Reeves v. State

Decision Date02 December 1942
Docket NumberNo. 22290.,22290.
Citation167 S.W.2d 176
CourtTexas Court of Criminal Appeals

Appeal from District Court, McLennan County; D. W. Bartlett, Judge.

Joe Reeves was convicted of aggravated assault, and he appeals.

Judgment affirmed.

Tom H. Kee, of Waco, for appellant.

Spurgeon E. Bell, State's Atty., of Austin, for the State.

HAWKINS, Presiding Judge.

Conviction is for an aggravated assault, punishment assessed being a fine of one thousand dollars and two years in the county jail.

The indictment contained two counts, the first charging that appellant made an assault upon Evelyn Cox with intent to have carnal knowledge of her, she being under eighteen years of age, and not appellant's wife. The second count charged that appellant did attempt to have carnal knowledge of the said Evelyn Cox. Upon the request of appellant for election the State elected to prosecute under the first count, but the court finally submitted the case to the jury only upon the issue of aggravated assault based upon Subdivision 5, Art. 1147, P.C., which makes an assault aggravated "when committed by an adult male upon the person of a female."

The evidence shows that appellant was a man about forty-five or forty-six years old, and Evelyn Cox was a girl not yet sixteen years of age.

The State's case rests upon the testimony of the girl, her evidence (omitting some immaterial matter) being as follows: "Then he (appellant) said he wanted me to go up in his room and he would show me his papers — you know — that he was an FBI man. And said he wanted to tell me more about this blonde headed woman. And we went up there and he sat down on the bed and I sat in a chair and he asked me to come over to him and I wouldn't do it. I mean he asked me to come over to where he was, and sit down on the bed with him, and I wouldn't do it and he insisted and I still wouldn't. So he talked about the blonde; just the same thing again. And then he asked me to come over again and I still wouldn't, and I told him I was going to leave and he told me that I didn't have anything that he wanted and I got up and went to the door; I was going to go; and he ran over and stood against the door and I told him to let me go and he put his arms around me and pulled me up to him and I pulled away and he asked me to marry him and I told him he was old enough for my father, and he tried to get me to kiss him and I wouldn't do it, and I told him to let me go and he told me to sit down in the chair and he would let me go and I wouldn't do it and I found out he wouldn't let me go until I did and so I sat down on the chair and he was putting on his coat and vest when the officers walked in. It was not agreeable with me for him to put his arms around me and pull me up to him. I had not said anything to him that I thought would even give him that impression. At the time he caught me and pulled me up to him I was scared and embarrassed. * * That was the first time I had ever seen Joe Reeves. I have known him about two months now. That was the first time I had met him, but now I have known him about two months. I had never seen him before. While we were there in the room he didn't make any immoral suggestion to me as to wanting me to do anything or anything like that. I went up there to the room of my own accord."

Appellant did not testify. The evidence further shows that appellant was not an FBI man. Two officers went to the room where appellant had taken the girl. When the officers entered the room the girl was sitting in a chair and appellant was standing between her and the door putting on his vest. One of the officers said the girl appeared to be very frightened.

By bill of exception number one appellant appears to complain because one of his attorneys was engaged in the trial of a case in another court when this case was called, and that he was deprived of the services of counsel who was absent. In approving the bill the court says: no "motion was presented with reference to the above matter." The qualification was not objected to. No error is shown in view of the qualification.

Bill of exception number two presents no error and does not call for discussion.

Bill of exception number three raises a question as to the sufficiency of the evidence, it being a complaint at the refusal of a peremptory instruction of acquittal. The evidence heretofore recited supports the verdict and judgment. While the punishment assessed was severe for an aggravated assault, it was within the province of the jury to assess it, and we are without authority to substitute our judgment for that of the jury upon such question. Notwithstanding appellant's statements to the girl as recited by her, there was doubtless in the jury's mind the thought expressed by the canny Scotchman, "I can'na hear what ye say for thinking of the deeds ye do."

In bill of exception number four appellant complains of an argument of the attorney representing the State. The bill itself recites that no objection to said argument was made at the time of the trial. This nullifies the bill. See Harris v. State, 93 Tex.Cr.R. 544, 249 S.W. 485; Salinas, v. State, 113 Tex.Cr.R. 142, 18 S.W.2d 663; Herms v. State, 129 Tex.Cr.R. 448, 87 S.W. 2d 717; Crowley v. State, 117 Tex.Cr.R. 372, 35 S.W.2d 437. The trial judge did not certify that the argument occurred. He says he listened to all of the arguments and does not remember anything occurring as recited in the bill.

Appellant made application for continuance based upon the absence of a witness. The application is not in the record independently but is set out in full in bill of exception number five. The only diligence to procure said witness is set out in the following language: "* * * that this defendant has used due and sufficient diligence to procure the attendance of said Nick Batellio as a witness in his behalf herein, in this that the defendant had issued a subpoena for said witness and said subpoena has been returned by the proper authority, unexecuted, with the notation by the officer, in substance, that said witness is temporarily out of McLennan County, visiting with his sister."

In approving the bill complaining of the denial of the continuance the court says it was refused because "same was not good." The court appears to have been right in such ruling. Before one is entitled to a continuance for an absent witness, proper diligence must be shown to procure his attendance. It will be observed that the application here involved does not show when the witness left McLennan County, nor when process was taken out for the witness. So far as the application shows, appellant may have waited until the witness left the county before securing process; whereas, if timely obtained the witness might have been served. Process for the witness and return thereon is not attached to the application for continuance. Appellant apparently attempts to supplement his application by requesting a certiorari to bring up to ...

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13 cases
  • Smith v. State , No. 10-07-00051-CR (Tex. App. 2/27/2008)
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Appeals
    • February 27, 2008
    ...Williams, 235 S.W.3d at 750 (quoting Dewberry v. State, 4 S.W.3d 735, 740 (Tex. Crim. App. 1999)); see Reeves v. State, 145 Tex. Crim. 208, 211, 167 S.W.2d 176, 178 (1942) (op. on orig. submission). "Thus, reviewing courts give deference to `the responsibility of the trier of fact to fairly......
  • Gilbert v. State, 27873
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
    • December 14, 1955
    ...for continuance was sworn to by appellant before one of his counsel, and is therefore insufficient. Art. 545, C.C.P.; Reeves v. State, 145 Tex.Cr.R. 208, 167 S.W.2d 176, and cases there cited; Ferguson v. State, 159 Tex.Cr.R. 169, 261 S.W.2d In any event, there is no merit in the exception ......
  • Stubbs v. State, 43074
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
    • September 4, 1970
    ...of appellant's attorneys cannot be considered. Ferguson v. State, 159 Tex.Cr.R. 169, 261 S.W.2d 721, and cases cited; Reeves v. State, 145 Tex.Cr.R. 208, 167 S.W.2d 176, and cases cited; Reno v. State, The trial court did not err in overruling appellant's first amended motion for new trial.......
  • Lockhart v. State, 23543.
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
    • January 15, 1947
    ...record that appellant failed to exercise due diligence to secure the attendance of the said three absent witnesses. See Reeves v. State, 145 Tex.Cr.R. 208, 167 S.W.2d 176; Hart v. State, 139 Tex.Cr.R. 101, 138 S.W. 2d 818, and cases there By Bill of Exception No. 2 appellant complains of th......
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