Mills v. State, 48382

Decision Date08 May 1974
Docket NumberNo. 48382,48382
Citation508 S.W.2d 823
PartiesJames William MILLS, Appellant, v. The STATE of Texas, Appellee.
CourtTexas Court of Criminal Appeals

Michael L. Morrow, Dallas, for appellant.

Henry Wade, Dist. Atty., William L. Hubbard, Asst. Dist. Atty., Dallas, and Jim D. Vollers, State's Atty., Austin, for the State.

OPINION

BILL J. CORNELIUS, Commissioner.

In a jury trial the appellant was convicted of the offense of theft of personal property over the value of $50.00. The punishment, which was assessed by the court at appellant's election, and enhanced under the provisions of Art. 63, Vernon's Ann.P.C., was life imprisonment.

In his first ground of error appellant complains the 'trial court committed fundamental error by failing to require the court reporter to take notes of the voir dire examination of the jury panel.'

This contention is without merit. The record shows the court granted appellant's motion to take the voir dire examination of the panel in accordance with Article 40.09, Sec. 4, Vernon's Ann.C.C.P., and such voir dire examination has been transcribed and is in the record before us. From the file marks, it appears that it was not filed until appellant filed his appellate brief in the trial court. However, there was no written designation by the appellant that it be incorporated in the record, and it is not a matter that must be mandatorily included in the record. See Articles 40.09, Secs. 1, 2, and 3. Further, we find no objection to the record due to the absence of such transcribed voir dire examination. And after such transcription was filed, the appellant has made no effort to point out any error that occurred during such voir dire examination, but continues to rely upon the fact that the court refused to order the court reporter to record such voir dire examination.

Ground of error No. 2 is multifarious. It first contends that reversible error was committed when the State's counsel, in responding to the inference of the defense that the State's witness Chandler was engaged in some kind of illegal activity, stated that such inference 'was not true,' when there was no evidence in the record supporting such statement. However, no objection whatever was made to this comment by State's counsel and appellant may not now complain of it.

It is then contended that prejudicial error was committed when the State's counsel repeatedly emphasized the testimony of the State's witness Chandler to the effect that appellant threatened to 'get anyone who sends me Back to the penitentiary.' This was a correct quote of the testimony, which not only was admitted without objection by the appellant but which was elicited again by appellant's counsel on his cross-examination. Therefore, no error is presented.

Thirdly, appellant complains of the action of the State's Attorney in advising the jury that the witness Chandler had told the police and the grand jury the same story he told at the trial. Appellant's objection to this statement was sustained by the court and the prosecutor was admonished by the court to 'stay in the record.' No further instruction or relief was requested by appellant. As he received all the relief he requested, no error is presented. Newman v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 501 S.W.2d 94.

In his ground of error No. 3, the appellant complains of certain unresponsive and prejudicial answers of the State's witness Chandler. We have carefully examined the record and find that no objection or request for an instruction was ever made by the appellant in connection with these answers, and therefore no error is presented.

Ground No. 4 contends that appellant's punishment was enhanced by the use of prior convictions which had already been used for enhancement on another occasion. Appellant's sworn plea in bar, based upon this contention, alleged that his conviction on April 1, 1966, in Cause No. C 65--338K had been enhanced by a conviction in Cause No. D--3707 and another conviction, but that his conviction in Cause No. C 65--338K was ordered retried as the result of a habeas corpus proceeding and that upon the retrial of it the enhancement portions of the indictment were dismissed. Therefore, the final conviction in Cause No. C 65--338K was not successfully enhanced and there was no error in allowing the use of the conviction in Cause No. D--3707 to enhance the punishment in the case at bar. McGill v. State, 160 Tex.Cr.R. 324, 269 S.W.2d 398.

In Ground No. 5 appellant contends that the court should have charged the jury on circumstantial evidence. The record reflects that appellant's counsel neither objected to the court's charge nor requested any special instructions or charges. In fact, he advised the court that he had no objections to the charge as presented. Therefore, complaint cannot now be made of the failure to charge on circumstantial evidence. Art. 36.14, Vernon's Ann.C.C.P.; Gray v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 475 S.W.2d 246; Burleson v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 449 S.W.2d 252.

In Ground No. 6 appellant urges that he should have been allowed to impeach the witness Chandler by showing a prior conviction for breaking and entering a coin-operated vending machine. In a hearing outside the presence of the jury it was revealed that the sentence in that case was probated and that the probation had expired. By the express provisions of Art. 38.29, Vernon's Ann.C.C.P., a probated sentence may be used to impeach a witness only when the probation has not expired. The trial court correctly refused...

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22 cases
  • Hankins v. State
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
    • November 18, 1981
    ...timely objects or timely requests a charge thereon. See Ellis v. State, 551 S.W.2d 407 (Tex.Cr.App.1977). Compare Mills v. State, 508 S.W.2d 823, (Tex.Cr.App.1974). Failure of the trial judge to so charge where the defendant is entitled to such charge provides a basis for reversal. See, e.g......
  • Earvin v. State
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Appeals
    • May 3, 1982
    ...all the incriminating circumstances. Flores v. State, supra; Herndon v. State, 543 S.W.2d 109, 121 (Tex.Cr.App.1976); Mills v. State, 508 S.W.2d 823, 827 (Tex.Cr.App.1974). Moreover, the court has frequently declared that in determining whether the circumstances are sufficient to support a ......
  • Russell v. State
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
    • July 6, 1983
    ...is warranted by the combined and cumulative force of all the incriminating circumstances. Flores v. State, supra; Mills v. State, 508 S.W.2d 823 (Tex.Cr.App.1974); Herndon v. State, 543 S.W.2d 109 (Tex.Cr.App.1976). The rules of circumstantial evidence do not require that the circumstances ......
  • Rogers v. State
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Appeals
    • January 13, 1993
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