Rehurek v. Rapid City, No. 8130.

CourtSupreme Court of South Dakota
Writing for the CourtPER CURIAM.
Citation275 N.W. 859,65 S.D. 542
Decision Date10 November 1937
Docket NumberNo. 8130.
PartiesREHUREK v. RAPID CITY et al.

65 S.D. 542
275 N.W. 859

REHUREK
v.
RAPID CITY et al.

No. 8130.

Supreme Court of South Dakota.

November 10, 1937.


Appeal from Circuit Court, Pennington County; A. R. Denu, Judge.

Suit by Frank V. Rehurek against the City of Rapid City, S. D., and others. From a judgment for defendants, plaintiff appeals.

Affirmed.

Bangs & Rudesill, of Rapid City, for appellant.

Boyd Leedom, City Atty., and George Philip and Richard B. Denu, all of Rapid City, for respondents.


PER CURIAM.

This action was brought by appellant to restrain and enjoin the governing body and officers of Rapid City, a municipal corporation, from issuing its bonds for the purpose of acquiring, establishing, constructing, improving, and equipping a municipal airport. A single question is involved; namely, May our municipal corporations issue their bonds for the purpose of improving and equipping a municipal airport? Appellant contends that application of the rule of express mention and implied exclusion reveals a legislative intent to deny the power to issue such bonds to “equip” and “improve” an airport because section 4 of chapter 71 of the Session Laws of 1929 expressly authorizes the issuance of bonds for the purpose of “paying the purchase price” of real property to be used as an airport. The decision of the trial court was adverse to the contention of appellant.

[1][2] In concluding that appellant's contention is untenable, we are influenced by several considerations: First, the rule of express mention and implied exclusion should never be applied to defeat a plain legislative purpose. Buck et al. v. Whorton, 48 S.D. 332, 204 N.W. 169. Second, when chapter 71 of the Session Laws of 1929, including its title, is considered in the light of section 6413 of the Revised Code of 1919, as amended by Laws 1923, c. 228, it reveals a plain legislative purpose to grant power to municipal corporations to issue

[275 N.W. 860]

their bonds to improve, equip, and maintain airports, as well as to purchase sites therefor. Third, section 4 of the act upon which appellant bases his contention was obviously limited in scope to the purchase of sites for airports, and was used by the Legislature for the sole purpose of setting up separate and distinct methods of procedure to be followed by municipal corporations and counties, respectively. Fourth, it is implicitly assumed by the title and subject-matter of chapter 86 of the Session Laws of 1931 (dealing with the establishment and maintenance of airports by...

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4 practice notes
  • Tracfone Wireless, Inc. v. S.D. Dept. of Rev. & Reg., No. 25141.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of South Dakota
    • January 20, 2010
    ...applied.' Argo Oil Corp. v. Lathrop, 76 S.D. 70, 74, 72 N.W.2d 431, 434 (1955) (quoting 82 CJS, Statutes, § 333 b; Rehurek v. Rapid City, 65 S.D. 542, 275 N.W. 859 [¶ 15.] SDCL 10-59-1 authorizes several types of tax matters that may be heard by the OHE as an administrative appeal, but fail......
  • Argo Oil Corporation v. Lathrop, Nos. 9496-9497
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of South Dakota
    • October 20, 1955
    ...and it does not constitute a formula for construction to be arbitrarily applied'. 82 C.J.S., Statutes, Sec. 333 b; Rehurek v. Rapid City, 65 S.D. 542, 275 N.W. In the case of Springer v. Government of Philippine Islands, 277 U.S. 189, 48 S.Ct. 480, 484, 72 L.Ed. 845, 851, the opinion by Jus......
  • City of Winner v. Lineback, Nos. 10659
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of South Dakota
    • December 16, 1971
    ...the power to operate an airport does not carry with it the exclusive right to sell gasoline and oil at the airport. Rehurek v. Rapid City, 65 S.D. 542, 275 N.W. Lineback contends that the city could not legally reserve the power to sell gasoline and oil by resolution. SDCL 9--19--1 defines ......
  • Live Stock State Bank, Artesian, Application of, Nos. 11884
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of South Dakota
    • April 7, 1977
    ...of express mention and implied exclusion should never be applied to defeat a plain legislative purpose." Rehurek v. Rapid City, 1937, 65 S.D. 542, 543, 275 N.W. 859. If the Commission does not have the power to supervise a change in location, banks, once chartered, would be free to mov......
4 cases
  • Tracfone Wireless, Inc. v. S.D. Dept. of Rev. & Reg., No. 25141.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of South Dakota
    • January 20, 2010
    ...applied.' Argo Oil Corp. v. Lathrop, 76 S.D. 70, 74, 72 N.W.2d 431, 434 (1955) (quoting 82 CJS, Statutes, § 333 b; Rehurek v. Rapid City, 65 S.D. 542, 275 N.W. 859 [¶ 15.] SDCL 10-59-1 authorizes several types of tax matters that may be heard by the OHE as an administrative appeal, but fail......
  • Argo Oil Corporation v. Lathrop, Nos. 9496-9497
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of South Dakota
    • October 20, 1955
    ...and it does not constitute a formula for construction to be arbitrarily applied'. 82 C.J.S., Statutes, Sec. 333 b; Rehurek v. Rapid City, 65 S.D. 542, 275 N.W. In the case of Springer v. Government of Philippine Islands, 277 U.S. 189, 48 S.Ct. 480, 484, 72 L.Ed. 845, 851, the opinion by Jus......
  • City of Winner v. Lineback, Nos. 10659
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of South Dakota
    • December 16, 1971
    ...the power to operate an airport does not carry with it the exclusive right to sell gasoline and oil at the airport. Rehurek v. Rapid City, 65 S.D. 542, 275 N.W. Lineback contends that the city could not legally reserve the power to sell gasoline and oil by resolution. SDCL 9--19--1 defines ......
  • Live Stock State Bank, Artesian, Application of, Nos. 11884
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of South Dakota
    • April 7, 1977
    ...of express mention and implied exclusion should never be applied to defeat a plain legislative purpose." Rehurek v. Rapid City, 1937, 65 S.D. 542, 543, 275 N.W. 859. If the Commission does not have the power to supervise a change in location, banks, once chartered, would be free to mov......

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