Richman v. Green

Decision Date27 July 1956
Citation299 P.2d 890,143 Cal.App.2d 470
CourtCalifornia Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
PartiesAbe RICHMAN, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. N. C. GREEN; Louis Fishman, Coast Elevator Company, a California corporation, Cammie Scott, Defendants, Louis Fishman, Appellant. Civ. 21539.

Peter M. Winkelman and Leland & Plattner, Los Angeles, for appellant.

Joseph Schecter, Los Angeles, and George M. Dell, Beverly Hills, for respondent.

MOORE, Presiding Justice.

Appellant demands reversal of a judgment in favor of the plaintiff for $9,642 damages for personal injuries allegedly sustained in an elevator accident. Richman sued Green and appellant Fishman as the alleged owners of the building in which the elevator was maintained.

By his answer, Green denied the majority of plaintiff's allegations; admitted that he was the 'record owner' of the building, but alleged that 'said property is in truth and in fact owned by Louis Fishman.' Appellant's answer declared that 'N. C. Green is the record owner' and admitted that Fishman 'is an owner of the Stimson Building.' At the trial of the cause, it was proved that Green took title to the property without payment of any consideration; that only Fishman paid the consideration and deemed himself to be sole owner of the building; that Green took title as an accommodation to his father-in-law, Fishman, inasmuch as the latter lacked facility in reading and writing English; that Green was never physically present in the building; nor was he ever a participant in its actual administration; nor collected any income from the building; nor paid any expenses; and was indemnified by appellant against liability to third persons. The sum total of the proof was that Green held bare legal title. The controversy having been submitted, the court made findings and conclusions in favor of respondent but relieved Green of liability and entered judgment against Fishman and the other defendants.

On motion of Green's attorney, this court by its order dismissed Fishman's appeal as to Green on June 8, 1956, for the reason that Fishman had no standing to complain of the success of Green in defeating liability. Curran v. Heslop, 115 Cal.App.2d 476, 483, 252 P.2d 378; Click v. Southern Pacific Co., 113 Cal.App. 528, 530, 298 P. 839; 3 Cal.Jur.2d, Appeal & Error, sec. 111, p. 568. As a consequence, appellant is reduced to the sole contention that Green, rather than he, is solely liable for the negligence which cuased respondent's injuries.

Appellant did not elect to designate the trial court's decision for inclusion in the record although the judgment recites that the findings and conclusions were in fact filed. Thus, the reocrd must stand as though findings had been waived by the litigants. Findings will be deemed to have been made in favor of respondent on every allegation of his pleadings necessary to support the judgment. Bekins Van Lines v. Johnson, 21 Cal.2d 135, 137, 130 P.2d 421; Snyder v. Snyder, 102 Cal.App.2d 489, 491, 227 P.2d 847; Childers v. Childers, 74 Cal.App.2d 56, 59, 168 P.2d 218. Therefore, the trial court impliedly found that Fishman was an 'owner' of the building which housed the elevator and that he 'maintained, operated and controlled' the elevator through his 'agents, servants and employees * * * acting within the scope of their employment, agency and authority'; and because of 'the fault and negligence of the defendants, and each of them, in the maintenance, operation and control of said elevator,' the elevator fell while respondent was a passenger thereon resulting in severe injuries to respondent. No contention is made that the evidence does not support such findings. They are fully substantiated by the record.

Appellant relies upon Johnston v. Long, 30 Cal.2d 54, 181 P.2d 645, to relieve him of liability. Note, 21 So.Cal.L.Rev. 199. That case sets forth the rule that a trustee or executor bears personal responsibility under the doctrine of respondeat superior for torts committed by an employee in the course...

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8 cases
  • Davert v. Larson
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • January 3, 1985 recreational features of the Ranch.4 We are not here concerned with a holder of bare legal title (see Richman v. Green (1956) 143 Cal.App.2d 470, 471, 299 P.2d 890) or a lessor. (See Rosales v. Stewart (1980) 113 Cal.App.3d 130, 134, 169 Cal.Rptr. 660.)5 We note that the interest ......
  • Guy F. Atkinson Co. v. Consani
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • December 16, 1963
    ...that in this state prior to 1957, a party was not aggrieved by an erroneous judgment in favor of a codefendant (Richman v. Green, 143 Cal.App.2d 470, 472, 299 P.2d 890; Hession v. City and County of San Francisco, 122 Cal.App.2d 592, 596, 602, 265 P.2d 542; Click v. Southern Pacific Co., 11......
  • De Jong v. Beach
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • September 13, 2021
    ...Probate Code section 82 do not apply here. We are not persuaded by the Beaches' reliance on Richman v. Green (1956) 143 Cal.App.2d 470. The Richman court held that, under a resulting trust, trustee has no duties to perform, no trust to administer, and no purpose to carry out except the sing......
  • Bianchi v. Western Title Ins. & Guar. Co.
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • December 23, 1970
    ...followed, from which this appeal is taken. The judge deemed himself bound by certain cases which are discussed below: Richman v. Green, 143 Cal.App.2d 470, 299 P.2d 890, Brazowski v. Chicago Title & Trust Co., 280 Ill.App. 293, and Pena v. Stewart, 78 Ariz. 272, 278 P.2d 892; but acknowledg......
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