King v. State, 2253

Decision Date26 May 1961
Docket NumberNo. 2253,2253
Citation134 So.2d 502
PartiesHarry E. KING, Petitioner, v. STATE of Florida, Respondent.
CourtFlorida District Court of Appeals

Chester Bedell, Jacksonville, and L. Grady Burton, Wauchula, for petitioner.

Richard W. Ervin, Atty. Gen., and Edward S. Jaffry, Asst. Atty. Gen., for respondent.


The petitioner, Harry E. King seeks review, by certiorari, of the order of the circuit judge affirming his conviction on appeal from the Criminal Court of Record. This case has a long and varied record. In the case of Gordon v. State, Fla.1958, 104 So.2d 524, decided on July 25, 1958, a history is given which amply portrays the picture as a whole and gives the individuals concerned therewith their proper niches. Following the reversal in that case by the Supreme Court, there is the opinion of this court in Gordon v. State, Fla.App.1960, 119 So.2d 753, which opinion was handed down on March 25, 1960.

In the first Gordon case, supra, the appellants, Gordon and King, sought reversal of a judgment of conviction finding them guilty of subornation of perjury. In that case the other two appellants, Busbee and Arnold, sought reversal of the judgment of conviction finding them guilty of the crime of perjury. The Supreme Court reversed the convictions entered against the four defendants and remanded the cause for new trial. The opinion places the reversible error into six categories and then states:

'Other errors assigned have been carefully examined and we find that they fall within the categories of those which we have discussed in detail herein or else they are either harmless or no error at all.'

In the second case of Gordon v. State, supra, in an opinion by this court, we find that:

'Upon an information charging appellant, H. P. Gordon, and others, with conspiracy to commit perjury and subornation of perjury, and also charging James Busbee and Rollie Arnold with perjury, trial was had, and the felony convictions obtained under the information were reversed by the supreme court in the decision of Gordon v. State, Fla., 104 So.2d 524, and the cause remanded for new trial.

'The trial of the present cause, pursuant to the mandate, was had and the jury returned its verdict finding the appellant to be guilty of conspiracy as charged in the first two counts and to be guilty of subornation of perjury as charged in the latter two counts of the information.

'* * * [A]nd this appeal followed seeking appellate review of the judgment and sentence.'

This court affirmed the conviction and certiorari was denied by the Supreme Court. Gordon v. State, Fla.1960, 123 So.2d 349. In the meantime the petitioner herein was tried by the Criminal Court of Record in and for Polk County, Florida, upon an Information charging him in counts one and two of conspiracy to commit perjury and in counts three and four with subornation to commit perjury. He was convicted on counts one and two and was found not guilty on counts three and four. After the usual posttrial motions had been denied, the petitioner appealed to the Circuit Court and it is from its order affirming the Criminal Court of Record that he seeks writ of certiorari to quash the order of affirmance.

Both Arnold and Busbee had pled guilty to perjury at the time of the petitioner's last trial. H. P. Gordon was found guilty by a jury verdict. In his petition for certiorari the petitioner sets forth three points, namely:

1. Counts one and two do not charge an offense.

2. The evidence was insufficient to prove that petitioner conspired to have Busbee and Arnold commit perjury before the grand jury.

3. The trial was so infected with prejudicial error in procedure, in admission of evidence and improper arguments and comments of counsel and in the giving and refusing of instructions as to require a new trial.

Point three alleged thirteen specific errors, designated A through M.

The Constitution of Florida, Article V, Section 6(3), F.S.A., confers upon the circuit courts 'final appellate jurisdiction in all civil and criminal cases arising in the county court, or before county judges' courts, of all misdemeanors tried in criminal courts of record, and of all cases arising in municipal courts, small claims courts, and courts of justices of the peace.' The crime of...

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