Lloyd v. Kull

Citation329 F.2d 168
Decision Date11 March 1964
Docket Number14290.,No. 14289,14289
PartiesEvelyn M. LLOYD, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Albert F. KULL, Defendant-Appellant. Clifford G. LLOYD, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Albert F. KULL, Defendant-Appellant.
CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (7th Circuit)

Roland Obenchain, Jr., South Bend, Ind., for appellant.

Benjamin Piser, South Bend, Ind., for appellees.

Before DUFFY, KNOCH and SWYGERT, Circuit Judges.

SWYGERT, Circuit Judge.

Plaintiffs, Evelyn M. Lloyd and her husband, Clifford G. Lloyd, Michigan residents, instituted two tort actions against the South Bend Osteopathic Hospital, Inc., and two osteopathic general surgeons practicing in South Bend, Indiana, John L. Johnston and Albert F. Kull. In the first action, Evelyn M. Lloyd claimed damages for injuries resulting from malpractice and assault and battery. In the second action, Clifford G. Lloyd claimed damages for loss of his wife's services and medical expenses. The actions were consolidated for trial. At the close of plaintiffs' evidence, the district judge directed a verdict for the hospital. The jury returned verdicts for both plaintiffs against Kull but in favor of Johnston. Kull appeals from the judgments entered on the verdicts.

In September, 1958 Dr. Johnston performed a trachelotomy and oophorectomy on plaintiff. Following the surgery she developed a vesicovaginal fistula, a leak between the bladder and the vagina which permitted urine to flow uncontrolled from the bladder into the vagina.

In March, 1959 Dr. Kull attempted to repair the fistula. The operation was unsuccessful. Subsequently, in October, 1959 Dr. Milo O. Lunt of Elkhart, Indiana, a specialist in urology, repaired the fistula.

The jury found that Kull was negligent in his treatment of plaintiff and awarded her $7,500 damages and her husband, $2,000. The jury also awarded $500 for assault and battery because of the unauthorized removal by Kull of a small mole from plaintiff's leg during the March operation.

Defendant contends that the district court erred in refusing to direct a verdict for defendant, that the court did not have jurisdiction of the assault and battery claim, and that in any event the removal of the mole was authorized by plaintiff.

Defendant Kull contends that the evidence failed to support the jury's verdict. He argues that the evidence proves he had the degree of skill ordinarily possessed by general surgeons in the area and that he exercised such skill in the treatment of plaintiff.

To establish the charge of malpractice, plaintiff, in accordance with Indiana law (Worster v. Caylor, 231 Ind. 625, 110 N.E.2d 337 (1953)), presented expert testimony — that of Dr. Lunt. Dr. Lunt testified that the critical step in the successful repair of a vesicovaginal fistula is the removal of scar tissue. He further testified as follows:

"Q. Doctor, do you, may I ask you from your own experience, whether or not a fistula the size the one you observed on Mrs. Lloyd when you treated her in October, 1959, whether that ever closes on its own?
"A. A fistula that I saw I did not believe that it would close. It was not only deepened, but quite well open and water just goes to the most deepened part and continues to go there.
"Q. Doctor, let me ask you this: Do you have an opinion as to what is the cause of the greatest number of failures in the performance of vesicle vaginal fistula repairs?
"A. I believe first let me state my own. I believe that the one I had was from insufficient removal of the scar tissue. Those that I have read about seem to indicate approximately the same situation with possible difficulty with tension on the sutures."

Defendant says there was no evidence that he omitted to remove the scar tissue. He argues that the only reasonable interpretation to be given Dr. Lunt's testimony is that it referred to operations performed by Dr. Lunt and his statement, "the one I had," pertained not to plaintiff's surgery but to an operation Dr. Lunt performed which had failed. Plaintiff, on the other hand, says that the testimony referred to her. It could be reasonably inferred that the statement related specifically to plaintiff's operation; Dr. Lunt was in a position to so testify since he had examined plaintiff after Kull had performed his...

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9 cases
  • SJ Properties Suites v. Specialty Finance Group, LLC
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Eastern District of Wisconsin
    • August 25, 2010
    ...meet the requisite amount in controversy. See Clark v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 473 F.3d 708, 711 (7th Cir.2007); Lloyd v. Kull, 329 F.2d 168, 170 (7th Cir.1964). At least one of the plaintiffs listed in this action must meet the jurisdictional minimum amount in controversy. See Exxo......
  • Azimi v. Ford Motor Co.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Northern District of Illinois
    • August 15, 1996
    ...diversity complaint, where two counts did not satisfy amount in controversy) (relied upon by Haslam, supra); see also Lloyd v. Kull, 329 F.2d 168, 170 (7th Cir. 1964) (where plaintiff's claim for negligence exceeded jurisdictional minimum, while claim for assault and battery was below minim......
  • Response Oncology, Inc. v. Metrahealth Ins. Co.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Southern District of Florida
    • July 29, 1997
    ...and on all governmental plans and individual policies (¶¶ 23XX-23000). To support that argument, Plaintiff relies on Lloyd v. Kull, 329 F.2d 168, 170 (7th Cir.1964) and Stone v. Stone, 405 F.2d 94, 98 (4th Cir.1968), aff'd. in part, rev'd. in part on other grounds, 460 F.2d 64 (4th Cir.), c......
  • Washburn v. Klara
    • United States
    • Virginia Supreme Court
    • April 19, 2002
    ...other than the one to be performed when there is no evidence that a necessity arose during the authorized operation." Lloyd v. Kull, 329 F.2d 168, 170 (7th Cir.1964). Consequently, in the absence of such necessity, an operation without consent or the extension of an operation beyond the sco......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
1 books & journal articles
  • When human experimentation is criminal.
    • United States
    • Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology Vol. 99 No. 1, January 2009
    • January 1, 2009
    ...A.2d 676 (R.I. 1972). A minority of jurisdictions allows medical battery claims for lack of informed consent. See, e.g., Lloyd v. Kull, 329 F.2d 168 (7th Cir. 1964); Mink v. Univ. of Chicago, 460 F. Supp. 713, 718 (N.D. Ill. 1978) (citing Cathemer v. Hunter, 558 P.2d 975, 978 (Ariz. Ct. App......

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