Ragland v. State, No. 77-397

CourtCourt of Appeal of Florida (US)
Writing for the CourtHENDRY
Citation358 So.2d 100
PartiesWalter RAGLAND, Appellant, v. The STATE of Florida, Appellee.
Docket NumberNo. 77-397
Decision Date02 May 1978

Page 100

358 So.2d 100
Walter RAGLAND, Appellant,
v.
The STATE of Florida, Appellee.
No. 77-397.
District Court of Appeal of Florida,Third District.
May 2, 1978.

Bennett H. Brummer, Public Defender and Kurt Marmar, Asst. Public Defender, for appellant.

Robert L. Shevin, Atty. Gen., and Anthony C. Musto, Asst. Atty. Gen., for appellee.

Before PEARSON and HENDRY, JJ., and CRAWFORD, GRADY L. (Ret.), Associate Judge.

HENDRY, Judge.

Appellant, defendant below, was charged by information with conspiracy to commit murder and attempted murder. A jury returned verdicts finding appellant guilty of conspiracy, but not guilty of attempted murder. The court adjudged appellant guilty and sentenced him to ten (10) years probation with a special condition that he serve five (5) years in the State Penitentiary.

Appellant's sole point on appeal is directed to the trial court's denial of various motions for mistrial. Appellant argues that motions for mistrial should have been granted upon repeated prosecutorial comments on appellant's post-arrest silence. We disagree.

While we are fully aware of the restrictions placed upon prosecutors on commenting upon a defendant's exercise of his or her constitutional right to remain silent, Doyle v. Ohio, 426 U.S. 610, 96 S.Ct. 2240, 49 L.Ed.2d 91 (1976); Bennett v. State, 316 So.2d 41 (Fla.1975), the record before us conclusively demonstrates that appellant never invoked his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination. Rather, the record reveals that after being given his Miranda warnings, appellant freely and voluntarily conversed with the police. During this post-Miranda lengthy conversation, appellant refused to answer one question of many. We do not believe that comment upon the failure to answer a single question was violative of appellant's constitutional right, when said constitutional right was not invoked. See Williams v. State, 353 So.2d 588 (Fla. 3d DCA 1977); Kellerman v.

Page 101

State, 353 So.2d 901 (Fla. 3d DCA 1977); Miller v. State, 343 So.2d 1292 (Fla. 3d DCA 1977); see also United States v. Fairchild, 505 F.2d 1378 (5th Cir. 1975).

Accordingly, appellant's conviction and sentence are affirmed.

Affirmed.

To continue reading

Request your trial
15 practice notes
  • Downs v. Moore, No. SC00-2186.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • 26 Septiembre 2001
    ...State is not precluded from subsequently admitting evidence of the defendant's silence at trial. See id. at 801 (citing Ragland v. State, 358 So.2d 100 (Fla. 3d DCA In the instant case, the State's question obviously was intended to impeach Downs and demonstrate to the jury that Downs' vers......
  • Valle v. State, No. 61176
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • 11 Julio 1985
    ...asked of him after he had been given his Miranda warnings and had freely and voluntarily waived them. Similarly, in Ragland v. State, 358 So.2d 100 (Fla. 3d DCA), cert. denied, 365 So.2d 714 (Fla.1978), the accused declined to answer one question of many. The court While we are fully aware ......
  • Hudson v. State, No. SC06-748.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • 3 Julio 2008
    ...of defendant's refusal to answer one question of many where defendant has not invoked his Fifth Amendment rights); Ragland v. State, 358 So.2d 100, 100 (Fla. 3d DCA 1978) (holding that where defendant waived his Fifth Amendment rights and freely and voluntarily conversed with police, commen......
  • LEERDAM v. State, No. 2D03-3894.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • 17 Septiembre 2004
    ...Leerdam effectively waived his right to remain silent when he freely and voluntarily conversed with the officer. See Ragland v. State, 358 So.2d 100, 100 (Fla. 3d DCA 1978). Therefore, any comment on Leerdam's silence on a specific matter did not violate his constitutional right "when ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
15 cases
  • Downs v. Moore, No. SC00-2186.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • 26 Septiembre 2001
    ...State is not precluded from subsequently admitting evidence of the defendant's silence at trial. See id. at 801 (citing Ragland v. State, 358 So.2d 100 (Fla. 3d DCA In the instant case, the State's question obviously was intended to impeach Downs and demonstrate to the jury that Downs' vers......
  • Valle v. State, No. 61176
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • 11 Julio 1985
    ...asked of him after he had been given his Miranda warnings and had freely and voluntarily waived them. Similarly, in Ragland v. State, 358 So.2d 100 (Fla. 3d DCA), cert. denied, 365 So.2d 714 (Fla.1978), the accused declined to answer one question of many. The court While we are fully aware ......
  • Hudson v. State, No. SC06-748.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • 3 Julio 2008
    ...of defendant's refusal to answer one question of many where defendant has not invoked his Fifth Amendment rights); Ragland v. State, 358 So.2d 100, 100 (Fla. 3d DCA 1978) (holding that where defendant waived his Fifth Amendment rights and freely and voluntarily conversed with police, commen......
  • LEERDAM v. State, No. 2D03-3894.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • 17 Septiembre 2004
    ...Leerdam effectively waived his right to remain silent when he freely and voluntarily conversed with the officer. See Ragland v. State, 358 So.2d 100, 100 (Fla. 3d DCA 1978). Therefore, any comment on Leerdam's silence on a specific matter did not violate his constitutional right "when ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT