M.J.S. v. State, 83-2314

Citation453 So.2d 870
Decision Date01 August 1984
Docket NumberNo. 83-2314,83-2314
PartiesM.J.S., a child, Appellant, v. STATE of Florida, Appellee.
CourtFlorida District Court of Appeals

Jerry Hill, Public Defender, Bartow and Deborah K. Brueckheimer, Asst. Public Defender, Clearwater, for appellant.

Jim Smith, Atty. Gen., Tallahassee and Robert J. Landry, Asst. Atty. Gen., Tampa, for appellee.

RYDER, Chief Judge.

In August of 1983, a petition for delinquency was filed charging that on July 12, 1983, M.J.S. committed trespass to a conveyance in violation of section 810.08, Florida Statutes (1983). M.J.S. filed a motion to dismiss pursuant to Florida Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.190(c)(4), arguing that the construction backhoe upon which he was sitting on July 12 was not a conveyance under the statute. The state filed a traverse stating that M.J.S. was seen on the equipment, in the operator's seat, working and moving the controls/levers, and that the equipment was a conveyance. The trial court denied the motion to dismiss. Following the denial of the motion, M.J.S. changed his plea of not guilty to that of nolo contendere, specifically reserving his right to appeal the denial of the motion to dismiss. M.J.S. was adjudicated delinquent. We reverse.

On appeal, M.J.S. argued that the trial court erred in denying his motion to dismiss because the statutory definition of "conveyance" does not include heavy construction equipment such as a backhoe. "Conveyance" is defined in section 810.011(3), Florida Statutes (1983), as "any motor vehicle, ship, vessel, railroad car, trailer, aircraft, or sleeping car...." "Motor vehicle" is defined in section 316.003(21), Florida Statutes (1983), as "any vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, but not including any bicycle or moped as defined in subsection (2)." In subsection 316.003(75), Florida Statutes (1983), "vehicle" is defined as [e]very device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks." Similar definitions of motor vehicles and vehicles are found in sections 320.01, 322.01, and 520.02(7), Florida Statutes (1983). Chapter 316, Florida Statutes (1983), also contains a definition of special mobile equipment in section 316.003(49):

SPECIAL MOBILE EQUIPMENT.--Any vehicle not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property and only incidentally operated or moved over a highway, including, but not limited to, ditchdigging apparatus, well-boring apparatus, and road construction and maintenance machinery, such as asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, tractors other than truck tractors, ditchers, leveling graders, finishing machines, motor graders, road rollers, scarifiers, earth-moving carryalls and scrapers, power shovels and draglines, and self-propelled cranes and earth-moving equipment. The term does not include house trailers, dump trucks, truck-mounted transit mixers, cranes or shovels, or other vehicles designed for the transportation of persons or property...

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6 cases
  • VOLKER STEVIN CONST., INC. v. Seaboard Sur. Co.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Southern District of Florida
    • November 30, 1987
    ...but not operated upon rails, but not including any bicycle or moped...." See Fla.Stat.Ann. § 316.003(21). See also M.J.S. v. Florida, 453 So.2d 870, 870-71 (Fla. 2d DCA 1984). "Vehicle" is defined as: "every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or dr......
  • State v. Streck
    • United States
    • Arizona Court of Appeals
    • April 22, 2009
    ...could result if such things as a riding lawnmower or pair of water skis were classified as vehicles. Streck relies on M.J.S. v. State, 453 So.2d 870 (Fla.Dist.Ct.App.1984), in which the Florida District Court of Appeal ruled that a backhoe was not a vehicle under a Florida statute similar t......
  • Harding v. Allen-Laux, Inc.
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • April 4, 1990
    ...and not a "motor vehicle" within the definitions of chapter 316 of the Florida Statutes concerning traffic control. M.J.S. v. State, 453 So.2d 870 (Fla. 2d DCA 1984). See §§ 316.003(21), 316.003(49), Fla.Stat. (1985). Assuming that this forklift is "special mobile equipment" for the purpose......
  • Newton v. Caterpillar Fin. Servs. Corp.
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • December 14, 2016
    ...See § 320.01(1)(a), Fla. Stat. (2013) (excluding special mobile equipment from the definition of motor vehicle); M.J.S. v. State , 453 So.2d 870, 871 (Fla. 2d DCA 1984) ("[T]he legislature does not consider vehicles for construction use to be ‘motor vehicles' as they have assigned such vehi......
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