State v. Johnson, 55065

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Missouri
Citation457 S.W.2d 762
Docket NumberNo. 55065,No. 2,55065,2
PartiesSTATE of Missouri, Respondent, v. Joseph Demarion JOHNSON, Appellant
Decision Date14 September 1970

John C. Danforth, Atty. Gen., Thomas L. Patten, Asst. Atty. Gen., Jefferson City, for respondent.

Robert G. Duncan, Pierce, Duncan, Hill & Russell, Kansas City, for appellant.

BARRETT, Commissioner.

Joseph Demarion Johnson was charged, tried and found guilty of robbery in the first degree. The jury fixed his punishment at 25 years' imprisonment and he has appealed. The indictment charged that on August 25, 1967, Johnson, feloniously, made an assault upon David Weinstein with a .38 caliber revolver and 'did rob, steal, take and carry away certain property, to wit: ond (1) .38 calibre revolver of the value of seventy ($70.00) Dollars, One Thousand Ond Hundred Dollars ($1,100.00) in lawful money of the United States * * * the money and personal property of the said David Weinstein, from the person and against the will of the said David Weinstein then and there, by force and violence to the person and against the will of the said David Weinstein * * *.'

The background was that David Weinstein personally owned and operated a liquor-grocery store at 2123 Truman Road known as David's Market. On August 25, 1967, about 3:20 in the afternoon, there were present in the store, Mr. and Mrs. Weinstein and Mrs. Reynolds when three men entered the store and with a shotgun and revolver help up the Weinsteins. One of the men pointed a shotgun at Mrs. Weinstein, the defendant Johnson, known to Weinstein, pointed a gun at Mr. Weinstein, compelled him to open the safe, took a gun from behind the counter, keys from his pocket, $700.00 to $750.00 cash from the safe and about $400.00 from the cash register. Johnson gave the keys to Weinstein, compelled him to open a back door and the robbers fled. Mrs. Weinstein set off an alarm and one of the robbers, Bill Louis Colthorp, (his name has been misspelled throughout this record) was captured nearby. He was carrying a rug wrapped around a loaded shotgun. He was sentenced to 45 years imprisonment--that conviction was affirmed in State v. Colthorp, Mo., 437 S.W.2d 75. In July 1968 Johnson was arrested in California 'for disturbing the peace,' he was extradited to Kansas, removed to Missouri, identified as one of the Weinstein robbers and on January 30, 1968, indicted.

One of his preliminary points is that the court erred in overruling his motion to quash the indictment based upon the allegation that in violation of his constitutional rights he was 'illegally, forcefully and unconstitutionally' brought into Missouri and therefore the Jackson County Circuit Court had no jurisdiction of his person. On this motion, heard immediately after the hearing on his motion to suppress the lineup evidence, it developed, in the defendant's own language, that in California 'I signed an extradition paper to come back.' He said, however, that the lady committing judge in California told him that all Missouri charges had been dismissed. In this hearing, however, it developed that there was an extradition warrant and a hearing. While the Kansas City police officer was testifying that he went to Kansas to execute the warrant the defendant interrupted to say, 'Hey, you wasn't the one who came and got me.'

Nevertheless, his claim that in violation of the Uniform Extradition Act (RSMo 1959, §§ 548.010--548.120, V.A.M.S.) he was illegally returned to Missouri and indicted is no ground for his discharge of the robbery charge on the ground that the Missouri court thereby had no jurisdiction of his person. In Frisbie v. Collins, 342 U.S. 519, 72 S.Ct. 509, 96 L.ed. 541, a prisoner, in habeas corpus, claimed that while he was in Chicago he was 'forcibly seized, handcuffed, blackjacked and took him to Michigan,' all in violation of due process and thereby his murder conviction was a nullity. The court answered, however, '(t)his court had never departed from the rule announced in Ker v. Illinois, 119 U.S. 436, 444, 7 S.Ct. 225, 30 L.Ed. 421, that the power of a court to try a person for crime is not impaired by the fact that he had been brought within the court's jurisdiction by reason of a 'forcible abduction.' No persuasive reasons are now presented to justify overruling this line of cases. They rest on the sound basis that due process of law is satisfied when one present in court is convicted of crime after having been fairly apprized of the charges against him and after a fair trial in accordance with constitutional procedural safeguards. There is nothing in the Constitution that requires a court to permit a guilty person rightfully convicted to escape justice because he was brought to trial against his will.' The Frisbie case was applied in State v. Howe, Mo., 364 S.W.2d 546, in which the defendant claimed that he was kidnapped, not extradited, in Kansas.

In addition to his motion to quash the indictment the appellant relying on United States v. Wade, 388 U.S. 218, 87 S.Ct. 1926, 18 L.Ed.2d 1149, Stovall v. Denno, 388 U.S. 293, 87 S.Ct. 1967, 18 L.Ed.2d 1199 and other federal cases concerned with lineups filed a motion to suppress any lineup testimony for the reason that the lineup here was unreasonably suggestive in that there were but two persons in the lineup, that he was without requested counsel and was therefore denied due process. The insuperable difficulty with this point is that there is no support whatever in this record upon which to base it. On the hearing of the motion and again in the trial of the cause Mr. Weinstein testified that prior to the date of the holdup Johnson had been a customer in his store 'a lot of times' and during the robbery he immediately recognized him even though he did not know his name. In describing the robbery he said, 'I turned around and saw the defendant Johnson standing and I had known him from previous visits to the store. Q. About how many times had you seen him in the store? A. I would say approximately a dozen, and I noticed--I said, 'Hello' or 'What did you say?' or something and I noticed that when he spoke it seemed as if he didn't have any teeth in his mouth or something and he pointed a gun at me over this hosiery display and I remarked something like 'You got to be kidding' or 'Are you kidding?' because I knew him, and he said, 'Don't make any...

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11 cases
  • State v. Blurton, SC 93648
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • 15 March 2016
    ...doubt. Moreover, MAI–CR 3d 323.04 requires a description of the property that the defendant allegedly took. See also State v. Johnson, 457 S.W.2d 762, 765 (Mo.1970). Mr. Blurton, however, offered no description of the property alleged to have been taken, but instead, merely stated that the ......
  • State v. Gilbert
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • 22 April 2003
    ...attack. State v. Willis, 654 S.W.2d 78, 80 (Mo. banc 1983); State v. Williams, 652 S.W.2d 102, 109 (Mo. banc 1983); State v. Johnson, 457 S.W.2d 762, 764 (Mo.1970). "Due process of law is satisfied when one present in court is convicted of crime after having been fairly apprized of the char......
  • State v. Williams, 63587
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • 31 May 1983
    ...of extradition is no longer a proper subject of any legal attack by him. Huffman v. State, 487 S.W.2d 549, 553 (Mo.1972). State v. Johnson, 457 S.W.2d 762 (Mo.1970), following and quoting Frisbie v. Collins, 342 U.S. 519, 72 S.Ct. 509, 96 L.Ed. 541 (1952), reh'g denied, 343 U.S. 937, 72 S.C......
  • State v. Davis
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • 9 September 1975
    ...range for some minutes, State v. Goshon, supra. Ms. Davis recognized the defendant as a previous customer of the store, State v. Johnson, 457 S.W.2d 762 (Mo.1970). The description given to the police was not specific but also was not inaccurate. There was no showing of any hesitancy in the ......
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