State v. Anzalone, CAAP-18-0000880

CourtCourt of Appeals of Hawai'i
Parties STATE of Hawai‘i, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Dawn ANZALONE, Defendant-Appellant.
Docket NumberCAAP-18-0000880
Decision Date12 May 2022

151 Hawai‘i 132
508 P.3d 1218 (Table)

STATE of Hawai‘i, Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
Dawn ANZALONE, Defendant-Appellant.

NO. CAAP-18-0000880

Intermediate Court of Appeals of Hawai‘i.

May 12, 2022


On the briefs:

Damir Kouliev, for Defendant-Appellant.

Gerald K. Enriques, Deputy Prosecuting Attorney, County of Maui, for Plaintiff-Appellee.

(By: Ginoza, Chief Judge, Nakasone and McCullen, JJ.)

SUMMARY DISPOSITION ORDER

Defendant-Appellant Dawn Anzalone (Anzalone ) appeals from the Family Court of the Second Circuit's1 September 27, 2018 Judgment of Conviction and Probation Sentence.

Upon careful review of the record and the briefs submitted by the parties and having given due consideration to the arguments advanced and the issues raised, we resolve Anzalone's points of error as follows.

(1) Anzalone argues that the family court erred when it failed to determine if she was nonindigent before ordering her to reimburse the State for extradition costs.

Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS ) § 621-9(b) "requires that the court first find that the defendant is nonindigent before evaluating the facts of the case to determine whether, in its discretion, the defendant should bear the costs of extradition." State v. Anzalone, 141 Hawai‘i 445, 454, 412 P.3d 951, 960 (2018) [hereinafter Anzalone I ]. Based on the record on appeal, the family court did not make a finding that Anzalone was nonindigent. We, thus, vacate the family court's imposition of extradition costs on Anzalone and remand for the family court to follow the requirements set forth in Anzalone I.

(2) Anzalone argues that the State failed to adduce any evidence that the claims for payments of extradition costs were made pursuant to HRS § 621-9(b) (2016).

HRS § 621-9(b) provides the conditions under which a court may order a defendant to reimburse the State as follows:

Whenever the presence of a defendant in a criminal case ... who is outside the judicial circuit is mandated by court order or bench warrant to appear, the cost of airfare, ground transportation, any per diem for both the defendant or petitioner and sufficient law enforcement officers to effect the defendant's or petitioner's return, shall be borne by the State. All such expenses shall be certified by the court or public prosecutor or the attorney general. Duly certified claims for payment shall be paid upon vouchers approved by the state director of finance and warrants drawn by the state comptroller. The court may order the nonindigent defendant or petitioner who was returned to the State of Hawaii to reimburse the State for the costs of such extradition or return as specifically described above.

(Emphases added.)

Based on the plain language of HRS § 621-9(b), the court may order a nonindigent defendant to reimburse the state "as specifically described above." The specific description provides that "[a]ll such expenses shall be certified by the court or public prosecutor or the attorney general" and that the certified expenses "shall be paid upon vouchers approved by the state director of finance and warrants drawn by the...

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