Ta Realty Associates Fund V v. Ncnb 1500, ED 83232.

Citation144 S.W.3d 343
Decision Date21 September 2004
Docket NumberNo. ED 83232.,ED 83232.
PartiesTA REALTY ASSOCIATES FUND V, L.P., Appellant, v. NCNB 1500, INC., Respondent.
CourtCourt of Appeal of Missouri (US)

Appeal from the Circuit Court, St. Louis County, Patrick Clifford, J Michael B. Stern, St. Louis, MO, for appellant.

Patrick J. McCarthy, St. Louis, MO, for respondent.


TA Realty Associates Fund V, L.P. ("Landlord") appeals from a judgment entered by the Circuit Court of St. Louis County denying its claim for damages resulting from the breach of a lease by NCNB 1500, Inc. ("Tenant"). Landlord alleges that the trial court erred by ruling that its failure to fully comply with a subpoena duces tecum precluded judgment in its favor. Landlord also alleges that the court erred in denying its claim because it fully proved a prima facie case for breach of lease, including resultant damages. We reverse the decision of the trial court and remand for entry of judgment in Landlord's favor and for a determination of damages.

Tenant executed a five-year Lease Agreement, in 1998, with WHCTS Real Estate Limited Partnership ("WHCTS") for office space located at 120 South Central Avenue in Clayton ("the Premises"). Under the lease, rent was based on a monthly base rent together with escalation charges and operating expenses including taxes, maintenance and repairs, and a pro rata share of the electric charges. WHCTS later sold its interest in the building, including its lease with Tenant, to Landlord.

Tenant entered into a valid sub-lease agreement two years later with Blitz, Bardgett and Deutsch, L.C. ("Subtenant") covering 69% of the Premises. Under the terms of the sub-lease, Subtenant paid rents directly to Landlord to be credited against Tenant's lease obligations. Landlord consented to the sub-lease. Tenant left the Premises on July 1, 2002, but did not terminate its lease. Subtenant remained and continued to pay rent directly to Landlord a sum which did not cover the entire rent obligation of Tenant.

Landlord filed suit against Tenant for breach of lease. In its petition, Landlord sought recovery of unpaid rent and attorney's fees. In response to the petition, Tenant filed an answer containing the affirmative defense of Landlord's failure to mitigate damages. Tenant pled the following facts:

1. [Tenant] vacated premises on July 1, 2002, with the understanding that the [Subtenant] had negotiated a lease for other space in the building and Landlord would re-let the Premises.

2. [Tenant] did not continue to occupy the space or sublet based upon a belief that the entire premises was to be re-let thereby denying [Tenant] the opportunity to take steps to prevent liability to [Landlord].

3. ... [Landlord] refused to permit [Subtenant] to relocate despite an agreement and thereby increased the obligation of [Tenant] and failing [sic] to take steps to mitigate the damages.

Landlord did not file a reply to the affirmative defense.

Tenant conducted no discovery. Prior to trial, Tenant served a subpoena duces tecum upon Landlord's custodian of records, Arnetta Buchanan ("Witness"), requesting "[D]ocuments, records, notes, memoranda concerning or touching upon the Lease by NCNB 1500, Inc. and any sublessee, including but not limited to Blitz, Bardgett and Deutsch, L.C., its predecessor and successor firms, particularly as to other Lease offers and negotiations whether consummated [sic] or not."

Witness brought to trial records and documents from Tenant's lease file. She did not bring documents relating to Subtenant or any other sublessee of the Premises. Tenant never argued or objected at trial that Witness's failure to produce all records sought under the subpoena prejudiced Tenant's case, nor did Tenant seek any form of judicial relief. Tenant produced no evidence or witnesses of its own.

Witness presented evidence establishing that Tenant was in arrears in the amount of $55,457.50. She admitted that part of the amount due was electric charges, but could not explain how Tenant was incurring electric charges when they were no longer occupying space in the Premises.

After trial, the court entered a Memorandum, Order and Judgment finding in favor of Tenant and denying damages for breach of lease to Landlord. The court found that because Landlord was able to frustrate Tenant's case by failing to comply with the subpoena, a ruling in favor of Landlord would result in fundamental unfairness. The court also found that because Landlord failed to produce evidence sought by Tenant to advance its affirmative defenses, no evidence existed from which a fact finder could determine the sum due on the lease. Landlord timely filed its notice of appeal.

On review of court-tried actions, this court will affirm the judgment of the trial court unless there is no substantial evidence to support it, unless it is against the weight of evidence, unless it erroneously declares the law or unless it erroneously applies the law. Murphy v. Carron, 536 S.W.2d 30, 32 (Mo. banc 1976).

Landlord raises three points on appeal. The points are interrelated, so we address them together. It first alleges that the trial court erred by ruling against it on the basis of its failure to comply with the subpoena duces tecum. Second, Landlord asserts that Tenant had the burden of proving affirmative defenses and Tenant's failure to object to the lack of evidence produced at trial constituted a waiver of the right to use that evidence. Finally, Landlord alleges that the court's ruling was against the weight of the evidence because it proved a prima facie case of breach of lease, including resultant damages. We agree.

We first address Tenant's argument that Landlord's failure to file a reply admitted Tenant's affirmative defense based upon section 509.090 RSMo 20001 and Rule 55.09. Section 509.090 requires that, "[A] defense consisting of an affirmative avoidance to any matter alleged in a preceding pleading must be pleaded." Rule 55.09 states that, "[S]pecific averments in a pleading to which a responsive pleading is required ... are admitted when not denied in the responsive pleadings."

This is an action, however, before an associate circuit court under Chapter 535 for rent and possession and is governed by the procedural statutes in Chapter 517. Section 517.031 states that there shall be a petition and pleadings containing affirmative defenses, counterclaims and cross-claims. Section 517.031(2) states, "[N]o other responsive pleading need be filed. If no responsive pleading is filed, the statements made in the petition, affirmative defenses, counterclaims or cross-claims shall be considered denied ..." Landlord, therefore, was not required to file a reply, and Tenant's affirmative defense was deemed denied.

Next, we address the trial court's ruling that Landlord's failure to produce evidence concerning sublease agreements frustrated Tenant's ability to carry its burden of proof in regard to its affirmative defense. Landlord argues that because Tenant did...

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  • Pearson v. Koster
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • 3 juillet 2012
    ...207, 208 (Mo.App. E.D.2004); Lumsden v. Dir. of Revenue, 136 S.W.3d 95, 98 (Mo.App. E.D.2004); TA Realty Assoc. Fund V, L.P. v. NCNB 1500, Inc., 144 S.W.3d 343, 348 (Mo.App. E.D.2004); Clark v. Dir. of Revenue, 132 S.W.3d 272, 279 (Mo.App. S.D.2004); Emig ex rel. Emig v. Curtis, 117 S.W.3d ......
  • AB Realty One, LLC v. Miken Techs., Inc.
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • 31 juillet 2015
    ...of a lease, the plaintiff must prove damages resulted from that breach “with reasonable certainty.” TA Realty Assoc.'s Fund V, L.P. v. NCNB 1500, Inc., 144 S.W.3d 343, 347 (Mo.App.E.D. 2004). However, the amount of damages awarded is a matter of fact for the trial court to determine, and is......
  • Hurst v. Kan. City
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • 19 août 2014
    ...201 (Mo.App.W.D.2013), and “[d]efendants carry the burden of proof on all affirmative defenses.” TA Realty Assocs. Fund V, L.P. v. NCNB 1500, Inc., 144 S.W.3d 343, 347 (Mo.App.E.D.2004). A “trial court generally may not direct a verdict in favor of the party who carries the burden of proof.......
  • Lehman v. Auto. Invs., LLC
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • 14 juillet 2020
    ...(internal quotations omitted). "Defendants carry the burden of proof on all affirmative defenses." TA Realty Assocs. Fund V, L.P. v. NCNB 1500, Inc., 144 S.W.3d 343, 347 (Mo. App. E.D. 2004) ; see also Black & Veatch Corp. v. Wellington Syndicate, 302 S.W.3d 114, 127 (Mo. App. W.D. 2009). M......
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