Strickland v. King, 8

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of North Carolina
Citation293 N.C. 731,239 S.E.2d 243
Docket NumberNo. 8,8
PartiesBobby STRICKLAND v. Anthony KING, Haynes Jonathan Blanton and Ramsey Chevrolet Co., Inc. Ronnie Dale SELLERS v. Anthony KING, Haynes Jonathan Blanton and Ramsey Chevrolet Co., Inc.
Decision Date15 December 1977

Williamson & Walton by Benton H. Walton, III, Whiteville, for plaintiff-appellant Bobby Strickland.

Yow & Yow by Douglas A. Fox, Wilmington, for plaintiff-appellant Ronnie Dale Sellers.

McGougan & Wright by D. F. McGougan, Jr., Tabor City, for defendant-appellee Anthony King.

Anderson, Broadfoot & Anderson by Henry L. Anderson, Jr., Fayetteville, for defendant-appellee Haynes Jonathan Blanton and Ramsey Chevrolet Company, Inc.

COPELAND, Justice.

Plaintiffs contend that the North Carolina Workmen's Compensation Act has no application to this case and they consequently should be permitted to pursue their remedies at common law. For reasons hereinafter indicated, we agree and reverse the decision of the courts below.

The Workmen's Compensation Act, in G.S. 97-9, provides that the sole remedy for a covered employee against his employer or those conducting the employer's business is to seek compensation under the Act. Thus, an employee subject to the Act whose injuries arise out of and in the course of his employment may not maintain a common law action against a negligent co-employee. Warner v. Leder, 234 N.C. 727, 69 S.E.2d 6 (1952).

The principal issue in the instant case is whether plaintiffs' injuries arose out of and in the course of their employment. Injuries received by an employee while traveling to or from his place of employment are usually not covered by the Act unless the employer furnishes the means of transportation as an incident of the contract of employment. Whittington v. A. J. Schnierson & Sons, Inc., 255 N.C. 724, 122 S.E.2d 724 (1961). However, injuries sustained by an employee while going to or from the work place on premises owned or controlled by the employer are generally deemed to have arisen out of and in the course of employment. Bass v. Mecklenburg County, 258 N.C. 226, 128 S.E.2d 570 (1962). In the case under consideration, plaintiffs were injured while leaving work on a road owned and maintained by their employer, the design and construction of which substantially complied with specifications for State highways. Defendants, in driving plaintiffs home, were performing no assigned duties for their employer; thus, the only factor which would suggest that this accident arose out of the parties' employment was the ownership and maintenance of the road by DuPont. Yet, even though an accident occurred on the employer's premises at a time when the employee was within the compass of his employment, this alone is insufficient to justify a finding that the injury arose out of the employment. Bryan v. T. A. Loving Company and Associates, 222 N.C. 724, 24 S.E.2d 751 (1943).

Injuries in parking lots owned and maintained for employees by employers while arriving at or departing from the work site have often been held to arise out of and in the course of employment because the risk of injury in such lots is different in kind and greater in degree than that experienced by the general public. See, e.g., Altman v. Sanders, 267 N.C. 158, 148...

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24 cases
  • Chavis v. Tlc Home Health Care
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of North Carolina
    • August 16, 2005
    ...... Page 407 . Industrial Commission. Heard in the Court of Appeals 8 June 2005. .         Jones Martin Parris & Tessener Law Offices, PLLC, by J. Michael Riley ...at 612, 589 S.E.2d at 155 (quoting Strickland v. King and Sellers v. King, 293 N.C. 731, 733, 239 . Page 416 . S.E.2d 243, 244 (1977)). Even ......
  • Long v. Fowler
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of North Carolina
    • August 13, 2021
    ...Act whose injuries arise out of and in the course of his employment may not maintain" an action for negligence. Strickland v. King , 293 N.C. 731, 733, 239 S.E.2d 243, 244 (1977) (citation omitted) (emphasis added). However, in Pleasant v. Johnson , 312 N.C. 710, 325 S.E.2d 244 (1985), we h......
  • Woodson v. Rowland
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of North Carolina
    • August 14, 1991
    ...either against his employer, Hicks v. Guilford County, 267 N.C. 364, 148 S.E.2d 240 (1966), or a co-worker, Strickland v. King, 293 N.C. 731, 239 S.E.2d 243 (1977). On the other hand, if the forecast of evidence is sufficient to show that Sprouse's death was the result of an intentional tor......
  • Pleasant v. Johnson, 433A84
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of North Carolina
    • January 30, 1985
    ...suing a co-employee whose negligence caused the injury. N.C.G.S. 97-9; N.C.G.S. 97-10.1 (and its predecessor 97-10); Strickland v. King, 293 N.C. 731, 239 S.E.2d 243 (1977); Altman v. Sanders, 267 N.C. 158, 148 S.E.2d 21 (1966); Warner v. Leder, 234 N.C. 727, 69 S.E.2d 6 (1952). Provisions ......
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