State v. Jackson

Decision Date07 April 1965
Docket NumberNo. A-10477,A-10477
Citation388 S.W.2d 924
PartiesThe STATE of Texas, Petitioner, v. Thomas E. JACKSON, Respondent.
CourtTexas Supreme Court

W. G. Walley, Jr., Beaumont, for petitioner.

Fred A. Carver, Beaumont, for respondent.

NORVELL, Justice.

This is a condemnation case in which the judgment of the County Court at Law of Jefferson County recites that the Special Commissioners in condemnation had made a money award to respondent, Thomas E. Jackson for a small tract of 0.018 of an acre owned by him and condemned by the State of Texas; that the award money had been deposited with the County Clerk of Jefferson County and withdrawn by the respondent; that the State of Texas had duly excepted to the award of the Special Commissioners and thus invoked the jurisdiction of the County Court at Law and that upon the trial the judge had instructed the jury to return a verdict for respondent for the sum of $1.00. Judgment was accordingly rendered that the State recover of respondent the title and possession of the 0.018 acre tract of land involved and further awarding the State a money judgment for the amount of the money award made by the Special Commissioners and withdrawn from the registry of the Court by the respondent, less the one dollar nominal damages found by the jury in accordance with the judge's instruction. The Court of Civil Appeals reversed. 383 S.W.2d 647.

We reverse the judgment of the Court of Civil Appeals and affirm the judgment of the trial court. The respondent, as defendant in the County Court at Law, filed no answer and introduced no evidence as to the value of the 0.018 acre tract of land. However he did file two motions in the trial court asserting that the cause should be dismissed or that the judge should instruct the jury to find for the respondent in the amount of the Special Commissioners' award. Seemingly in support of the position taken in such motions, respondent here argues that the State failed to prove facts said to be essential to the trial court's jurisdiction 'for the reason that the State introduced no proof whatsoever of the necessity of the taking of respondent's strip of land, nor of any bona fide effort to agree with respondent as to the value of the land or the amount of damages.' 1

We do not have a jurisdictional question involved here. The jurisdiction of the County Court at Law was properly invoked by the State when it timely excepted to the award of the Special Commissioners. Article 3266, § 6; State v. Nelson, 160 Tex. 515, 334 S.W.2d 788 (1960); Pearson v. State, 159 Tex. 66, 315 S.W.2d 935 (1958). By accepting the award of the Special Commissioners the respondent is precluded from contesting the State's right to take the property. Article 1, § 17 of the Texas Constitution, Vernon's Ann.St. in part provides that, 'No person's property shall be taken * * * for or applied to public use without adequate compensation being made, unless by the consent of such person; * * *.' After an award has been made, and the money deposited in the registry of the Court and the landowner has withdrawn the same, he cannot thereafter contend that the taking was unlawful. In legal contemplation, he has consented to such taking and will not be permitted to retain his compensation and at the same time assert that the condemning authority had no right to take his property under the eminent domain power. This point was settled by this Court's decision in City of San Antonio v. Grandjean, 91 Tex. 430, 41 S.W. 477, 44 S.W. 476 (1897). 2 See also, McConnico v. Texas Power & Light Company, 335 S.W.2d 397 (Tex.Civ.App., 1960, wr. ref., n. r. e.), Sacred Gardens of Memory, Inc. v. State, 334 S.W.2d 220 (Tex.Civ.App., 1960, no wr. hist.), 22 Tex.Jur.2d 380,EminentDomain, § 266-Waiver of right to object to appropriation.

Respondent was entitled to litigate the issue of adequate compensation in the County Court at Law. Thomas v. Housing Authority of City of Dallas, 153 Tex. 137, 264 S.W.2d 93 (1953). He admits, however, (on authority of Ready v. City of Marshall, 234' S.W.2d 104, Tex.Civ.App., 1950, no wr. hist. which he cites) that the burden of proving the value of the property taken rested upon him. Upon the question of burden of proof, the holding in Ready is undoubtedly correct, Aue v. State, 77...

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  • Religious of Sacred Heart of Texas v. City of Houston
    • United States
    • Texas Supreme Court
    • July 1, 1992
    ...withdraws the award, as Duchesne did, the condemnee waives all issues other than the adequacy of the compensation. State v. Jackson, 388 S.W.2d 924, 925 (Tex.1965). We also noted in Jackson that in such a situation the burden of proof lies with the condemnee. Id. at 926; see also Coastal In......
  • Hubenak v. San Jacinto Gas Transmission Co.
    • United States
    • Texas Supreme Court
    • July 2, 2004
    ...Pugh, 141 Tex. 539, 174 S.W.2d 598, 600 (1943). 46. Amason v. Natural Gas Pipeline Co., 682 S.W.2d 240, 242 (Tex.1984); State v. Jackson, 388 S.W.2d 924, 925 (Tex.1965); see also Coastal Indus. Water Auth. v. Celanese Corp. of Am., 592 S.W.2d 597, 599 (Tex.1979) (landowner who withdrew the ......
  • Mbm Financial v. Woodlands Operating Co.
    • United States
    • Texas Supreme Court
    • August 28, 2009
    ...Osage Oil Corp., 55 S.W.2d 535, 537 (Tex. Comm'n App.1932, holdings approved); WILLISTON & LORD, supra note 9. 20. See State v. Jackson, 388 S.W.2d 924, 926 (Tex. 1965); Davis v. Tex. & P. Ry., 91 Tex. 505, 44 S.W. 822, 823 (1898); Moore v. Anderson, 30 Tex. 224, 231 (1867); Hope v. Alley, ......
  • City of Austin v. Hall
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Appeals
    • October 8, 1969 further prosecute the litigation.' (Emphasis added.) 153 Tex. 137, 264 S.W.2d 93, 94, col. 1. The Supreme Court held in State v. Jackson, 388 S.W.2d 924 (Tex.1965), that after an award has been made and the condemnee has withdrawn the money deposited by the condemnor, the condemnee canno......
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