People v. Godboldo, Docket No. 82810

Decision Date14 May 1987
Docket NumberDocket No. 82810
Citation405 N.W.2d 114,158 Mich.App. 603
PartiesPEOPLE of the State of Michigan, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Bruce GODBOLDO, Defendant-Appellant. 158 Mich.App. 603, 405 N.W.2d 114
CourtCourt of Appeal of Michigan — District of US

[158 MICHAPP 604] Frank J. Kelley, Atty. Gen., Louis J. Caruso, Sol. Gen., John D. O'Hair, Pros. Atty., Timothy A. Baughman, Deputy Chief, Civil and Appeals, and Jeffrey Caminsky, Asst. Atty. Gen., for the People.

Nicholas J. Venditelli, Dearborn, for defendant-appellant.

Before SHEPHERD, P.J., and J.H. GILLIS and MacKENZIE, JJ.


Defendant was convicted of first-degree murder, M.C.L. Sec. 750.316; M.S.A. Sec. 28.548, and was sentenced to life imprisonment. He appeals as of right.

On April 24, 1984, defendant and Tracy Adams were arrested for the murder of Steven Holmes. Both individuals were taken to police headquarters [158 MICHAPP 605] for questioning. At approximately 6:00 p.m., defendant was advised of his Miranda 1 rights and was then asked to read the rights form back to the officer. Defendant then initialed the form and, having waived his right to remain silent and to consult with an attorney, proceeded to answer the investigating officer's questions regarding the death of Steven Holmes. A four-page transcript of this conversation was read into evidence at trial.

At approximately 8:00 p.m. the same evening, defendant was rejoined with Tracy Adams and the two were questioned together by another officer. Although they were not reapprised of their rights, they were asked if they remembered being advised of those rights, to which they responded affirmatively. Both individuals agreed to the second interview, which was tape-recorded and admitted into evidence at trial.

Prior to trial, defendant moved to suppress the statements, but the motion was denied. During trial, defendant's counsel moved to suppress or delete that portion of the taped conversation containing statements made by Tracy Adams. This motion was also denied.

On appeal, defendant argues that since the police did not readvise him of his Miranda rights prior to the second interview, the statement was taken in violation of his constitutional rights and should have been suppressed. We disagree. As correctly noted by the prosecution, the Miranda rights are not a liturgy which must be read each time a defendant is questioned. The Miranda rule is not in itself a constitutional right, but rather is only a procedural safeguard designed to protect an individual's Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination. Birdsey v. Grand Blanc Community Schools, 130 Mich.App. 718, 722, 344 N.W.2d [158 MICHAPP 606] 342 (1983). Thus, the only question is whether, viewing the "totality of the circumstances," the defendant's statement was voluntary. People v. Robinson, 386 Mich. 551, 558, 194 N.W.2d 709 (1972). Further, a trial court's finding of voluntariness will not be disturbed on appeal unless it is clearly erroneous. People v. Carigon, 128 Mich.App. 802, 804-805, 341 N.W.2d 803 (1983).

We have no difficulty affirming the trial court's ruling in this case. Defendant's second conversation with the police began only two hours after his Miranda rights had been read to him, and he acknowledged having been advised of his rights. When asked if he had any questions regarding his rights, defendant responded negatively. While it appears that Michigan courts have not previously addressed this situation, a California court had the following observations regarding the same argument:

"The purpose of the cautionary admonition of constitutional rights is to make certain that persons about to undergo custodial interrogation are aware of and understand their right to silence and to counsel. One adequate warning sufficient to comply with the Constitution and the rules declared in controlling cases decided by the United States Supreme Court and the Supreme Court of California is sufficient. We deem it unnecessary, and not required by any provision of the Constitution or rule of any decided case of which we are aware, that more than one adequate warning be given to a person in custody who may later be subject to successive interrogations." People v. Sievers, 255 Cal.App.2d 34, 62 Cal.Rptr. 841, 843 (1967). See also People v. Bynum, 4 Cal.3d 589, 94 Cal.Rptr. 241, 246, 483 P.2d 1193 (1971), overruled on other grounds, 16 Cal.3d 663, 128 Cal.Rptr. 888, 547 P.2d 1000 (1...

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8 cases
  • Phillips v. Prelesnik
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Western District of Michigan
    • January 26, 2017
    ...his rights during subsequent questioning. People v. Littlejohn, 197 Mich. App. 220, 223; 495 N.W.2d 171 (1992); People v. Godboldo, 158 Mich. App. 603, 605; 405 N.W.2d 114 (1986). The record indicates that defendant was told before the third interview that his rights still applied and defen......
  • People v. Calloway
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Michigan — District of US
    • August 11, 1988
    ...procedural safeguard designed to protect an individual's Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination. People v. Godboldo, 158 Mich.App. 603, 605, 405 N.W.2d 114 (1986). Secondly, the statements testified to by Martin were not outcome-determinative due to the equivocal nature of Mar......
  • People v. Armstrong
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Michigan — District of US
    • April 10, 1989
    ...being made by defendant and used against him at trial, were not inadmissible hearsay. MRE 801(d)(2)(A); People v. Godboldo, 158 Mich.App. 603, 607, 405 N.W.2d 114 (1986). In a related argument, defendant claims he was denied the effective assistance of counsel because his trial attorney did......
  • People v. Pierson
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Michigan — District of US
    • September 12, 2017
    ...made the statement, such that evidence of his statement was properly admitted for the jury’s consideration. See People v. Godboldo , 158 Mich.App. 603, 605, 405 N.W.2d 114 (1986) ; see also People v. Akins , 259 Mich.App. 545, 564–565, 675 N.W.2d 863 (2003). The trial court’s statement and ......
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