State v. Ladiges

Decision Date07 November 1963
Docket NumberNo. 37229,37229
PartiesThe STATE of Washington, Respondent, v. Osmar LADIGES and Richard Ladiges, Petitioners.
CourtWashington Supreme Court

Edward P. Reed, White Salmon, for petitioners.

Alf M. Jacobsen, Pros. Atty., Goldendale, for respondent.

OTT, Chief Justice.

June 25, 1963, Osmar Ladiges and Richard Ladiges were convicted of the crime of assault in the third degree in the Justice Court of Goldendale Precinct, Klickitat County, and sentenced to serve 30 days in the county jail. They immediately gave oral notice of appeal to the superior court, and deposited a cash bail and appeal bond as provided by law.

July 3, 1963, the justice of the peace filed a transcript of the justice court proceedings with the clerk of the Superior Court for Klickitat County, as provided by RCW 10.10.040. The justice of the peace mailed a copy to the attorney for the Ladigeses, but did not advise the attorney that he had filed the transcript in the superior court.

July 19, 1963, the prosecuting attorney moved to dismiss the appeal in the superior court for the reason that it had not been perfected, in accordance with the appeal time schedule provided by J Crim.R. 6.01 and 6.03.

July 22, 1963, the Ladigeses, in writing, requested the justice of the peace to prepare a supplemental transcript of the justice court proceedings. July 23, 1963, the request was denied.

August 2, 1963, the Ladigeses filed in the superior court a notice requesting that the case be set for trial at the next jury term.

August 2, 1963, the superior court granted the state's motion to dismiss the appeal, and remanded the cause to the justice court for execution of the sentences imposed.

Osmar and Richard Ladiges, by this certiorari proceeding, seek a review of the judgment of dismissal which denied them their right of appeal.

On June 25, 1963, the procedure for appeal of a criminal case to the superior court from the justice court was prescribed by statute.

RCW 10.10.010 provides:

'Every person convicted before a justice of the peace of any offense may appeal from the judgment, within ten days thereafter, to the superior court. The appeal shall be taken by orally giving notice thereof at the time the judgment is rendered, or by serving a written notice thereof upon the justice at any time after the judgment, and within the time allowed for taking the appeal; when the notice is given orally, the justice shall enter the same in his docket. The appellant shall be committed to the jail of the county until he shall recognize or give a bond to the state, in such reasonable sum, with such sureties as said justice may require with condition to appear at the court appealed to, and there prosecute his appeal, and to abide the sentence of the court thereon, if not revised by a higher court.' (Italics ours.)

RCW 10.10.040 provides:

'Upon an appeal being taken in a criminal action the justice shall require the witnesses to give recognizances for their appearance in the superior court, or, if they are not present, indorse their names on the copy of proceeding. He shall on such appeal make and certify a copy of the conviction and other proceedings in the case, and transmit the same, together with the recognizance and an abstract bill of the costs, to the clerk of the court appealed to, who shall issue a subpoena for the witness if they are not under recognizance.' (Italics ours.)

The statutory procedure for the appeal of a criminal case on June 25, 1963, when petitioners gave their notice of appeal provided for an oral notice, a bond, and the prompt filing in the superior court of the transcript of the justice court proceedings. The setting of the cause for trial in the superior court, after perfection of the appeal, was governed by superior court rules. The record shows that oral notice of appeal was given immediately, the bond was approved and deposited, and the transcript filed in the superior court within eight days after the notice of appeal was given. The statutory appeal procedure was precisely followed, and the appeal effected. There is no contention that the request of August 2, 1963, for setting for a jury trial was not in conformity with superior court rules.

New rules for accomplishing an appeal from the justice court to the superior court became effective July 1, 1963.

J Crim.R. 6.01 provides:

'Appeals shall be to the superior court of the county in which the court of limited jurisdiction is located. The appeal from a justice court located in a joint justice court district shall be made to the superior court of the county where the offense was alleged to have been committed. The appeal shall be taken by serving a copy of a written notice of appeal upon the attorney for the party in whose favor judgment was entered and by filing the original thereof with acknowledgment or affidavit of service thereof with the court in which the case was tried within ten days after entry of judgment. If a motion for a new trial or for the arrest of judgment has been timely made, such notice and proof of service may be filed within ten days after entry of the order denying the motion.

'After notice of appeal is given as herein required, appellant shall diligently prosecute his appeal, and within thirty days from the day of entry of judgment, shall file with the clerk of the superior court a transcript duly certified by such judge, furnished by such judge without charge, and containing a copy of all written pleadings and docket entries of the lower court. Within ten days after the transcript is filed, appellant shall note the case for trial.'

J Crim.R. 6.02 provides:

'All sentences shall be stayed if an appeal is taken and defendant so elects and gives cash bail or his bond to the state which shall be deposited with the clerk of the court, in such reasonable sum with sureties as the lower court judge may require, upon the following conditions: that he will diligently prosecute the appeal and within thirty days after the entry of the judgment in the lower court file...

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16 cases
  • National Bank of Commerce of Seattle v. Green
    • United States
    • Washington Court of Appeals
    • 31 Diciembre 1969
    ...implied therein, that the statute operate retroactively, the statute will be deemed to operate prospectively only. State v. Ladiges, 63 Wash.2d 230, 386 P.2d 416 (1963); Sorensen v. Western Hotels, Inc., 55 Wash.2d 625, 349 P.2d 232 (1960); In re Wind's Estate, 32 Wash.2d 64, 200 P.2d 748 (......
  • City of Seattle v. Larkin
    • United States
    • Washington Court of Appeals
    • 17 Diciembre 1973
    ...operates prospectively only unless a retroactive effect was the clear intent of the enacting authority. See also State v. Ladiges, 63 Wash.2d 230, 386 P.2d 416 (1963); State v. Malone, We hold, therefore, that the prosecution of the charges under this ordinance was not prohibited by the leg......
  • State v. Williams
    • United States
    • Washington Supreme Court
    • 9 Enero 1975
    ... ...         Dismissal is required under CrR 3.3(e) if the case is not brought to trial in accordance with the rule. A showing of prejudice to the defendant is unnecessary. Cases such as State v. Ladiges, 63 Wash.2d 230, 386 P.2d 416 (1963), cited by the respondent, which were decided under the statute which formerly prescribed the rule for speedy trial (RCW 10.46.010), are not applicable. The doctrine of waiver, formerly applied by this court in cases such as State v. Niblack, 74 Wash.2d 200, 443 ... ...
  • Real Progress, Inc. v. City of Seattle
    • United States
    • Washington Court of Appeals
    • 10 Agosto 1998
    ...that a retroactive effect was intended. City of Ferndale v. Friberg, 107 Wash.2d 602, 605, 732 P.2d 143 (1987); State v. Ladiges, 63 Wash.2d 230, 234, 386 P.2d 416 (1963). Even where there is a clear indication that the intended a retroactive application, "[a] statute may not be given retro......
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