State v. Hart

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Iowa
Writing for the CourtBECK
Citation25 N.W. 99,67 Iowa 142
PartiesSTATE v. HART.
Decision Date20 October 1885

67 Iowa 142
25 N.W. 99


Supreme Court of Iowa.

Filed October 20, 1885.

Appeal from Cass district court.

Defendant was indicted and convicted of the crime of forgery. He now appeals to this court.

[25 N.W. 99]

E. Willard and L. L. De Lano, for appellant, M. D. Hart.

A. J. Baker, Atty. Gen., for the State.


1. The defendant moved to set aside the indictment for the reason that the grand jury finding it had not been drawn in the manner prescribed by law. The facts upon which the motion was based are these: A defendant held to answer to a criminal charge had challenged the grand jury on the ground that it was illegally drawn, in that the lists of grand jurors had been compared with a transcript of the poll-books and not with the poll-books themselves. See Code, § 240. Upon the consideration of the challenge the district court sustained it, deciding that the jury had not been lawfully drawn, and discharged the grand jury, and another was summoned as prescribed by Code, § 244. Defendant was indicted by the grand jury summoned in the place of the one discharged. He now insists that the first grand jury was illegally discharged, and that the second was therefore unlawfully impaneled.

2. The question of the illegal impaneling of the second jury depends upon the correctness of the decision of the court in discharging the first. If that decision was correct, then the second was lawfully impaneled. It will be held by the law as correct until it is lawfully set aside or reversed. But that cannot be done in a collateral proceeding, and the motion of defendant to quash the indictment is of such a proceeding. We must keep in view the exact facts. Defendant by his motion does not directly assail the decision under which the first jury was discharged; he attacks the order of the court impaneling the second, which he claims was irregular because there was another lawful jury, the first one, or because the decision under which it was discharged was erroneous. He thus, in fact, assails the first order in a collatteral proceeding. We need not inquire whether defendant could, under the provisions of the law, assail in any manner the order for the discharge of the first jury. If the statute makes no provision for such a proceeding we cannot supply the omission. The impediment in the way of the administration of the criminal law, which would arise in case defendant's position is sound, would obviously result, in many cases, in the defeat of justice....

To continue reading

Request your trial
1 cases
  • Morearty v. State, 7864
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Nebraska
    • 9 January 1896
    ...objections to the sufficiency of the information, reference was made to the following cases: Roush v. State, 34 Neb. 326; State v. Hart, 67 Iowa 142; State v. Baumon, 52 Iowa 68; Peete v. State, 2 Lea [Tenn.], 513; Dixon v. State, 26 S.W. [Tex.], 500; State v. Gullette, 26 S.W. [Mo.], 354; ......

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT