People v. Sellner

Citation240 Cal.App.4th 699,192 Cal.Rptr.3d 836
Decision Date24 September 2015
Docket Number2d Crim. No. B261487
CourtCalifornia Court of Appeals
PartiesThe PEOPLE, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. Jennifer Rose SELLNER, Defendant and Appellant.

Stephen P. Lipson, Public Defender and Michael C. McMahon, Chief Deputy, for Defendant and Appellant.

Kamala D. Harris, Attorney General, Dane R. Gillette, Chief Assistant Attorney General, Lance E. Winters, Senior Assistant Attorney General, Steven D. Harris, Supervising Deputy Attorney General, Robert C. Schneider, Deputy Attorney General, for Plaintiff and Respondent.

Opinion

YEGAN, J.

Jennifer Rose Sellner appeals an order resentencing her to two years' felony jail for receiving stolen property. (Pen.Code, § 496.)1 In 2014, appellant was sentenced to eight months, one-third the two-year midterm, in case No. 2011005319, to be served consecutive to a three-year principal term sentence in case No. 2014007685. (§ 1170.1, subd. (a).) The trial court denied Proposition 47 relief in case No. 2011005319 but granted a Proposition 47 petition in case No. 2014007605 and reduced the conviction on the principal term to a misdemeanor (§ 1170.18). Appellant was “resentenced” to two years' felony jail in case No. 2011005319 awarded credit for time served (i.e. 737 days), and was released from custody. Appellant contends that the trial court could not lawfully “resentence” her to two years in case No. 2011005319. According to appellant, she should have been sentenced to eight months' county jail. We disagree and affirm.

Claimed Mootness

The Attorney General contends that the appeal is moot and should be dismissed because the sentence has been deemed served. (See e.g., People v. Valencia (2014) 226 Cal.App.4th 326, 329, 172 Cal.Rptr.3d 1.) We deny the motion to dismiss because the new sentence affects the custody credits that can be applied to outstanding fines or fees. (§ 2900.5, subd. (a) [$30 per day or more, in the discretion of the court imposing sentence]; see People v. Robinson (2012) 209 Cal.App.4th 401, 406–407, 146 Cal.Rptr.3d 837.) When appellant was resentenced to two years' felony jail, she was ordered to pay all fines and fees previously imposed.

Jurisdiction to Resentence

Appellant's argument that the trial court lacked jurisdiction to resentence is without merit. Section 1170.1, subdivision (a) creates an exception to the general rule that jurisdiction ceases when execution of sentence begins. [W]hen a defendant is sentenced consecutively for multiple convictions, whether in the same proceeding or in different proceedings, the judgment or aggregate determinate term is to be viewed as interlocking pieces consisting of a principal term and one or more subordinate terms. (§ 1170.1, subd. (a).) Section 1170.1, with certain exceptions, also places certain restrictions on the sentencing judge's discretion such as limiting the term of imprisonment for a subordinate term to no more than one-third the middle term of imprisonment for such conviction... .” (People v. Begnaud (1991) 235 Cal.App.3d 1548, 1552, 1 Cal.Rptr.2d 507.)

Here the eight-month sentence was a subordinate consecutive term to the three-year sentence in case No. 2011005319. Based on the Proposition 47 modification of the principal sentence, the trial court not only was vested with jurisdiction to resentence in case No. 2014007685, it was required to do so. (People v. Begnaud, supra, at p. 1552, 1 Cal.Rptr.2d 507 ; People v. Bustamante (1981) 30 Cal.3d 88, 104, fn. 12, 177 Cal.Rptr. 576, 634 P.2d 927.) Appellant was not strictly “resentenced” but, instead, ordered to serve the sentence originally imposed, two years' county jail.

Appellant claims that the increased sentence presents a jeopardy issue because appellant has been subjected to a sentence greater than originally imposed. Were one to put horse blinders on and view only the sentence in case No. 2011005319, appellant would be correct. We must, however, look at the big picture. The initial aggregate sentence was three years eight months. Two years is less than that and thus, appellant received a lesser sentence. When the principal term is no longer in existence, the subordinate term must be recomputed. That is the case here. As long as the recomputed term is less than the prior aggregate term, the defendant has not been punished more...

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  • People v. Buycks
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (California)
    • 30 Julio 2018
    ...178, 183, 202 Cal.Rptr.3d 1 ; People v. Rouse (2016) 245 Cal.App.4th 292, 300, 199 Cal.Rptr.3d 360 ; People v. Sellner (2015) 240 Cal.App.4th 699, 701-702, 192 Cal.Rptr.3d 836.) In People v. Buycks (S231765), the Court of Appeal properly recognized this rule, even though defendant’s convict......
  • People v. Martinez
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • 30 Septiembre 2015
    ...Soldani presided over the subsequent proceedings that gave rise to the present appeal.4 People v. Sellner (Sept. 24, 2015, B261487) 240 Cal.App.4th 699, –––, 192 CAl.Rptr.3d 836, 2015 WL 5608097, *2, which addresses resentencing under section 1170.18, states: “When the principal term is no ......
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    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (California)
    • 30 Julio 2018
    ...978, 982; People v. Roach (2016) 247 Cal.App.4th 178, 183; People v. Rouse (2016) 245 Cal.App.4th 292, 300; People v. Sellner (2015) 240 Cal.App.4th 699, 701-702.) In People v. Buycks (S231765), the Court of Appeal properly recognized this rule, even though defendant's conviction became fin......
  • People v. Kelly
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • 6 Marzo 2019
    ...Buycks (2018) 5 Cal.5th 857, 893-894, 236 Cal.Rptr.3d 84, 422 P.3d 531 [discussing full resentencing rule]; People v. Sellner (2015) 240 Cal.App.4th 699, 701-702, 192 Cal.Rptr.3d 836.)As a term of the negotiated disposition, appellant executed a Harvey waiver ( People v. Harvey (1979) 25 Ca......
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