People v. Reyes

Decision Date09 April 2014
PartiesThe PEOPLE, etc., respondent, v. David REYES, appellant.
CourtNew York Supreme Court — Appellate Division

116 A.D.3d 798
982 N.Y.S.2d 907
2014 N.Y. Slip Op. 02463

The PEOPLE, etc., respondent,
v.
David REYES, appellant.

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

April 9, 2014.


Lynn W.L. Fahey, New York, N.Y. (Paul Skip Laisure of counsel), for appellant.

Richard A. Brown, District Attorney, Kew Gardens, N.Y. (John M. Castellano and Merri Turk Lasky of counsel; Michael Onah on the memorandum), for respondent.


Appeal by the defendant, as limited by his motion, from a sentence of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Lasak, J.), imposed May 23, 2012, on the ground that the sentence was excessive.

ORDERED that the sentence is affirmed.

The defendant's purported waiver of his right to appeal was invalid ( see People v. Bradshaw, 18 N.Y.3d 257, 265, 938 N.Y.S.2d 254, 961 N.E.2d 645;People v. Callahan, 80 N.Y.2d 273, 283, 590 N.Y.S.2d 46, 604 N.E.2d 108) and, thus, does not preclude review of his excessive sentence claim. “A waiver of the right to appeal is effective only so long as the record demonstrates that it was made knowingly, intelligently and voluntarily” ( People v. Lopez, 6 N.Y.3d 248, 256, 811 N.Y.S.2d 623, 844 N.E.2d 1145;see People v. Calvi, 89 N.Y.2d 868, 871, 653 N.Y.S.2d 89, 675 N.E.2d 843). A valid appellate waiver occurs when a defendant has “a full appreciation of the consequences” of the waiver ( People v. Seaberg, 74 N.Y.2d 1, 11, 543 N.Y.S.2d 968, 541 N.E.2d 1022). In determining such appreciation, the trial court should “ ‘assess all of the relevant factors surrounding the waiver, including the nature and terms of the agreement and the age, experience and background of the accused’ ” ( People v. Bradshaw, 18 N.Y.3d at 264–265, 938 N.Y.S.2d 254, 961 N.E.2d 645, quoting People v. Seaberg, 74 N.Y.2d at 11, 543 N.Y.S.2d 968, 541 N.E.2d 1022). Moreover, “[a] written waiver ‘is not a complete substitute for an on-the-record explanation of the nature of the right to appeal, and some acknowledgment that the defendant is voluntarily giving up that right’ ” ( People v. Crawford, 110 A.D.3d 916, 916, 977 N.Y.S.2d 37,lv. denied 22 N.Y.3d 1040, 981 N.Y.S.2d 373, 4 N.E.3d 385, quoting People v. Bradshaw, 76 A.D.3d 566, 569, 906 N.Y.S.2d 93,affd. 18 N.Y.3d 257, 938 N.Y.S.2d 254, 961 N.E.2d 645;see People v. Pelaez, 100 A.D.3d 803, 804, 954 N.Y.S.2d 554).

Here, at the time of his plea, the defendant was 21 years old with no prior experience with the criminal justice system. Given these facts, the Supreme Court's perfunctory oral...

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4 cases
  • People v. Torres, 2015–11642
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 16 Enero 2019
    ...of the consequences of the waiver (see People v. Seaberg, 74 N.Y.2d 1, 11, 543 N.Y.S.2d 968, 541 N.E.2d 1022 ; People v. Reyes, 116 A.D.3d 798, 982 N.Y.S.2d 907 ), as the Supreme Court's brief colloquy failed to sufficiently advise him of the nature of the right to appeal and the consequenc......
  • People v. Rivera
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 4 Marzo 2015
    ...N.Y.S.2d 623, 844 N.E.2d 1145 ; cf. People v. Bradshaw, 18 N.Y.3d 257, 265–266, 938 N.Y.S.2d 254, 961 N.E.2d 645 ; cf. People v. Reyes, 116 A.D.3d 798, 982 N.Y.S.2d 907 ). His knowing, voluntary, and intelligent waiver of his right to appellate review of all aspects of his case precludes hi......
  • People v. Rivera
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 4 Marzo 2015
    ...N.Y.S.2d 623, 844 N.E.2d 1145; cf. People v. Bradshaw, 18 N.Y.3d 257, 265–266, 938 N.Y.S.2d 254, 961 N.E.2d 645; cf. People v. Reyes, 116 A.D.3d 798, 982 N.Y.S.2d 907). His knowing, voluntary, and intelligent waiver of his right to appellate review of all aspects of his case precludes his c......
  • People v. Reyes
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • 23 Junio 2014
    ...N.E.3d 1287992 N.Y.S.2d 807Peoplev.David ReyesCourt of Appeals of New YorkJune 23, 2014 OPINION TEXT STARTS HERE 2d Dept.: 116 A.D.3d 798, 982 N.Y.S.2d 907 (Queens)Lippman, C.J. ...

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