Smith v. Camel City Cab Co.

Decision Date05 June 1947
Docket Number744
Citation42 S.E.2d 657,227 N.C. 572
PartiesSMITH v. CAMEL CITY CAB CO.
CourtNorth Carolina Supreme Court

This was an action for damages for personal injuries received and property lost while plaintiff was a passenger a passenger in one of defendant's taxicabs. It was alleged that defendant's driver negligently failed to protect plaintiff from an assault being made upon her.

Issues were submitted to the jury and answered in favor of plaintiff, and from judgment on the verdict, the defendant appealed.

William H. Boyer and H. Bryce Parker, both of Winston-Salem, for plaintiff.

W Avery Jones and Hosea V. Price, both of Winston-Salem, for defendant.

DEVIN Justice.

The only assignment of error presented by the defendant in this Court is the denial of its motion for judgment of nonsuit. All other exceptions noted in the trial below have been abandoned.

This raises the question of the sufficiency of the evidence offered, considered in the light most favorable for the plaintiff, to warrant submission of the case to the jury. The material facts were these: The plaintiffs operates a cafe on North Cherry Street in Winston-Salem. On the evening of December 31, 1944, plaintiff caused a woman by the name of Fostena Phillips to be arrested for disorderly conduct. Fostena subsequently secured bail, and with her sister Mavin and some other friends, went to a place near plaintiff's cafe and waited for her to come out. Plaintiff closed up about 2:00 A.M. and called one of the defendant's cabs to take her home as she had frequently done. The defendant's cab driven by a regular employee, who knew plaintiff and where she lived, came in response and drew up in front of the cafe. Plaintiff had one of her employees put in the cab several packages containing shoes, cigarettes, and some currency amounting to about $80. When plaintiff started across the sidewalk to the cab, Fostena and her friends appeared and attacked plaintiff and a fight ensued. Plaintiff succeeded in getting on the front seat of the cab, was pulled out, and the fight renewed. Plaintiff succeeded in getting back in the cab and the driver was urged to drive off. This he failed to do, saying, "I am going to see this well done." He did, however, let the cab roll down to a dark spot about half a block away, with plaintiff's assailants still holding onto the cab and trying to fight her. Here the driver stopped the cab, got out, opened the back door and departed. The plaintiff testified "the girls" were fighting her, but she could not start the car as the driver had taken the switch keys. She then managed to get out on the other side, and was rescued by a man named Smith who drove up in his car at this time, her assailants fighting her all the way across to Smith's car. She said, "All during the fighting the girls had been hitting me with a stick, a blackjack, one of the shoes off one of my feet." Plaintiff was carried to the hospital where three or four stitches were taken to close a gash in her head. During the melee plaintiff's money and goods were thrown out of the cab, scattered and lost.

Conceding that the driver of defendant's cab was under no obligation to protect plaintiff while she was on the sidewalk, or to defend her or champion her cause outside of his cab, still it would seem that the plaintiff's testimony, that after she had gotten in the cab and the cab had proceeded half a block the driver stopped the cab, with plaintiff's assailants surrounding, and left the scene would afford some evidence of failure to exercise due care for the protection of one whom he had accepted as a passenger in his cab, and tend to sustain an action for damages for injuries received and property lost proximately resulting therefrom.

It was admitted that the defendant in this case was engaged in the business of operating taxicabs for hire on the streets of Winston-Salem, under franchise from the city. Hence it would seem that the duty uniformly held obligatory upon common carriers, with respect to the safety of passengers being transported by them in the course of their business, should also be held to be imposed upon those who operate taxicabs on the public streets under franchise or license issued in accord with statutory provisions and regulations, in so far as applicable to that type of carriage. Durfey v Milligan, 265 Mich. 97, 251 N.W. 356; Shelton Taxi Co. v. Bowling, 244 Ky. 817, 51 S.W.2d 468; Dauplaise v. Yellow Taxicab Co., 204 Wis, 419, 235 N.W. 771; Yellow Cab Co. v. Carmichael, 33 Ga.App. 364, 126 S.E. 269; Sanchez v. Pacific Auto Stages, 116 Cal.App. 392, 2 P.2d 845; 69 A.L.R. 992; 96 A.L.R. 753.

The duty owed by common carriers to passengers being transported by them has been frequently stated by this Court to be to provide for the safe conveyance of their passengers "as far as human care and foresight" can go,...

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