton and the remaining defendants were antagonistic to each other at all times material to this appeal. Mrs. Braselton will henceforth be referred to as "Braselton," and the other three defendants, who were not antagonistic to each other, will hereafter be called "Louisiana Elevator."

The trial court timely aligned the parties. The propriety and correctness of the alignment is not questioned in this appeal. Plaintiff concedes that Braselton and Louisiana Elevator were antagonistic to each other.

Prior to the selection of the jury, plaintiff filed his "Motion for Equalization of Peremptory Challenges," wherein he asked for twelve peremptory challenges since Braselton and Louisiana Elevator had each asked for six challenges. The motion was overruled. The trial court allowed plaintiff six peremptory challenges, Braselton four peremptory challenges, and Louisiana Elevator four peremptory challenges. In addition, the defendants were expressly allowed to collaborate in exercising their total of eight peremptory challenges. Plaintiff objected on the grounds that the allowance of a total of eight peremptory challenges to the defendants, and the allowance of only six such challenges to him, plus the permission granted the defendants to collaborate, "thwarts the end of justice in that it unfairly allows the defendants an additional two strikes more than the plaintiff." It was further stated by plaintiff to the Court in what both plaintiff and the trial judge considered to be a Bill of Exception:

"Plaintiff has been harmed thereby in that Plaintiff has thereby needed to use its six peremptory challenges on six jurors the Plaintiff did not want on the panel, and there are at least two other jurors that Plaintiff did not want on the panel, but the failure to equalize strikes has forced Plaintiff in accepting these jurors and not allowing these jurors to be struck. Those jurors are a juror on the second panel, number 12, Al Laechelin, and juror number 9 on the first panel list, Mr. J. L. West."

Plaintiff also objected to the trial court's refusal to sustain his challenge for cause to venireman F. H. Dennis, and in his making his asserted Bill, further stated that as a result of such action by the court he was required to use one of his six challenges on Dennis, and was thereby forced to take venireman Frank Brandon "who plaintiff wished to strike." Plaintiff concluded with the statement:

"(A)ccordingly the plaintiff has been thereby prejudiced due to its being forced to use one of its peremptory challenges on venireman F. H. Dennis and unable to use such strike on venireman Frank Brandon. And, accordingly, plaintiff has been prejudiced in the overruling of its motion for equalization of peremptory challenges in that it had to accept two additional veniremen, J. L. West and Al Laechlin, as a result of the failure to equalize the number of strikes, and defendants' total in their collaboration."

The record shows that venireman Dennis was examined in great detail by plaintiff in his attempt to disqualify him for cause. The voir dire examination of the panel was not reported. No evidence, except part of the voir dire examination as to Dennis, was incorporated in the asserted Bill.

All parties exercised all of their peremptory strikes. There were no duplicate strikes between plaintiff and defendants, and the veniremen, Frank Brandon, Al Laechelin and J. L. West, sat on the jury. The verdict returned was a 10-2 verdict. Al Laechelin voted in plaintiff's favor. J. L. West and Frank...

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13 practice notes
  • Pojar v. Cifre, No. 13-03-234-CV.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas
    • February 23, 2006
    ...awarded to each litigant or side so that no litigant or side is given unfair advantage. See TEX.R. CIV. P. 233; King v. Maldonado, 552 S.W.2d 940, 943-45 (Tex.App.-Corpus Christi 1977, writ ref'd n.r.e). When antagonistic parties on the same side are required to share six strikes, it is err......
  • Lubbock Mfg. Co. v. Perez, No. 5965
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Civil Appeals of Texas
    • October 18, 1979
    ...NRE; Dean v. Texas Bitulithic Co. (Waco, Tex.Civ.App.1976) 538 S.W.2d 825, no writ; King v. Maldonado (Corpus Christi, Tex.Civ.App.1977) 552 S.W.2d 940, NRE. In an appeal claiming an abuse of discretion by a trial court, the burden is on the complaining party to show that the trial resultin......
  • Thomas v. Oil & Gas Bldg., Inc., No. 1348
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Civil Appeals of Texas
    • April 19, 1979
    ...because of the number of peremptory challenges allowed that party." In construing article 2151a, this Court held, in King v. Maldonado, 552 S.W.2d 940 (Tex.Civ.App. Corpus Christi 1977, writ ref'd n. r. e.) ". . . in multiple party cases, Article 2151a does not require, as a matter of Page ......
  • Patterson Dental Co. v. Dunn, No. B-8436
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Texas
    • December 19, 1979
    ...allowed each side. Petitioners argue that the holding conflicts with prior decisions of other courts of civil appeals. King v. Maldonado, 552 S.W.2d 940 (Tex.Civ.App. Corpus Christi 1977, writ ref'd n. r. e.); Dean v. Texas Bitulithic Co., 538 S.W.2d 825 (Tex.Civ.App. Waco 1976, no writ); A......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
13 cases
  • Pojar v. Cifre, No. 13-03-234-CV.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas
    • February 23, 2006
    ...awarded to each litigant or side so that no litigant or side is given unfair advantage. See TEX.R. CIV. P. 233; King v. Maldonado, 552 S.W.2d 940, 943-45 (Tex.App.-Corpus Christi 1977, writ ref'd n.r.e). When antagonistic parties on the same side are required to share six strikes, it is err......
  • Lubbock Mfg. Co. v. Perez, No. 5965
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Civil Appeals of Texas
    • October 18, 1979
    ...NRE; Dean v. Texas Bitulithic Co. (Waco, Tex.Civ.App.1976) 538 S.W.2d 825, no writ; King v. Maldonado (Corpus Christi, Tex.Civ.App.1977) 552 S.W.2d 940, NRE. In an appeal claiming an abuse of discretion by a trial court, the burden is on the complaining party to show that the trial resultin......
  • Patterson Dental Co. v. Dunn, No. B-8436
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Texas
    • December 19, 1979
    ...allowed each side. Petitioners argue that the holding conflicts with prior decisions of other courts of civil appeals. King v. Maldonado, 552 S.W.2d 940 (Tex.Civ.App. Corpus Christi 1977, writ ref'd n. r. e.); Dean v. Texas Bitulithic Co., 538 S.W.2d 825 (Tex.Civ.App. Waco 1976, no writ); A......
  • Thomas v. Oil & Gas Bldg., Inc., No. 1348
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Civil Appeals of Texas
    • April 19, 1979
    ...because of the number of peremptory challenges allowed that party." In construing article 2151a, this Court held, in King v. Maldonado, 552 S.W.2d 940 (Tex.Civ.App. Corpus Christi 1977, writ ref'd n. r. e.) ". . . in multiple party cases, Article 2151a does not require, as a matter of Page ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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